CLP Group

CLP Group

A CLP Power Shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong
Traditional Chinese 中電集團....
China Light and Power Co., Ltd.
Traditional Chinese 中華電力有限公司

The CLP Group (Chinese: 中電集團) and its holding company, CLP Holdings Ltd (SEHK: 0002) (Chinese: 中電控股有限公司), is a Hong Kong electric company that has businesses in a number of Asian markets and Australia. It is one of the two main electric power generation companies in Hong Kong. The other is Hongkong Electric Company.

Incorporated in 1901 as China Light & Power Company Syndicate,[1] its core business remains the generation, transmission, and retailing of electricity.[2]


CLP Group Headquarters in Hong Kong, 2007.
The group's first power station on Chatham Road, Hung Hong, in Hong Kong (picture taken between 1903 and 1908).

The company was founded in Hong Kong in 1901 as China Light & Power Company Syndicate[1] with capital provided by Shewan Tomes and Company and the Kadoorie family.[3] In 1903, the company's first power station, with a generating capacity of 75 kW, was commissioned in Hung Hom at the junction of present-day Chatham Road and Princess Margaret Road.[4][5] By 1919, the company was supplying electricity for street lights in Kowloon.[1]

The Kadoorie family joined the CLP board of directors in 1930[3] and retains control of the company as of 2013.[6]

In 1983, the company established a joint venture with Guangdong Nuclear Power for the construction and operation of the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant.[7]

On 6 January 1998, CLP Holdings Limited replaced China Light & Power Company, Limited as the new holding company listed on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong.[8]

Index constituent

As of 2013, CLP Group is a component of The Global Dow—a 150-stock index of the world's leading blue-chips.[9] The company has been a constituent of the Dow Jones Sustainability Index, the Dow Jones Sustainability Asia Pacific Index (DJSI Asia Pacific), and/or the Dow Jones Sustainability Asia Pacific 40 Index (DJSI Asia Pacific 40).[10] Since 2010, CLP has also been listed on the Hang Seng Corporate Sustainability Index and Hang Seng (Mainland and HK) Corporate Sustainability Index.[11]

Markets outside Hong Kong

In recent years CLP has sought to expand outside of its native Hong Kong accomplishing this through mergers and acquisitions. Markets outside Hong Kong it has entered include Australia,[8] India,[8] Mainland China,[12] Southeast Asia and Taiwan.[12]

Its first market outside Hong Kong was Mainland China. By connecting its power stations in Hong Kong to the Chinese mainland grid, CLP began supplying power in 1979.[13]

The 1990s saw the start of expansionary M&A activity with CLP acquiring nearly a half-dozen companies between 1996 and 2005. In 1996 the company entered joint-ventures with Taiwan Cement Corporation;[12] in 1998, part ownership of Thai Electricity Generating Public Co Ltd;[8] and in 2001, Australian Yallourn Energy.[8] It expanded operations in Australia to include retailing when it brought TXU Merchant Energy in 2005.[10] And in 2002 CLP acquired an Indian company, Gujarat Paguthan Energy Corporation Private Limited.[8]


Since 2002 the company has published yearly reports on the environmental and social impact it has made.[14]

Power stations

CLP has a number of power stations in Asia. While most are either coal-fired or fossil fuel power stations, the company also generates electricity using nuclear,[12] solar energy and wind power.[15]

Hong Kong

Hong Kong sites include Black Point Power Station,[12] Castle Peak Power Station,[13] and Penny's Bay Power Station.[12]

Mainland China

CLP has two power stations in Guangdong province, Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant and Guangzhou Pumped Storage Power Station in Conghua, Guangzhou.[12] It also operates a Guangxi province plant, Fangchenggang power station.[10]


CLP power stations in India include gas powered Gujarat Paguthan Energy Corporation's former station Paguthan Combined Cycle Power Plant[15] and a coal-fired power station Mahatma Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project at Jhajjar, Haryana, that was commissioned in 2012.[15]

The company also has a number of wind power sites in the country.[15] IT has now signed up for its very first solar project - Veltoor at Telangana


EnergyAustralia is a wholly owned subsidiary of CLP and is one of Australia's largest integrated energy businesses. As of 2013, EnergyAustralia generates electricity from coal, gas and renewable energy sources, and retails electricity and gas, of 5,662MW to over 2.8 million residential and business users across Victoria, South Australia, New South Wales, the ACT and Queensland.

Southeast Asia and Taiwan

CLP established its presence in Southeast Asia and Taiwan in the early 1990s.[12] Since then, they have built a portfolio of quality assets in the region.

Following the divestment of interest in EGCO[8] in Thailand in early 2011, their investments currently consist of the Ho-Ping coal-fired project in Taiwan and the Lopburi solar farm in Thailand. They are also co-developing two coal-fired projects in Vietnam.


  1. 1 2 3 Our history: 1901–1939; The beginning CLP official website
  2. Our operations: Assets and services CLP official website
  3. 1 2 The Matrix of Entrepreneurship: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of A Group of Baghdadi Indian Jews in the Intersection of Shanghai/Hong Kong (Draft only: please do NOT cite) Kwok Siu-tong, History Department, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  4. China Light & Power Co., Ltd.: 1901-1918. Sir Lawrence Kadoorie's Address to the Staff, on 8th March 1977, at the Peninsula Hotel
  5. Rise of Electricity and the Community 1901-1945. CLP.
  6. Goug, Neil (16 December 2010). "Moody's reviews CLP rating over new debt to fund big NSW deal". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. pp. Business, pg. 2.
  7. Ashoka Mody Infrastructure strategies in East Asia: the untold story World Bank p64
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Our history: 1997–2000; Regional expansion CLP official website
  9. "The Global Dow". Components. McGraw-Hill. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  10. 1 2 3 Our history: 2003-today; Climate action CLP official website
  11. For 2010 as first year so recognized, see "2010-Today: Powering Asia Responsibly". Our History. CLP official website. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
    • For current status, see "Constituents". Hang Seng Corporate Sustainability Index Series. Hang Seng Bank. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Our history: 1986–1996; New frontiers CLP Official Site
  13. 1 2 Our history: 1970–1985; Chinese vision CLP official website
  14. Publications CLP official website
  15. 1 2 3 4 China Light and Power plans big for India, 6 December 2010, 0:15 IST
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