Location in San Mateo County and the state of California
Location in the United States
|Coordinates: 37°41′33″N 122°28′44″W / 37.69250°N 122.47889°WCoordinates: 37°41′33″N 122°28′44″W / 37.69250°N 122.47889°W|
|• Total||0.450 sq mi (1.166 km2)|
|• Land||0.450 sq mi (1.166 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||348 ft (106 m)|
|• Density||9,300/sq mi (3,600/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||0255917|
Broadmoor is a census-designated place (CDP) in an unincorporated area of San Mateo County, California, United States. The enclave is entirely surrounded by Daly City. The population was 4,176 at the 2010 census.
Broadmoor is located at 37°41′33″N 122°28′44″W / 37.69250°N 122.47889°W (37.692433, -122.478901).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.45 square miles (1.2 km2), all of it land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Broadmoor had a population of 4,176. The population density was 9,277.0 people per square mile (3,581.9/km²). The racial makeup of Broadmoor was 1,705 (40.8%) White, 100 (2.4%) African American, 30 (0.7%) Native American, 1,676 (40.1%) Asian, 44 (1.1%) Pacific Islander, 359 (8.6%) from other races, and 262 (6.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 981 persons (23.5%).
The Census reported that 4,076 people (97.6% of the population) lived in households, 68 (1.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 32 (0.8%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,349 households, out of which 461 (34.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 782 (58.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 163 (12.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 80 (5.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 64 (4.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 12 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 227 households (16.8%) were made up of individuals and 110 (8.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02. There were 1,025 families (76.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.40.
The population was spread out with 854 people (20.5%) under the age of 18, 345 people (8.3%) aged 18 to 24, 1,095 people (26.2%) aged 25 to 44, 1,228 people (29.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 654 people (15.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.
There were 1,392 housing units at an average density of 3,092.3 per square mile (1,194.0/km²), of which 1,037 (76.9%) were owner-occupied, and 312 (23.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 1.9%. 2,981 people (71.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,095 people (26.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,026 people, 1,275 households, and 984 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 8,998.9 people per square mile (3,454.3/km²). There were 1,295 housing units at an average density of 2,894.6 per square mile (1,111.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP in 2010 was 30.7% non-Hispanic White, 2.0% non-Hispanic African American, 0.2% Native American, 39.1% Asian, 1.0% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.5% of the population.
There were 1,275 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.11 and the average family size was 3.48.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $69,836, and the median income for a family was $71,250. Males had a median income of $47,700 versus $37,784 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $24,608. About 3.9% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
The farms that had long graced the area started to give way to suburban housing developments from the 1940s onwards. The residents of Broadmoor, rallying around their police protection district (see below) and their sense of identity as a separate community, have been mostly successful in fighting off annexation by Daly City, despite losing slices of their community's territory, including its police headquarters, in the many piecemeal annexations which over the years saw Daly City gradually encircle Broadmoor in its entirety. Daly City's attempts to annex the enclave and Broadmoor residents' resistance to those efforts have led to strained relations between the two entities at times.
A special property tax assessment funds the Broadmoor Police Department, which was founded in 1948 after residents grew concerned of long response times from the San Mateo County Sheriff's Department—most of whose deputies are based in the southern end of the county. Fire protection is provided by the Colma Fire Protection District. The Colma Fire Protection District provides 24 hr paramedic(ALS) coverage 365 days a year. It is staffed with one paramedic at all times. The Broadmoor Police Department is staffed by eight full-time police officers, including the chief of police, and twenty-five part-time police officers.
The Broadmoor Police Protection District is governed by a Police Commission, the Broadmoor Police Protection District Board of Police Commissioners, which consists of three residents elected at large every four years.
In 2007 State Senator Leland Yee (California's Eighth District) authored legislation sponsored by the Broadmoor Police Department to recognize Broadmoor as a municipal or city police department. Senate Bill 230, which was signed by Governor Schwarzenegger, provides Broadmoor Police with the same legal recognition and status of a city or municipal police department.
In 2011 State Assemblywoman Fiona Ma introduced Assembly Bill 911, which, if it becomes law, will give the Police Commission of the Broadmoor Police Department the power to adopt ordinances to regulate taxicabs and tow trucks. A violation of an ordinance adopted by the Police Commission would be a misdemeanor.
- U.S. Census Archived 2012-01-24 at WebCite
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Broadmoor CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Wilson, Marshall (10 February 1997). "Times Press In On `Mayberry Of Peninsula'". San Francisco Chronicle. p. A-13. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- "California's 14th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- Gateway to the Peninsula by Samuel C. Chandler, Daly City, CA: The City of Daly City, 1973. Chapter 25: "Broadmoor".
- "Tiny community may finally get police powers" by John Coté, San Francisco Chronicle, July 30, 2007.