Christian Social People's Party

This article is about the Luxembourgish political party. For the defunct Liechtensteiner political party, see Christian-Social People's Party (Liechtenstein).
Christian Social People's Party
President Marc Spautz
General Secretary Laurent Zeimet
Founded 1944 (1944)
Headquarters 4 rue de l'Eau
Youth wing Christian Social Youth
Ideology Christian democracy[1]
Political position Centre-right[2]
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours Orange, Grey
Chamber of Deputies
23 / 60
European Parliament
3 / 6
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The Christian Social People's Party (Luxembourgish: Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei, French: Parti populaire chrétien social, German: Christlich Soziale Volkspartei), abbreviated to CSV or PCS, is the largest political party in Luxembourg. The party follows a Christian-democratic[3] ideology and, like most parties in Luxembourg, the CSV is strongly pro-European. The CSV is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and the Centrist Democrat International (CDI).

The CSV has been the largest party in the Chamber of Deputies since the party's formation, and currently holds 23 of 60 seats in the Chamber. Since the Second World War, every Prime Minister of Luxembourg has been a member of the CSV, with only two exceptions: Gaston Thorn (1974–1979), and Xavier Bettel (2013-). It holds three of Luxembourg's six seats in the European Parliament, as it has for 20 of the 30 years for which MEPs have been directly elected.

The President is Michel Wolter. However, the leading figure from the party is the former Prime Minister, Jean-Claude Juncker, who previously governed in coalition with the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) until the 2013 general election in Luxembourg.


The earliest roots of the CSV date back to the foundation of the Party of the Right on 16 January 1914.

In 1944, the Party of the Right was officially transformed into the CSV. The first elections after the Second World War took place in 1945; the party won 25 out of 51 seats, missing an absolute majority by a single seat.

From 1945 to 1974, the party was in government and gave Luxembourg the following Prime Ministers: Pierre Dupong, Joseph Bech, Pierre Frieden, and Pierre Werner. Mostly in a coalition with the Democratic Party (DP), it gave Luxembourg a certain economic and social stability.

In the 1950s, the party structure underwent a certain democratisation: the party's youth section (founded in 1953) and women's section received representation in the party's central organs.[4]

The party went into opposition for the first time in 1974, as the Democratic Party's Gaston Thorn became Prime Minister in coalition with the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP). In 1979, the party returned to government after its victory in the 1979 general election; Pierre Werner became PM.

In 1984, Jacques Santer became PM. He remained as such until 1995, when Jean-Claude Juncker became PM, with Santer meanwhile taking up the post of President of the European Commission

Following the 2013 general election, for the second time in its history the party went into opposition, as the Democratic Party's Xavier Bettel became Prime Minister in coalition with the LSAP and The Greens, making it the first time in Luxembourg's history that a three-party coalition government had been formed. This also marked the first time that The Greens were part of a governmental coalition.

Election results

Below are charts of the results that the Christian Social People's Party has secured in the Chamber of Deputies at each election. Timelines showing the number of seats and percentage of votes won are on the right.

Year Vote % Place Seats Place Cabinet
1945 44.7Increase 1st Increase 25 Increase 1st Yes
1948 36.3Decrease 2ndDecrease 22 Decrease 1st Yes
1951 42.1 Increase 1st Increase 21 Decrease 1st Yes
1954 42.4 1st Steady 26 Increase 1st Yes
1959 36.9 Decrease 1st Steady 21 Decrease 1st Yes
1964 33.3 Decrease 2nd Decrease 22 Increase 1st Yes
1968 35.2 Increase 1st Increase 21 Decrease 1st Yes
1974 27.6 Decrease 2nd Decrease 18 Decrease 1st No
1979 34.5 Increase 1st Increase 24 Increase 1st Yes
1984 34.9 Increase 1st Steady 25 Increase 1st Yes
1989 32.4 Decrease 1st Steady 22 Decrease 1st Yes
1994 30.3 Decrease 1st Steady 21 Decrease 1st Yes
1999 30.1 Decrease 1st Steady 19 Decrease 1st Yes
2004 36.1 Increase 1st Steady 24 Increase 1st Yes
2009 38.0 Increase 1st Steady 26 Increase 1st Yes
2013 33.6 Decrease 1st Steady 23 Decrease 1st No

Party Office-holders


General Secretaries

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Presidents of Christian Social People's Party in the Chamber of Deputies

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+ Died in office

Further reading

See also


  1. Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. Josep M. Colomer (24 July 2008). Comparative European Politics. Taylor & Francis. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-203-94609-1. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  3. Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 477. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  4. "Geschicht". Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  5. "François Biltgen". Service Information et Presse. 7 June 2006. Archived from the original on 9 July 2006. Retrieved 18 July 2006.
  6. New leader for the CSV
  7. (Luxembourgish) "Perséinlechkeeten aus der CSV". Christian Social People's Party. Retrieved 16 January 2009.
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