Captain 1st rank

This article is about the OF-5 rank Kapitan 1st rank in Russia and some other post-Soviet states. For the equivalent rank in Anglophone naval forces see Captain (naval); in Germany see Kapitän zur See or Kommodore. It should not be mixed up to the Commodore (rank), often regarded as a one-star rank with a NATO code of OF-6.
Kapitan 1st rank
in the Russian navy


(shoulder board)    (sleeve insignia)
Rank insignia Russian Navy
Introduction 1971
Rank group Staff officer
Army / Air Force Polkovnik

Kapitan 1st rank (Russian: Капитан 1-го ранга; literal: captain of the 1-st rank) is in the Navy of the Russian Federation the designation to the most senior rank in the staff officer´s career group. The rank is equivalent to Polkovnik in Army and Air Force. The rank might be comparable to Captain (naval) (OF-5) in Anglophone/NATO naval forces.

The rank was introduced in Russia by Peter the Great in 1713. By decision of the so-called Military navy commission (ru: Воинская морскaя комиссия) in 1732 the sequence of Kapitan ranks was abolished. However, until 1752 the grade rank Kapitan 1st rank was corresponding to Fleet kapitan (ru: Флота капитан). Finally, the Kapitan ranks were reintroduced September 5 (16), 1751. The Red Army introduced the Kapitan 1st rank rank in 1935, together with a number of other former Russian ranks, and it has been used in many ex-USSR countries, including Russia, to the present day.

Soviet Navy and Russian Federation

The first OF-5 equivalent rank in the Soviet Navy (from 1918 to 1935) was Ship komandir 1st rank, also Ship commander 1st rank, (ru: Командир корабля 1-ого ранга; literal: Commander of the ship 1st rank).

This particular rank was introduced by disposal of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union and the Council of People's Commissars, from September 22, 1935.[1]

Pertaining to Engineer aboard of war ships the equivalent rank designation in the Soviet Navy was Kapitan 1st rank-engineer. Any other naval personnel of OF-5 on-shore assignments (e.g. medical service, chemical defence, marines, and naval aviation) have been entitled Polkovnik.

In the navy of the Russian Federation there are three ranks in the staff officer´s (until 1917: stab-ofizer, derived from German Stabsoffizier) career group, which means:

Sequence of ranks in Russian Federation´s navy
junior rank:
Kapitan 2nd rank

Kapitan 1st rank
senior rank:

Types of rank insignia Kapitan 1st rank and naval equivalents

Imperial Russian Navy

Soviet Navy

Russian Navy
1st rank


1st rang


1st rank

1st rank

... parade
... parade
... parade
to white shirt
... everyday
... parade
(since 2010)

See also


This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
  1. Decree of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union and the Council of People's Commissars, from September 22, 1935, on introduction of individual military rank designation to commanding personnel of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army.
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