CatSper2, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the CATSPER2 gene. CatSper2 is a member of the cation channels of sperm family of protein. The four proteins in this family together form a Ca2+-permeant ion channel specific essential for the correct function of sperm cells.
Calcium ions play a primary role in the regulation of sperm motility. This gene belongs to a family of putative cation channels that are specific to spermatozoa and localize to the flagellum. The protein family features a single repeat with six membrane-spanning segments and a predicted calcium-selective pore region. This gene is part of a tandem repeat on chromosome 15q15; the second copy of this gene is thought to be a pseudogene.
- Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (2002). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMC 139241. PMID 12477932.
- Zhang D, Chen J, Saraf A, et al. (2006). "Association of Catsper1 or -2 with Ca(v)3.3 leads to suppression of T-type calcium channel activity.". J. Biol. Chem. 281 (31): 22332–41. doi:10.1074/jbc.M511288200. PMID 16740636.
- Garbers DL (2001). "Ion channels. Swimming with sperm.". Nature. 413 (6856): 579, 581–2. doi:10.1038/35098164. PMID 11595929.
- Quill TA, Ren D, Clapham DE, Garbers DL (2001). "A voltage-gated ion channel expressed specifically in spermatozoa.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98 (22): 12527–31. doi:10.1073/pnas.221454998. PMC 60087. PMID 11675491.
- Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, et al. (2004). "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.". Nat. Genet. 36 (1): 40–5. doi:10.1038/ng1285. PMID 14702039.
- Clapham DE, Garbers DL (2005). "International Union of Pharmacology. L. Nomenclature and structure-function relationships of CatSper and two-pore channels.". Pharmacol. Rev. 57 (4): 451–4. doi:10.1124/pr.57.4.7. PMID 16382101.
This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.