Cheryomushki District (Russian: райо́н Черёмушки, derived from "черёмуха", meaning "bird cherry tree"), formerly Brezhnevsky District, is a district of South-Western Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. Population: 102,619 (2010 Census); 89,264 (2002 Census).
The district is delimited by Nakhimovsky Avenue (north), Obrucheva Street (south), Sevastopolsky Avenue (east), Profsoyuznaya Street, and Vlasova Street (west). The district is mostly residential, with an industrial area near Kaluzhskaya metro station. It houses the Gazprom headquarters.
In 1956, the northern side of the district became a site of a massive, cheap housing construction and a microdistrict was built there. Cheryomushki became a common word for such housing projects. The Soviet-era buildings in this area were torn down in the 1990s-2000s and replaced with high-rises, also of standardized prefabricated concrete.
Following the death of leader Leonid Brezhnev, the district was renamed Brezhnevsky District (Брежневский район) in his honour. In 1989 the name was changed back to Cheryomushki.
In the early 1980s, the government built a number of better quality, brickwork apartment buildings that acquired a reputation of, by local standards, elite housing, ironically called Tsarskoye Selo (Царское село, Royal village). In the 1990s, it served as a nucleus of a massive new housing construction project between Garibaldi Street and Gazprom tower.
The western side of the district is accessible by the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line of the Moscow Metro (stations Profsoyuznaya to Kaluzhskaya). The eastern side is also accessible through the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line (Sevastopolskaya, Nakhimovsky Prospekt).
In popular culture
The Cheryomushki district was immortalized by Shostakovich in his immensely popular operetta Moscow, Cheryomushki. In the operetta, the cheap housing in the district is portrayed ironically as a 'dream come true' for Muscovites who had lost their houses in other, more traditional, parts of Moscow. The operetta satirizes the corruption and bureaucracy of the Soviet state through hilariously observed caricatures.
Cheryomushki is also prominently mentioned in the popular film The Irony of Fate, which is traditionally shown on New Year's Eve in Russia and other states of the former USSR. The key subplot of the film is the drab uniformity of Brezhnev era public architecture.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Boele, Otto (2011). "Remembering Brezhnev in the new millennium: Post-Soviet nostalgia and local identity in the city of Novorossiisk". The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review. 38: 3–29. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Contacts." Gazprom. Retrieved on 11 September 2011. "Location: 16 Nametkina St., Moscow, Russian Federation" - Address in Russian: "ул. Наметкина, 16, Москва, ГСП-7, 117997"
- "To contact us." Aero Rent. Retrieved on 9 September 2011. "Sevastopolsky prospekt, 28/1, Moscow, Russia 117209" - Address in Russian: "117209 г. Москва, Севастопольский проспект, д. 28, корпус 1"