Casimir Pulaski Day
|Casimir Pulaski Day|
|Observed by||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|Type||Chicago city holiday|
|Date||First Monday in March|
|2015 date||March 2|
|2016 date||March 7|
|2017 date||March 6|
|2018 date||March 5|
|Related to||General Pulaski Memorial Day|
Casimir Pulaski Day is a local holiday officially observed in Chicago, Illinois on the first Monday of every March in memory of Casimir Pulaski (March 6, 1745 – October 11, 1779), a Revolutionary War cavalry officer born in Poland as Kazimierz Pułaski. He is praised for his contributions to the U.S. military in the American Revolution and known as "the father of the American cavalry".
The day is celebrated mainly in areas that have large Polish populations, such as Chicago and Bloomington and DuBois. The focus of official commemorations of Casimir Pulaski Day in Chicago is at the Polish Museum of America where various city and state officials congregate to pay tribute to Chicago's Polish Community.
Illinois enacted a law on September 13, 1977, to celebrate the birthday of Casimir Pulaski and held the first official Pulaski Day celebrations in 1978. The bill was introduced by State Senator Norbert A. Kosinski, a Democrat from Chicago, and signed by Thomas Hynes, President of the Senate, on June 26, 1977. Cook County government offices, the Chicago Public Library, and statewide public and private schools are closed on this holiday.
Section 118.02 of the Wisconsin Statutes provides that, "...when school is held or, if the day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, on a school day immediately preceding or following the respective day, the day shall be appropriately observed...." The use of "shall" denotes this as a mandatory requirement. Each public school in Wisconsin must observe Casimir Pulaski Day on March 4. How the day is observed — "appropriately" — allows for some discretion among the schools.
Buffalo, New York also acknowledges a "Pulaski Day," which is held in the middle of July, and is celebrated with an annual parade.
On November 6, 2009, President Barack Obama signed a joint resolution of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives making Pulaski an honorary American citizen, 230 years after his death. He is one of eight people to be granted honorary United States citizenship.
Grand Rapids, Michigan hosts a "Pulaski Days" celebration annually on the first full weekend of October in recognition of General Pulaski and the Polish culture in general.
In popular culture
Michigan-born songwriter Sufjan Stevens titled a song "Casimir Pulaski Day" on his album Illinois. The song interweaves his memories of a girlfriend's battle with bone cancer with an account of the holiday as indicated by the lyric: "... in the morning, in the winter shade, on the first of March, on the holiday, I thought I saw you breathing."
Chicago-based alternative hip-hop artist Kidd Russell titled a song "Pulaski Day" produced by Cisco Adler. The single was released on Pulaski Day 2012, and was featured on the front page of Vevo. The video has a cameo from professional wrestler Colt Cabana. The song is an uptempo track that features lyrics about Chicago in the summer time ... "north beach in the summer time, lake shore drive is on my mind, no matter where I go, the city has my soul, Pulaski Day, Pulaski Day, We are going to party like Pulaski Day!"
In "Gilmore Girls", season 3, episode 14 entitled, "Swan Song" and season 4, episode 16 entitled, "The Reigning Lorelai", there is a statue of Casimir Pulaski in the town square. In the middle of the season 4 episode, Nicole and Luke are seen fighting outside right in front of the statue.
In the Season 3 episode of The West Wing entitled "Stirred", Pulaski is mentioned, and US President Jed Bartlett describes him as "a Polish Brigadier General who vanquished the Russian and Prussian military, then came to the colonies and commanded our cavalry during the American Revolution".
- Father Stanislaw Makarewicz (1998), Peter Obst and Alexandra Medvec, "The Four Birth Records of Kazimierz Pulaski", Archiwa, Biblioteki i Muzea Koscielne, The Catholic University of Lublin (KUL), 70, retrieved March 4, 2009
- "Wisconsin Legislature: 118.02". docs.legis.wisconsin.gov. Retrieved 2015-08-05.
- Popiolkowski, Joseph (July 18, 2010). Polish heritage celebrated during Pulaski Day parade. The Buffalo News. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 16, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-01.