Burton's Gentleman's Magazine

September 1839 issue of Burton's Gentleman's Magazine, which included the first publication of "The Fall of the House of Usher"

Burton's Gentleman's Magazine and American Monthly Review (sometimes ...and Monthly American Review or, more simply, Burton's Magazine), was a literary publication published in Philadelphia from 1837 to 1840. Its founder was William Evans Burton, an English-born immigrant to the United States who also managed a theatre and was a minor actor. Edgar Allan Poe was an editor and contributor in 1839–40.


The magazine included poems, fiction, and essays, with an emphasis on sporting life. Articles featured sailing, cricket, hunting, and more. To compete with other magazines of the time, Burton's included extra illustrations and thicker paper than standard.

Edgar Allan Poe

Frontispiece for Volume 5 (July-December 1839) of Burton's Gentlemen's Magazine, listing both Burton and Poe as editors

The magazine's most famous contributor and one-time editor was Edgar Allan Poe in 1839. The June 1839 issue of Burton's included the notice that its owner had "made arrangements with Edgar A. Poe, Esq., late Editor of the Southern Literary Messenger, to devote his abilities and experience to a portion of the Editorial duties of the Gentlemen's Magazine." Poe agreed to provide about 11 pages of original material per month and was paid $10 a week and his name was added next to Burton's.[1] In Burton's, Poe published now well-known tales including "The Man That Was Used Up", "The Fall of the House of Usher", "William Wilson", "Morella", and others. Disagreements between the two caused Burton to fire Poe in June 1840.

In 1840, Burton sold the magazine to George Rex Graham. It was then merged with Casket to become Graham's Magazine, which began publication with the December 1840 issue.[2]

See also

Other American journals that Edgar Allan Poe was involved with include the following:


  1. Oberholtzer, Ellis Paxson. The Literary History of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs & Co., 1906. p. 286
  2. "Graham's Magazine". The Online Books Page. University of Pennsylvania Libraries. Retrieved 2016-10-06.


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