Carlos Saura in Calanda (2008)
Carlos Saura Atarés|
4 January 1932
|Occupation||Film director, screenwriter, photographer|
|Relatives||Antonio Saura (brother)|
Carlos Saura Atarés (born 4 January 1932) is a Spanish film director, photographer and writer from Aragon. His name, with those of Luis Buñuel and Pedro Almodóvar forms a triad of Spain’s most renowned filmmakers. He has a long and prolific career that expands for over half a century. A great numbers of his films have won many international awards.
Saura began his career in 1955 making documentaries shorts. He quickly gained international prominence when his first feature length film premiered at Cannes in 1960. Although he started filming as a neo-realist, Saura quickly switched to films encoded with metaphors and symbolisms in order to get around the Spanish censors. In 1966, he was thrust into the international spotlight when his film La caza won the Silver Bear at Berlin. In the following years he forged an international reputation for his cinematic treatment of emotional and spiritual responses to repressive political conditions.
By the 1970s, Saura was the best known filmmaker working in Spain. His film employed complex narrative devices and were frequently controversial. He won Special Jury Awards for La prima Angélica (1973) and Cría cuervos (1975) in Cannes; and an Oscar nomination for Best Foreign Film in 1979 for Mama cumple 100 años. In the 1980s he was in the spotlight for his Flamenco trilogy – Blood wedding, Carmen, and Love Bewitched. He continued to appear in world wide competitions earning numerous awards. He received Oscar nominations for Carmen (1983) and Tango (1993). His films are sophisticated expression of time and space fusing reality with fantasy, past with present and memory with hallucination. In the last two decades, Saura has concentrated in works uniting music, dance and images.
Saura was born in Huesca, Aragón, Spain on 4 January 1932. His father, Antonio Saura Pacheco, who came from Murcia, was an attorney and civil servant. His mother, Fermina Atares Torrente, was a concert pianist. The second of their four children, Carlos had two younger sisters Pilar and Angeles and an older brother Antonio Saura, who became a well known abstract expressionist painter. From their parents, the four siblings received a liberal understanding education. Because his father was working for the ministry of interior, the Saura family moved to Barcelona, Valencia and in 1953 to Madrid. Saura’s childhood was marked by the Spanish Civil War, during which Franco and his allies rebelled against the established republican government. Saura has vivid recollection of his childhood during the war, some of them later evoked in his films – the games he played, and the songs he sang, as well as darker memories of bombing and hunger, blood and death. He was taught to read by a priest – a relative whom his parents sheltered from anticlerical extremist. At the war’s end Saura was separated from his parents and sent back to live with his maternal grandmother and aunts in Huesca. He described these relatives as “right wings and very religious” who imposed in the child the very antithesis of the kind of liberal education he had received in the republican zone.
In 1957-1958, Saura created his first film (Cuenca). In 1962 his film Los Golfos was recognized for its strong sociological impact in the betterment of the Spanish youth by tackling juvenile delinquency in Madrid's poorest districts. Four years later (1966), he was honored at the 16th Berlin International Film Festival, where he received the Silver Bear for Best Director for his film La caza. In 1967, his film Peppermint Frappé also received the Silver Bear for Best Director at the 18th Berlin International Film Festival. He won the Golden Bear in 1981 at the 31st Berlin International Film Festival for his film Deprisa, Deprisa.
The films La prima Angélica (Cousin Angélica) of 1973 and Cría cuervos (Raising Ravens [from the Spanish phrase: Cria cuervos y te sacaran los ojos (Raise ravens and they will peck out your eyes)]) of 1975 received the special prize of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival. His film Mama cumple 100 años (Mom is celebrating her 100 years) was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 1980 Academy Awards.
Saura later become known for movies featuring flamenco and other traditional dances. His Flamenco Trilogy of the 1980s includes Bodas de Sangre (Blood Wedding), Carmen, and El amor brujo featuring the work of Spanish flamenco dancer Cristina Hoyos. He later made the movies Flamenco (1995), Tango (1998), and Fados (2007).
Saura considers his film on surrealist master Luis Buñuel to be his best cinematic work. In an interview to an online film magazine, he says about Buñuel y la mesa del rey Salomón (Buñuel and the table of King Solomon -2001): “That’s the greatest film I’ve ever made. I like the film but nobody else seems to like it. I’m sure Buñuel would have loved this film. But perhaps only he would have loved it. Everything you see in the film is actually based on conversations I had with him.”
In 2013, he was given a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 18th International Film Festival of Kerala.
Carlos Saura was married three times. He first married Adela Medrano in Barcelona in 1957. They had two sons, Carlos (b. 1958) and Antonio (b. 1960). On 27 December 1982 he married Mercedes Pérez. They had three sons, Manuel (b. 1980), Adrián (b. 1984) and Diego (b. 1987).
Between those two marriages, Saura had at least one known son, Shane (b. 1974), with the actress Geraldine Chaplin. His relationship history led some to believe he may have fathered more children. He is also the father of a daughter named Ana (b. December 1994) from his third marriage to actress Eulalia Ramón.
- 1955 : Flamenco (short film)
- 1956 : El Pequeño río Manzanares (short film)
- 1957 : La Tarde del domingo (short film)
- 1958 : Cuenca
- 1959 : Los golfos
- 1963 : Llanto por un bandido
- 1965 : La caza
- 1967 : Peppermint Frappé
- 1968 : Stress-es tres-tres
- 1969 : La madriguera
- 1970 : El jardín de las delicias
- 1972 : Ana and the Wolves
- 1973 : La prima Angélica
- 1975 : Cría cuervos
- 1977 : Elisa, vida mía
- 1978 : Los ojos vendados
- 1979 : Mamá cumple cien años
- 1980 : Deprisa, Deprisa
- 1981 : Bodas de Sangre
- 1982 : Sweet Hours
- 1982 : Antonieta
- 1983 : Carmen
- 1984 : Los Zancos
- 1986 : El amor brujo
- 1988 : El Dorado
- 1989 : La Noche oscura
- 1990 : ¡Ay, Carmela!
- 1992 : El Sur
- 1992 : Marathon
- 1992 : Sevillanas
- 1993 : ¡Dispara!
- 1995 : Flamenco
- 1997 : Taxi
- 1997 : Pajarico
- 1998 : Tango
- 1999 : Goya en Burdeos
- 2001 : Buñuel y la mesa del rey Salomón
- 2002 : Salomé
- 2004 : El séptimo día
- 2005 : Iberia
- 2007 : Fados
- 2008 : Sinfonía de Aragón (short film)
- 2009 : I, Don Giovanni
- 2010 : Flamenco, Flamenco
- 2015 : Zonda, folclore argentino
- 2016 : J: Beyond Flamenco
Selected awards and nominations
- 1980 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Mamá cumple 100 años.
- 1984 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Carmen.
- 1999 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Tango.
- 1983 - Won: BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Language Film - Carmen.
- 1964 - Nominated: Golden Berlin Bear - Llanto por un bandido.
- 1966 - Won: Silver Bear for Best Director at the 16th Berlin International Film Festival for his film La caza.
- 1966 - Nominated: Golden Berlin Bear - La caza.
- 1968 - Won: Silver Bear for Best Director at the 18th Berlin International Film Festival for his film Peppermint Frappé.
- 1968 - Nominated: Golden Berlin Bear - Peppermint Frappé.
- 1969 - Nominated: Golden Berlin Bear - La madriguera.
- 1981 - Won: Golden Bear at the 31st Berlin International Film Festival for his film Deprisa, deprisa.
- 1989 - Nominated: Golden Berlin Bear - La noche oscura.
- 1998 - Won: Special Award (Film Direction with a Special Visual Sensitivity).
- 2009 - Won: Cinematographer-Director Duo Award (shared with Vittorio Storaro).
- 1960 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Los golfos.
- 1973 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Ana y los lobos.
- 1974 - Won: Jury Prize at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival for his film La prima Angélica.
- 1974 - Nominated: Golden Palm - La prima Angélica.
- 1976 - Won: Grand Prix of the Jury at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival for his film Cría cuervos...
- 1976 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Cría cuervos....
- 1977 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Elisa, vida mía.
- 1978 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Los ojos vendados.
- 1983 - Won: Technical Grand Prize at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival for his film Carmen.
- 1983 - Won: Award for Best Artistic Contribution at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival for his film Carmen.
- 1983 - Nominated: Golden Palm - Carmen.
- 1988 - Nominated: Golden Palm - El Dorado.
- 2004 - Won: Lifetime Achievement Award.
- 2008 - Nominated: Best Documentary Award - Fados.
- 1978 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Cría cuervos...
- 1984 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Carmen.
- 1999 - Nominated: Best Foreign Language Film - Tango.
- 1991 - Won: Goya Award for Best Director - ¡Ay, Carmela!.
- 1991 - Won: Goya Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (shared with Rafael Azcona) - ¡Ay, Carmela!.
- 2005 - Nominated: Best Director - El 7º día.
- 2006 - Nominated: Best Documentary - Iberia.
- 2008 - Nominated: Best Documentary - Fados.
- 1982 - Won: Special Prize of the Jury - Bodas de sangre.
- 2000 - Won: Special Prize for Outstanding Contribution to World Cinema.
- 1983 - Won: Most Popular Film of the Festival - Carmen.
- 1986 - Won: Prix Special du Festival for his trilogy (Bodas de sangre, Carmen, El amor brujo), on the occasion of the presentation of El amor brujo.
- 1995 - Won: Grand Prix Special des Amériques ("On the occasion of the centennial of cinema, for his exceptional contribution to the cinematographic art").
- 1997 - Won: Best Director - Pajarico.
- 1997 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - Pajarico.
- 1999 - Won: Prize of the Ecumenical Jury - Goya en Burdeos.
- 1999 - Won: Best Artistic Contribution - Goya en Burdeos.
- 1999 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - Goya en Burdeos.
- 2002 - Won: Best Artistic Contribution - Salomé.
- 2002 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - Salomé.
- 2004 - Won: Best Director - El 7º día.
- 2004 - Nominated: Grand Prix des Amériques - El 7º día.
- 1958 - Won: Special Mention - Cuenca.
- 1979 - Won: Special Prize of the Jury - Mamá cumple cien años.
- 1996 - Nominated: Golden Seashell - Taxi.
- 2001 - Nominated: Golden Seashell - Buñuel y la mesa del rey Salomón.
- 1968 - Nominated: Golden Lion - Stress-es tres-tres.
- 1984 - Nominated: Golden Lion - Los zancos.
- 1993 - Nominated: Golden Lion - ¡Dispara!.
Other awards and honours
- 1977 - Won: Prix Léon Moussinac - Best Foreign Film at the French Syndicate of Cinema Critics for his film Cría cuervos...
- 1984 - Won: Best European Film at the 1984 Bodil Awards for his film Carmen.
- 1985 - Won: Guild Film Award - Silver: Foreign Film at the Guild of German Art House Cinemas for his film Carmen.
- 1991 - Won: ADIRCAE Award - Best Director for his film ¡Ay, Carmela!.
- 1999 - Won: Jules Verne Award at the Nantes Spanish Film Festival for his film Pajarico.
- 1999 - Won: SDFCS Award - Best Foreign Language Film at the San Diego Film Critics Society Awards for his film Tango.
- 1999 - Won: Lifetime Achievement Award at the Los Angeles Latino International Film Festival.
- 2002 - Won: Lifetime Achievement Award at the Istanbul International Film Festival.
- 2002 - Won: Special Career Award at the Fantasporto.
- 2007 - Won: International Award at the Barcelona Film Awards.
- 2008 - Won: International Lifetime Achievement Award at the Bombay International Film Festival.
- 2011 - Won: Special Award for Lifetime Achievement at the Fotogramas de Plata.
- 2013 - Won: Lifetime Achievement Award at the International Film Festival of Kerala.
- 2015 - Won: Premio Feroz de Honor.
- 2016 - Won: Special Prizes for An Outstanding Contribution To The World Cinema at the Moscow International Film Festival.
- Cinema Writers Circle Awards, Spain
- 1970 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - La madriguera.
- 1977 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - Cría cuervos...
- 1978 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - Elisa, vida mía.
- 1984 - Won: CEC Award; Best Director - Carmen.
- Sant Jordi Awards
- 1967 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - La caza.
- 1968 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - Peppermint Frappé.
- 1972 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - El jardín de las delicias.
- 1975 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - La prima Angélica.
- 2000 - Won: Sant Jordi; Best Film - Goya en Burdeos.
- "Berlinale: 1966 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
- "Berlinale: 1968 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
- "Berlinale: 1981 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- "Berlinale: 1989 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- "Camera is My Memory: Carlos Saura". DearCinema.com, 2008-04-16. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- "Spanish director Carlos Saura to get Lifetime Achievement Award at Mumbai Fest". DearCinema.com, 2008-02-22. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- "IFFK award for Spanish filmmaker". The Hindu, 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- Silvia Calado: Carlos Saura, director of ‘Flamenco’ Interview: “I struggle to open up new and daring pathways for flamenco”. Archived December 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Flamenco-World.com, May 2005. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Carlos Saura at the Internet Movie Database
- Official Webpage in Spanish
- Carlos Saura. Film. Biography and works. Spain in culture: official Website of Culture in Spain. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Paul Julian Smith: Cría cuervos...: The Past Is Not Past. DearCinema.com, 13 August 2007. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Linda M. Willem (2003). Carlos Saura: Interviews (Conversations with Filmmakers). University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-494-5.
- Carlos Saura - El poder de la palabra (Spanish)