Business journalism is the branch of journalism that tracks, records, analyzes and interprets the economic changes that take place in a society. It could include anything from personal finance, to stock exchange, entrepreneurship, business at the local market, and shopping malls, to the performance of well-known and not-so-well-known companies.
This area of journalism covers news and features articles about people, places and issues related to the field of business. Most newspapers, magazines, radio, and television news shows carry a business segment. However, detailed and in depth business journalism can be found in publications, radio, and television channels dedicated specifically to business and financial journalism.
Business journalism began as early as the Middle Ages, to help well-known trading families communicate with each other. In 1882 Charles Dow, Edward Jones and Charles Bergstresser began a wire service that delivered news to investment houses along Wall Street. And in 1889 The Wall Street Journal began publishing. While the famous muckraking journalist Ida Tarbell did not consider herself to be a business reporter, her reporting and writing about the Standard Oil Co. in 1902 provided the template for how thousands of business journalists have covered companies ever since. Business coverage gained prominence in the 1990s, with wider investment in the stock market. The Wall Street Journal is one prominent example of business journalism, and is among the United States of America's top newspapers in terms of both circulation and respect for the journalists whose work appears there.
Journalists who work in this branch class as "business journalists". Their main purpose is gathering information about current events in the economic life of the country. They may also cover processes, trends, consequences, and important people, in business and disseminate their work through all types of mass media.
Business journalism, although common in most industrialized countries, has a very limited role in third-world and developing countries. This leaves citizens of such countries in a very disadvantaged position locally and internationally. Recent efforts to bring business media to these countries have proven to be worthwhile.
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- Weinberg, Steve (2008). Taking on the Trust: The Epic Battle of Ida Tarbell and John D. Rockefeller. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-04935-0. OCLC 154706823.
- Profits and Losses: Business Journalism and its Role in Society, Roush, Chris, 2010. Marion Street Press: Portland, OR. ISBN 978-1936863181
- Show me the Money: Writing Business and Economics Stories for Mass Communication, Roush, Chris, 2016, Routledge: New York. ISBN 978-1138188389
- Definition and history of business journalism in the Encyclopedia of Journalism
- History of Business Journalism
- Talking Biz News
- Society of American Business Editors and Writers
- American History of Business Journalism