Cannabis in Wisconsin
Cannabis in Wisconsin is illegal with the exception of non-psychoactive medical CBD oil, and even first-time possession of any quantity is a misdemeanor with up to six months of incarceration, and repeated possession a felony.
CBD oil was legalized in 2014, but under tight controls and for a very limited number of conditions, primary seizures.
The Rens Hemp Company of Brandon, Wisconsin, closed in 1958, the last legal hemp producer nationwide in operation following the World Wars. Prior to its 1957 shutdown, Rens had been the primary provider of hemp rope for the United States Navy.
The 1939 legislation "161.275 Possession and use of marijuana; penalty" stated that the penalty for "growing, cultivating, mixing, compounding, having control of, preparing, possessing, using, prescribing, selling, administering or dispensing marijuana or hemp" would be no less than one year and no more than two years in the state prison.
2014 CBD legalization
In April 2014, 2013 Assembly Bill 726 was passed as Wisconsin Act 267 (titled a month later as "Lydia's Law") by an Assembly voice vote and unanimous Senate vote of 33–0, and enacted on 16 April 2014. The bill was criticized as being largely symbolic, as in order to gain support for passage its sponsors added a clause specifying that CBD oil must have FDA approval to be prescribed; prior to that clause the bill had support in the Assembly but was stalled in the Senate. Lacking FDA approval, or a complex series of steps to allow trial usage, Wisconsin doctors are not allowed to prescribe CBD. As of May 2015, CBD advocates stated that they could not find a doctor in Wisconsin willing to prescribe CBD. In mid-2015, a state legislator proposed an amendment to remove penalties for possession of CBD oil, negating prescription requirements, but the amendment still would not provide a legal way to create or obtain CBD oil.
Menominee Indian Reservation
In August 2015 the Menominee Indian Reservation held a vote on proposed measures to legalize medical and/or recreational cannabis. The Menonimee are uniquely placed in the state, as the only American Indian reservation which falls only under federal law, rather than under Wisconsin Public Law 280 like all other reservations in the state, meaning that the state of Wisconsin cannot prevent legal changes within the sovereign reservation.
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- United States. Dept. of Agriculture (1910). Report of the Secretary of Agriculture. The Department. p. 77.
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- John Roulac (1 January 1997). Hemp Horizons: The Comeback of the World's Most Promising Plant. Chelsea Green Pub. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-930031-93-0.
- Wisconsin (1939). Wisconsin Statutes, 1939: Printed Pursuant to the Provisions of Section 35.18 of These Statutes, and Embracing All General Statutes in Force at the Close of the General Session of 1939. Legislative Reference Bureau. pp. 1893–. STANFORD:36105064280782.
- WSAW Staff. "Gov. Walker Renaming Wisconsin Act 267 "Lydia's Law" in Honor of Girl, 7". Wsaw.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- Ferguson, Dana (2014-06-16). "Law allowing marijuana derivative for treatment of seizures remains unused". Jsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- MARK SCHAAF Racine Journal-Times (2015-04-20). "'Lydia's Law' passes, but treatment still elusive (copy) : Wsj". Host.madison.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- REP. MELISSA SARGENT (Democratic Wisconsin Assembly member) (2015-04-13). "Rep. Melissa Sargent: Marijuana legalization must happen in Wisconsin : Ct". Host.madison.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- Marley, Patrick (2015-04-13). "Democratic legislator to introduce bill legalizing pot". Jsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- Spivak, Cary (2015-08-16). "Menominee tribe prepares for vote on legalizing marijuana". Jsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- "Dane County State Legalization of Marijuana Referendum, Question 2 (April 2014)". Ballotpedia.com. April 4, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2015.