Canada 2016 Census

27th Census of Canada

Statistics Canada's visual identifier for
its 2016 Census of Population
General information
Country Canada
Date taken May 10, 2016 (official census day)
Total population to be determined
Percent change to be determined
Most populous province/territory to be determined
Least populous province/territory to be determined

The Canada 2016 Census is a currently ongoing (May 2016) detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. The census, to be conducted by Statistics Canada is Canada's seventh quinquennial census.[N 1] Statistics Canada has identified May 10, 2016, as the official census day and census web access codes began arriving in the mail on May 2, 2016.[2] The 2016 census marked the reinstatement of the mandatory long-form census, which had been dropped in favour of the voluntary National Household Survey for the 2011 census.[3]

By response rate of 98.4% this census is said to be the best one ever recorded since 1666 census of New France.[4][5]


Consultation with census data users, clients, stakeholders and other interested parties closed in November 2012. Qualitative content testing, which involved soliciting feedback regarding the questionnaire and tests responses to its questions, was scheduled for the fall of 2013, with more extensive testing occurring in May 2014. Statistics Canada was scheduled to submit its census content recommendations for review by the Parliament of Canada in December 2014 for subsequent final approval by the Cabinet of Canada.[6]

On November 5, 2015, during the first Liberal caucus meeting after forming a majority government, the party announced that it would reinstate the mandatory[7] long-form census,[8] starting in 2016. By early January 2016, Statistics Canada had announced a need for 35,000 people to complete this survey to commence in May.[9]

Data release schedule

The release dates for geography products from the 2016 Census are:[10]

  • November 16, 2016, for boundary files (first edition), road network files, hydrography files, reference maps (first edition), attribute information products (correspondence files), and reference guides and documents (first edition); and
  • February 8, 2017, for boundary files (second edition), reference maps (second edition), attribute information products (GeoSuite and geographic attribute file), and reference guides and documents (second edition).

The release dates for data by release topic from the 2016 Census are:[10]

  • February 8, 2017, for population and dwelling counts;
  • May 3, 2017, for age and sex, type of dwelling;
  • May 10, 2017, for Census of Agriculture;
  • August 2, 2017, for language and families, households and marital status;
  • September 13, 2017, for income;
  • October 25, 2017, for immigration and ethnocultural diversity, housing and Aboriginal peoples; and
  • November 29, 2017, for education, labour, journey to work, language of work and mobility and migration.


Portions of Canada's three territories and remote areas within Alberta, Labrador, Manitoba, Quebec and Saskatchewan were subject to early enumeration between February 1, 2016, and March 31, 2016.[11] Enumeration of the balance of Canada began on May 2, 2016, with the unveiling of the online census questionnaire,[12] eight days prior to the official census day of May 10, 2016.[13] Because of a wildfire in early May in northeast Alberta, Statistics Canada suspended enumeration efforts in the Fort McMurray area with alternate means to collect data from its evacuated residents to be determined at a later date.[14] Shortly after re-entry, residents were encouraged to complete their census form online or over the phone; however door-to-door enumeration continues to be suspended.[15]

Public response

Non-binary activists expressed concern that the choice between "male" and "female" on the "sex" question left them with no valid options.[16] In response, Statistics Canada stated that "Respondents who cannot select one category ... can leave the question blank and indicate, in the Comments section at the end of the questionnaire, the reason(s) for which they’ve chosen to leave this question unanswered."[17] Statistics Canada stated that they intend to analyze these comments but that because of the technical difficulties of analyzing free-form text, this analysis will not be released on the same schedule as the binary gender data.[17]

See also


  1. Canada's first quinquennial census was conducted in 1956.[1]


  1. "Overview of the Census: Census year 2011" (PDF). Statistics Canada. April 2012. p. 4. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  2. "Statistics Canada on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2016-05-02.
  3. "Liberal gov't restores mandatory long-form census". CTV News. November 5, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
  4. "'Best census ever' in 2016, StatsCan says". Retrieved 2016-08-30.
  5. "2016 Census". Statistics Canada.
  6. "2016 Census Program Content Consultation Guide: Census year 2016" (PDF). Statistics Canada. p. 10. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  7. Berthiaume, Lee. "The long-form census is back – with penalties still possible if you ignore it". Ottawa Citizen.
  8. "Liberals can restore long-form census for 2016, if they act quickly, observers say". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 28, 2015.
  9. Tencer, Daniel (January 5, 2016). "Statistics Canada Hiring 35,000 For 2016 Census That Will Replace Harper's Voluntary Survey". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  10. 1 2 "2016 Census Program release schedule". Statistics Canada. February 23, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  11. "Early enumeration jobs". Statistics Canada. April 29, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  12. "The 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. April 29, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  13. "2016 Census questions". Statistics Canada. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  14. "Statistics Canada suspends Census collection in Fort McMurray area". Statistics Canada. May 5, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  15. "Update on Census collection in the Fort McMurray area". Statistics Canada. June 17, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  16. "Neither male nor female, transgender student calls for 3rd option on census form". Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  17. 1 2 Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Who is included in the census?". Retrieved May 3, 2016.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 8/31/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.