CAMK, also written as CaMK, is an abbreviation for the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase class of enzymes. CAMKs are activated by increases in the concentration of intracellular calcium ions (Ca2+) and transfers phosphates from ATP to defined serine or threonine residues in other proteins. Activated CAMK is involved in the phosphorylation of transcription factors and therefore, in the regulation of expression of responding genes. Members of this enzyme class include:
- Haribabu B, Hook SS, Selbert MA, Goldstein EG, Tomhave ED, Edelman AM, Snyderman R, Means AR (Sep 1995). "Human calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase I: cDNA cloning, domain structure and activation by phosphorylation at threonine-177 by calcium-calmodulin dependent protein kinase I kinase". EMBO J. 14 (15): 3679–86. PMC 394442. PMID 7641687.
- "Entrez Gene: CAMK1 calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase I".
- Yamauchi, Takashi (2005). "Neuronal Ca2+/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II—Discovery, Progress in a Quarter of a Century, and Perspective: Implication for Learning and Memory". Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 28 (8): 1342–54. doi:10.1248/bpb.28.1342. PMID 16079472.