Caisleán Cnucha
Suburb of Dublin

St Brigid's church, Castleknock
(Church of Ireland)

Location in Ireland

Coordinates: 53°22′26″N 6°21′32″W / 53.374°N 6.359°W / 53.374; -6.359Coordinates: 53°22′26″N 6°21′32″W / 53.374°N 6.359°W / 53.374; -6.359
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County Fingal County Council
Dáil Éireann Dublin West
EU Parliament Dublin
Elevation 63 m (207 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
  Urban 21,457
Postal district(s) Dublin 15
Dialing code 01, +353 1
Irish Grid Reference O078378

Castleknock (Irish: Caisleán Cnucha, meaning "Cnucha's Castle"[2]) is a suburb of Dublin and a civil parish in Fingal, Ireland. It is located 8 km (5 mi) west[3] of the centre of Dublin.

Location and access

Castleknock Village at the junction of Castleknock Road and College Road
Royal Canal at Castleknock

The village is located just inside the city's M50 motorway ring road, bordered to the west by the large suburb of Blanchardstown, to the east by the Phoenix Park, to the north by Dunsink and to the south by the village of Chapelizod above the Liffey valley. The N3 Navan Road also serves the area. The Royal Canal and the Dublin-Sligo railway line pass through the area from east to west.

The village of Castleknock is in the Dublin 15 postal area.

Rail connections

Castleknock Railway Station
September 2012

The Dublin Suburban Rail the Western Suburban Railway Line or Maynooth Line running from Dublin Connolly to Maynooth. Castleknock railway station opened on 2 July 1990.[4]


As part of the government's "Transport 21" strategy, a Metro line was planned, from the southern suburb of Tallaght, through the neighbourhood of Castleknock, to Dublin Airport. Quoting from the plans:

"The path of the Metro will first swing into Dublin 15 at the south end of Castleknock golf course and proceed past Porterstown playing pitches where it is hoped to have “minimal impact.” The stop at Porterstown will be directly above the current Maynooth train line allowing the potential in the future to integrate the two services. Another stop will be provided at the Millennium Park with the line going around the park’s perimeter rather than cutting through it as had originally been envisaged. It will then proceed around by McDonalds before its major stop in Dublin 15 adjacent to Draíocht, the Civic Offices, and the shopping centre. Its path will then continue around the Westend side of the shopping centre, past Westpoint where it will cross the Navan Road and go up the Snugborough Road."[5]


Public transport in Castleknock is provided by Dublin Bus routes 37 and 38. The 37 bus runs from Blanchardstown Town Centre to Wilton Terrace, Baggot Street. Also, The 38 bus runs from Burlington Rd. Towards Damastown and vice versa.


St. Brigid is the patron saint of the village.

Mythic Milesian period

"During the Milesian era Castleknock is named as one of twenty-five places at which Conmhaol of the race of Eber, while holding the sovereignty of Ireland, defeated in battle the descendants of Eremon,' and a Celtic writer mentions that Castleknock was sometimes known as duma meic Eremon, or the duma of the sons of Eremon.' The mention of a duma shows that there was at a very early time an eminence of note at Castleknock ; the duma may have been, Mr. Westropp observes, used for purposes of residence, sepulchre, or outlook, or, as in the case of Duma Selga, for all three."

In a poem relating to the earliest centuries after Christ the origin of the name Cnucha is connected with Conn of the Hundred Battles, and the name is said to have been borne by his foster-mother: —

The nurse of Conn who loved this strip of land
Was Cnucha of the comely head;
She dwelt on the dun with him
In the reign of Conn of the Hundred Fights.
Cnucha, the daughter of Concadh Cas,
From the land of Luimncach broad and green,
Died yonder in that house
To the horror of the Gaels.
The woman was buried, a grief it was.
In the very middle of the hill ;
So that from that on Cnucha
Is its name until the judgment.[6]

Feudal period

The Barony of Castleknock was originally a feudal lordship created in the 12th century for the Tyrell family; it passed by inheritance to the Burnell family. The first Baron, Hugh Tyrrel, gave lands in the barony at Kilmainham to the Knights of St. John who continue in the area today in the form of St. John Ambulance. Later, civil parishes, based on the boundaries of the Ecclesiastical parishes of the Established church were used to sub-divide the barony. This table[7] lists the nine civil parishes of the barony.

Name in Irish Name in English
An Barda Ward
Caisleán Cnucha Castleknock
Clochrán Cloghran
Cluain Saileach Clonsilla
Fionnghlas Finglas
Mullach Eadrad Mulhuddart
Paróiste San Iúd St. Jude's
Paróiste San Séamas St. James's
Séipéal Iosóid Chapelizod

Note 1: the entire barony lies north of the River Liffey. The parish of St Jude's,[8] which consists of six townlands, is situated on both banks of the Liffey. The only part of the parish that lies to the north of the Liffey is a field of 499 acres in the south-eastern corner of the Phoenix Park as well as a thin strip of 49 acres between the Chapelizod road and the river - the townland of Longmeadows. According to the 6 inch historical maps from the Ordnance Survey of Ireland that were created in 1829, no such parish exists. Only the later map of 1889, at a scale of 25 inches, displays the parish.

Civil parish

Within the civil parish of Castleknock, there are 22 townlands per the table below.[9] Like all civil parishes in Ireland, this civil parish is derived from, and co-extensive with, a pre-existing parish of the Church of Ireland. The core of the parish is centred on the townland and village of the same name. The townland at the northern extremity is Huntstown, not to be confused with Huntstown and Littlepace in the neighbouring parish of Clonsilla; to south it is bounded by the River Liffey and the Phoenix Park; to the west it is bounded by Coolmine railway station and Blanchardstown Shopping Centre; to the east lies the 8th lock of the Royal Canal and the Cabra Gate of the Phoenix Park.

For convenience, the table below groups the parish's townlands by their location in one of the modern local authority areas. Some townlands, however, straddle both areas.

Modern Local
Authority Area
Name in Gaelic Name in English Acres
Dublin City Baile an Ásaigh Ashtown (partly) 278
Baile Pheiléid Pelletstown 259
An Chabrach Cabra 457
Caisleán Cnucha (cuid de Pháirc an Fhionnuisce) Castleknock (part of Phoenix Park)
Fingal Baile an Aba Abbotstown[4 1] 101
Baile an Ásaigh Ashtown (partly)[4 2] 278
Baile an Chairpintéaraigh Carpenterstown[4 3] 166
Baile an Déanaigh Deanestown[4 4] 173
Baile an Diosualaigh Diswellstown[4 5] 418
Baile an Huntaigh Huntstown[4 6] 299
Baile an Phóirtéaraigh Porterstown[4 7] 219
Baile Bhlainséir Blanchardstown[4 8] 454
Baile Mhistéil Mitchelstown[4 9] 154
Baile Scriobail Scribblestown[4 10] 272
Baile Sheáin Johnstown[4 11] 67
An Chabrach Cabra 457
Caisleán Cnucha (cuid de Pháirc an Fhionnuisce) Castleknock
(part of Phoenix Park)
Ceapach Cappoge or Cappagh 698
Cnoc na gCaorach Sheephill 349
An Chorr Dhubh Corduff 353
Dún Sinche Dunsink 423
Páirc Anna Annfield 19
Snugborough Snugborough 53
Steach Gob Astagob 93

20th century

Castleknock was a rural village in western County Dublin until the late 1960s, when the first housing estates began to be developed. Castleknock developed in tandem with neighbouring settlement Blanchardstown, both of which grew rapidly from the early 1970s to the present. During the 1970s and 1980s, the village became subsumed into the suburban fabric of Dublin.

Planning controversies

Local representatives have criticised developments which they say are to the detriment of the local character and integrity of the village.[10]

In February 2010, there were concerns about the fate of the old post office when hoarding was erected around the site. However, "proposed work involves a high quality restoration of the building to its former state after many years during which it has remained vacant."[11]

Castleknock today


Amenities and businesses

Retail outlets

In the village proper may be found the Castleknock Village Centre, Castlecourt Shopping Centre and Ashleigh Centre shopping precincts which contain a variety of small local businesses and restaurants. The Post Office is located in the Castlecourt Shopping Centre (having previously been in the Castleknock Village Centre for many years).shops such as Spar and an off lisence are situated here

Note: the original Post Office is immediately to the left hand side of the two storey corner building visible in the photograph above.

The original Post Office was located directly opposite the Church in a row of about 6 semi-detached styled houses. This is where the P&T would collect all the post from. There was a small sorting office out the back with some mail bags being left in the shed when the PO was shut.

Health care

There are three Health Centres that serve Castleknock and, more generally, the Dublin 15 area, located at Riverside, Corduff and Roselawn.

State bodies

The National Food Centre is in Castleknock.


Primary schools

Secondary Schools

Castleknock College (2012)

Sports and community groups


Community groups

Religious institutions

St. Thomas the Apostle, Laurel Lodge

In the feudal period mentioned above, the civil parish was coterminous with the ecclesiastical parish. Following the changes of the Reformation, the effect of the Penal Laws and population changes, this is no longer the case. In the Roman Catholic Church, there are today six parishes that serve the same area: St.Mochta's Parish, Blanchardstown parish,[21] Castleknock parish,[22] Corduff parish, Laurel Lodge parish[23] and Navan Road parish. Merger, not sub-division, has been the practice of the Church of Ireland, both in Castleknock and nationally, due to dwindling numbers of adherents. This has resulted in the merger of three civil parishes to form the United Parishes of Castleknock and Mulhuddart with Clonsilla[24]

The list below groups the churches by congregation in the parish[25]

Roman Catholic
St Philip, the Apostle (Mountview)
The Oratory (Blanchardstown)
Sacred Heart of Jesus (Huntstown)
Mary, Mother of Hope, chapel of ease (Littlepace)
Our Lady, Mother of the Church (Castleknock)
St Mochta's (Porterstown)
St Thomas, the Apostle parish, Laurel Lodge
St Brigid's (Blanchardstown)
St Patrick's (Corduff)
St Mary of the Servants (Blakestown)
Our Lady Help of Christians (Navan Road)
Church of Ireland
St Brigid's (Castleknock)
St Mary's (Clonsilla)
St Thomas's (Mulhuddart)
Protestant - other
Christ Faith Tabernacle (Rosemount)
Dublin West Community Church (Blanchardstown)
Acting Faith Ministries (Coolmine)
Baptist (Riversdale)
Methodist (Tyrellstown)
Cherubim & Seraphim Prince of Peace (Rosemount)
New Covenant church (Ballycoolin)
Open Door Christian Fellowship (Blanchardstown)
General Foundation Apostolic Church in Christ (Mulhuddart)
Non Trinitarian
Church Of Latter Day Saints - Clonsilla

Government and representation

Castleknock is located in the "Castleknock ward" for the purposes of elections to Fingal County Council (following the abolition of County Dublin as an administrative division of the state).[26] In the 2009 local elections, the following candidates were elected to the four seats (with percentage share of first preference vote): Joe Higgins (Socialist Party) 28.07%, Eithne Loftus (Fine Gael) 22.45%, Peggy Hamill (Labour) 16.32% and Mags Murray (Fianna Fáil) 12.44%.[27]

Castleknock is in the Dublin West (Dáil Éireann constituency) and in Dublin (European Parliament constituency).


See also

External links


From "Irish placenames database". (in English and Irish). Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 

  1. "Abbotstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  2. "Ashtown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  3. "Carpenterstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  4. "Deanestown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  5. "Diswellstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  6. "Huntstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  7. "Porterstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  8. "Blanchardstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  9. "Mitchelstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  10. "Scribblestown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  11. "Johnstown |". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  1. "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
  2. Geographic co-ordinates from GPO to Post Office in Castleknock: from 53.349501,-6.260287 to 53.373024,-6.362393
  3. "Castleknock station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
  4. Community Voice - Metro
  6. "'Castleknock'". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  7. "'St judes'". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  8. "'Castleknock'". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  9. Joan Burton, a Teachta Dála (TD) for the area, has criticised the recent decision of An Bord Pleanala regarding the "Uxbridge" planning application. “The decision by An Bord Pleanala to overrule the recommendations of its Inspector in relation to the planning application in Castleknock Village, behind the old Church of Ireland houses, is extremely disappointing. It is difficult to understand why An Bord Pleanala would give the go-ahead for such a high density development at this point in time, when the country is awash with unsold houses and over-development has been such a significant factor in the banking collapse and indeed in the collapse of the construction industry." Uxbridge development Another TD for the area, Leo Varadkar (Fine Gael), who, together with his party colleague Cllr. Eithne Loftus held a large public meeting on the matter last year, said “we are firmly committed to the sustainable and realistic development of Castleknock Village which preserves its character. Unfortunately, this development goes against all of that and will increase traffic in the village, cause spill-over parking problems in residential estates and will be an eye-sore." Uxbridge - Fine Gael position
  10. Development of old post office
  11. Church of Ireland - history
  12. Irish Times - Farmleigh in 2010
  14. Map of Schools in Fingal County Council,17834,en.pdf
  15. Community Voice - GAA at Somerton
  17. Order of Malta Castleknock
  18. Community Voice, Carpenterstown residents’ association launch new website.
  19. Castleknock Community Centre website.
  20. "Our Parish - Blanchardstown Parish". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  21. "Our Parish - Our Lady of the Church - Parish of Castleknock". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  22. "Home". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  23. "Parish of Castleknock and Mulhuddart with Clonsilla". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  24. "Dublin Churches". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  25. Local Government Act, 2001 Part one, schedule five, pp195.
  26. Local elections 2009
  27. "Castleknock Gaa Club". Web Design Dublin by Webtrade. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
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