Charles-Mathias Simons

Charles-Mathias Simons
Prime Minister of Luxembourg
In office
23 September 1853  26 September 1860
Monarch William III
Preceded by Jean-Jacques Willmar
Succeeded by Victor de Tornaco
Personal details
Born 27 March 1802
Bitburg, Prussia
Died 5 October 1874 (aged 72)
Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Political party Independent

Charles-Mathias Simons (27 March 1802 5 October 1874) was a Luxembourgian politician and jurist. He was the third Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for seven years, from 1853 until 1860.

He received his Doctorate of Laws in 1823 from the University of Liège. The year after, he registered at the bar of the court of first instance of Diekirch. In 1831 he was a delegate at the Belgian National Congress in Brussels, and helped to draft the new Belgian constitution.

In 1836-1837 he was a member of the provincial council, and in 1841 became a member of the Assembly of Estates. In 1843-1848 he was a member of the cabinet and in 1848 of the Assemblée constituante. From 1 August to 2 December 1848 he became Administrator-general of communal affairs in the de la Fontaine Ministry.

After the Willmar government had been deposed by the governor Prince Henry, at the wish of William III, Charles-Mathias Simons was appointed prime minister on 23 September 1853.

Simons' time as head of government saw the revision of the constitution of October 1856, which the King-Grand-Duke had pushed through against the wishes of the parliament, which strengthened his powers while curtailing those of the parliament, and which imposed the Council of State as a control mechanism on the already weakened parliament. This period also saw the opening of the first railway line in Luxembourg (4 October 1859) and the founding of the first banks, the Banque Internationale à Luxembourg and the Banque et Caisse d'Épargne de l'État.

Simons resigned on 26 September 1860, as opposition to his "coup d'état" government grew too strong in parliament after new elections.

From 1860 to 1874 he was a member of the Council of State and from 5 January 1869 until 5. January 1870 he was its president. He died on 5 October 1874 in Luxembourg City.

Political offices
Preceded by
Jean-Jacques Willmar
Prime Minister of Luxembourg
Succeeded by
Baron de Tornaco
Director-General for Foreign Affairs
Preceded by
Guillaume-Mathias Augustin
Director-General for Justice
Succeeded by
Édouard Thilges
Preceded by
G T I de la Fontaine
President of the Council of State
Succeeded by
François-Xavier Wurth-Paquet

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