Camagüey municipality (red) within
Camagüey Province (yellow) and Cuba
Location of Camagüey in Cuba
|Coordinates: 21°23′2″N 77°54′27″W / 21.38389°N 77.90750°WCoordinates: 21°23′2″N 77°54′27″W / 21.38389°N 77.90750°W|
|• Total||1,106 km2 (427 sq mi)|
|Elevation||95 m (312 ft)|
|• Density||290/km2 (750/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||+53 322|
|Official name||Historic Centre of Camagüey|
|Region||Latin America and the Caribbean|
Camagüey (Spanish pronunciation: [kamaˈɣwej]) is a city and municipality in central Cuba and is the nation's third largest city with more than 321,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of the Camagüey Province.
After almost continuous attacks from pirates the original city (founded as Santa María del Puerto del Príncipe around 1515 on the northern coast) was moved inland in 1528.
The new city was built with a confusing lay-out of winding alleys. There are many blind alleys and forked streets that lead to squares of different sizes. One explanation is that this was done by design, to make the city easier to defend from any raiders; by the same version, the reason that there is only one exit from the city was that should pirates ever return and succeed in entering the city, it would be possible for local inhabitants to entrap and kill them. However, locals dispute this reasoning as a myth, asserting that in truth the city developed without planning, and that winding streets developed out of everybody wanting to stay close to their local church (the city has 15 of them).
The symbol of the city of Camagüey is the clay pot or tinajón, used to capture rain water to be used later, keeping it fresh. Clay pots are everywhere, some as small as a hand, some large enough for two people to stand up in, either as monuments or for real use. Local legend has it that if you drink water from a girl's personal tinajón, you will fall in love with the girl and never leave her. The main secondary education institutions are the University of Camagüey and the Instituto Pedagógico de Camagüey.
In July 2008, the old town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Street layout
The old city layout resembles a real maze, with narrow, short streets always turning in a direction or another. After Henry Morgan burned the city in the 17th century, it was designed like a maze so attackers would find it hard to move around inside the city.
Instituto Pre-Universitario Vocacional de Ciencias Exactas
Although it is not the only high school in the City, the Pre-Universitario, sometimes referred to as "Vocational School" but formally known as "Instituto Pre-Universitario Vocacional de Ciencias Exactas" (IPVCE) Máximo Gómez Báez es:Instituto Preuniversitario Vocacional de Ciencias Exactas - or, in English, Vocational Pre-University Institute of Exact Sciences Máximo Gómez Báez- is the largest of its kind in the province of Camagüey. The size of the institution qualifies it as a "learning city". This center is homologous to others existing in the rest of the country's provinces. Students usually form close bonds and lasting friendships while at the institution, but family bonds sometimes suffer and "traditional" moral attitudes tend to shift as teenagers spend weeks away from their family. To be admitted into the IPVCE, students must take an entrance exam after completing the preparation of the Basic Secondary Education (7th to 9th grade). During the following 3 years they receive intensive preparation in order to gain acceptance to College.
Other high schools
In Camagüey City, there are other high schools, as well as schools for athletes (ESPA, and EIDE), for artists ( The School of Art ), and the Military High School "Camilo Cienfuegos" ( also known as "Camilitos", in honor of Camilo Cienfuegos, hero of the Cuban Revolution ).
The University of Camagüey, is located in the city, with engineering and basic and humanitarian sciences programs. There are separate university colleges for Medical education (Carlos J Finlay University of Medical Science) and Pedagogical Science.
Camagüey counts an important railway station on the main Havana-Santiago line with connections to minor lines. The station lies in the central "Avenida Van Horne", at the corner with "Avenida Finlay". The city is crossed by the Carretera Central highway and counts a beltway. The A1 motorway, that will link Havana to Guantánamo, and partly built, is in project phase in the city area. The "Ignacio Agramonte International Airport" is located in the north-eastern suburb.
The local baseball club is Camagüey, nicknamed Alfareros, and its home ground is the Cándido González Stadium. The association football club is the FC Camagüey and its home ground is the Patricio Lumumba Stadium.
Camagüey is the birthplace of Ignacio Agramonte (1841), an important figure of the Ten Years' War against Spain in 1868–1878. Agramonte drafted the first Cuban Constitution in 1869, and later, as a Major General, formed the fearsome Camagüey cavalry corps that had the Spaniards on the run. He died in combat on May 11, 1873; his body was burned in the city because the Spanish feared the rebels would attack the city to recover his body.
The city is also the birthplace of the Cuban national poet Nicolás Guillén; also of Carlos J. Finlay, an outstanding physician and scientist, who first identified the Aedes aegyptis mosquito as the vector of the Yellow Fever.
Camagüey is also the hometown of volleyball player Mireya Luis, Gertrudis Gomez de Avellanada (poet), Silvestre de Balboa (1563–1649, writer), Salvador Cisneros Betancourt, Marqués de Santa Lucia (Cuban patriot, signatory of the Guaimaro Constitution of 1869 and President of the Cuban Republic in Arms).
Father José Olallo Valdés worked there, and was beatified in the city on November 29, 2008.
Olympic champion amateur boxer at 75 kg in Sydney 2000 was Jorge Gutiérrez Espinosa, born 18 September 1975 in Camagüey.
Birthplace of the Cuban writer, Severo Sarduy—a member of the European intellectual community that consolidated in the 1960s behind the journal of critical thought, Tel Quel. Sarduy, censored in Cuba throughout the 20th century, lived in Paris as an exile from 1960 until his death in 1993. He holds the position within literary history of having reformulated the transatlantic reconfigurations of the Hispanic Baroque aesthetic under the term "Neobaroque".
- Statoids. "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-05.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-05.
- Climate Summary for Camagüey, Cuba
- "Cuba–Camaguey Interna". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camagüey.|
- Camagüey, Cuba: Essays, monographs, legends, poems, images
- Madison-Camagüey Sister City Association
- Links to sites offering Casa Particular in Camaguey
- Camaguey City Map
- Historic Centre of Camagüey by UNESCO
- Camagüey Pays Homage to Maceo and Che June 15, 2009
- Medicine & Health Anniversaries related to Camaguey by Camagüeyanos
- The most important Camaguey Beach
- The "Maximo Gomez" Vocational School.