Chuo University

Chuo University

Tama Campus
Type Private
Established 1885
Academic staff
Undergraduates 25,474
Postgraduates 1,541
Location Hachiōji, Tokyo, Japan
Campus Urban

Chuo University (中央大学 Chūō Daigaku), literally Central University, is a private university in Tokyo, renowned for its law school. Chuo is one of the most prestigious schools in Japan. The University has four campuses at Tama (Hachiōji), at Korakuen (Bunkyo, Tokyo), at Ichigaya (Shinjuku), and at Ichigaya-Tamachi (Shinjuku). Chuo University has six faculties, ten graduate schools, and nine research institutes. It also operates four high schools and two junior high schools.


Early days: 1885–1920

Chuo was founded as the English Law School (英吉利法律学校 Igirisu Hōritsu Gakkō) in 1885 at Kanda in Tokyo by a group of lawyers. Before 1889, the school moved and was renamed to Tokyo College of Law (Tokyo Hōgakuin). The curriculum was changed to reflect the government reform of Japanese law and creation of a new civil code. Opposition to the implementation of new civil code resulted in the government shuttering of the campus journal and the subsequent creation of the Chuo Law Review (Hōgaku Shinpo), which has been regularly published since then.

The university was burnt down in the Great Kanda Fire that occurred in 1892, but was able to hold temporary classes. Before 1903, the school was promoted to Tokyo University of Law (Tokyo Hōgakuin Daigaku) and in 1905, the school expanded itself with the department of economics and renamed itself Chuo University.

The origin of its name "Chuo" has not been certain. However, many founders of the university were once students of the Middle Temple, London, United Kingdom before they completed their training and became qualified as Barristers. This is one of the reasons why the university renamed "Chuo" with its literally meanings: Middle, Center or Central.

Another fire torched the campus in June 1917, but it was rebuilt in August 1918.

Under the old University Ordinance : 1920–1949

In 1918, Japanese government enacted University Ordinance (Daigaku Rei) that set legal framework of universities except imperial universities established by Imperial University Ordinance. Under this University Ordinance, licensed universities were permitted to issue official degrees. Chuo University was successfully licensed in 1920 with three faculties (law, economics and commerce), graduate schools and preparatory schools.

The 1923 Great Kantō earthquake again reduced the campus to rubble and it was rebuilt and relocated at Kanda-Surugadai in 1926.

In 1944, Engineering College was established.

Reform along with new School Education Act: 1949–1978

After World War II, Chuo University started a series of reformations along with a new School Education Act of 1947. In 1948, its Correspondence Division was annexed to its Faculty of Law. In 1949, a new university system under the School Education Act of 1947 was applied to Chuo University. Its Engineering College was abolished and new Faculty of Engineering was opened in this year. Its Faculty of Literature was established in 1951. Its Faculty of Engineering took wings and was renamed to Faculty of Science and Engineering in 1962.

New challenges: 1978–

In 1978, Chuo University's headquarters, four faculties and graduate schools including laws, economics, commerce and arts moved to newly established Tama Campus in Hachiōji from the Kanda-Suguradai Campus. The Faculty of Science and Engineering and its Graduate School are still located at the Korakuen Campus. For celebrating its 100th anniversary, in 1988, Chuo University built the Surugadai Memorial Hall which is a seven-story building. It is located at a section on the old Kanda-Surugadai Campus.

In 1993, the Faculty of Policy Studies was opened on the Tama Campus.

The Ichigaya Campus was built in 2000 originally as a satellite downtown campus for graduate schools, but, in 2002, a new professional graduate school, Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting (CGSA) and in 2004, another professional graduate school, Chuo Law School (CLS) were established at the same campus, and then, the satellite downtown campus function for graduate schools partially moved to Ichigaya-Tamachi Campus after it was established in 2010.

In 2008, Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management, which is a professional graduate school, was launched at Korakuen Campus. Faculty of Literature was renamed to Faculty of Letters.

The Ichigaya-Tamachi Campus in Shinjuku was opened in 2010. CGSA and the Graduate School of Public Policy have moved to this campus.

In 2010, Chuo University celebrated its 125th anniversary and the other university events including the main ceremony were held on November 13.

Faculties and Graduate schools


Graduate schools

Professional graduate schools


Tama Campus

Tama campus

This, the main campus, is a short walk from the Chūō-Daigaku-Meisei-Daigaku Station of the Tama Monorail, easily reachable from the JR Chūō, Keiō or Odakyū line.

It contains headquarters, all the faculties except for the Faculty of Science and Engineering, five graduate schools including law, economics, commerce, arts and policy studies.

Korakuen campus

It can be reached from Kasuga Station (Ōedo and Mita subway lines), Kōrakuen Station (Marunouchi and Namboku subway lines), and Suidōbashi Station (JR Chūō-Sōbu Line).

It contains the Faculty of Science and Engineering and its graduate school and the Graduate School of Strategic Management (professional graduate school).

Ichigaya campus

This is in Shinjuku ward, Tokyo. It can be reached from Akebonobashi Station (Shinjuku subway line), Yotsuya-sanchōme Station (Marunouchi subway line), and Ichigaya Station (JR Chūō-Sōbu Line, and Shinjuku, Namboku, and Yūrakuchō subway lines).

It contains the Chuo Law School (professional graduate school).

Ichigaya-Tamachi campus

This too is in Shinjuku ward, Tokyo. It is near Ichigaya Station (JR Chūō-Sōbu Line, Shinjuku, Namboku, and Yūrakuchō subway lines).

It contains the Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting (professional graduate school) and the Graduate School of Public Policy. It is also a downtown satellite campus for graduate schools.

Surugadai Memorial Hall

This is in Chiyoda ward, Tokyo. It can be reached from Ochanomizu Station (JR Chūō-Sōbu Line and Marunouchi subway line).

Academic activities

Research institutions

Chuo has eight research institutions and one research based educational institution.[1]

Institute of Comparative Law in Japan

This was established as the first research institute for comparative legal studies in Japan and East Asia. Its academic research journal Hikakuhō Zasshi is one of the most prestigious academic journals in this field. Its office and library are on Tama Campus.

Institute of Economic Research

This was established in 1964. Its research covers microeconomics, macroeconomics and Marxian economics.

Institute of Social Sciences

This was established in 1979. Its research covers a wide range of social sciences including politics, applied policy studies, area studies and modern histories.

Institute of Business Research

The Japanese name of this institute is "Kigyō Kenkyūjo", literally Institute for Business Entity Analysis. It was established in 1979. It is very famous for its large collection of material on Japanese corporations or business entities.

Institute of Cultural Science

The Japanese name of this institute is "Jinbun-kagaku Kenkyūjo", literally Institute of Humanities. The research undertaken by the Institute is primarily collaborative, and involves study of cultural sciences in their broadest sense.

Institute of Health and Sports Science

This was established in 1978. Its main office and laboratories are in the main Gymnastic Building on Tama Campus.

Institute of Science and Engineering

The institute, established in 1992, promotes joint and project research in science and technology. Its office is on Korakuen Campus.

Institute of Policy and Cultural Studies

The institute was established in 1996 for promoting applied research in policy studies.

Institute of Accounting Research

This institute was founded in 1948, for researching practice and theory of corporate accounting, tax, and legislation and/or regulation on business entities. In 1979, Chuo decided to separate it into two. A new Institute of Business Research succeeded research functions and the Institute of Accounting Research changed its function into research-based education in accounting. The institute offers various courses for students who would like to be qualified as CPA or tax accountant, or to became business professionals empowered by the knowledge of accounting.

21st Century Center of Excellence

"21st Century Center of Excellence" (COE) program is the Japanese government's special support program for establishing top research centers within research universities. Chuo had this support from 2002 to 2006 for its "Research on Security and Reliability in Electronic Society". Combining cryptographic technologies and other social engineering methods including legal studies, Chuo contributed to society on this matter.[2]

Famous alumni




Journalists, intellectuals




Arts and entertainment



  2. "21st Century Center of Excellence: Research on Security and Reliability in Electronic Society", Chuo University.
  3. "Usui returns to cabinet as justice minister", Japan Policy & Politics, 11 October, 1999. Here at The Free Library.
  4. "Hwang Jang-yop Holds Press Conference To Explain Why He Defected from North Korea". North Korea Special Weapons Nuclear, Biological, Chemical and Missile Proliferation News. Federation of American Scientists (152). 1997-07-21. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
  5. 平方正昭 [reading not known], "Orihara Kei", in Nihon shashinka jiten (日本写真家事典) / 328 Outstanding Japanese Photographers (Kyoto: Tankōsha, 2000; ISBN 4-473-01750-8), p.88. (Despite the English-language alternative title, only in Japanese.)

External links

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Coordinates: 35°42′29″N 139°44′56″E / 35.708143°N 139.748968°E / 35.708143; 139.748968

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