British and Irish Lions

For the Great Britain Lions rugby league team, see Great Britain national rugby league team. For the 2013 Lions tour, see 2013 British and Irish Lions tour to Australia.
British and Irish Lions[a]
Unions Rugby Football Union
Irish Rugby Football Union
Scottish Rugby Union
Welsh Rugby Union
Nickname(s) The Lions
Coach(es) Warren Gatland (2017 tour)
Captain(s) Sam Warburton (2013 tour)
Most caps Ireland Willie John McBride (17)
Most appearances Ireland Willie John McBride
Top scorer Scotland Andy Irvine   (274 in all matches)
England Jonny Wilkinson (67 in Tests)
Most tries Ireland Sir Anthony O'Reilly (38)[1]
Team kit
First match
Otago 3 – 8 Shaw & Shrewsbury Team United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
(28 April 1888)
Largest win
Western Australia 10–116 British and Irish Lions
(8 June 2001)
Largest test win
 Argentina 0–46 British Lions
(7 Aug 1927)
Largest defeat
 New Zealand 38–6 British Lions
(16 July 1983)
Largest test defeat
 New Zealand 38–6 British Lions
(16 July 1983)

The British and Irish Lions is a rugby union team selected from players eligible for any of the Home Unions the national sides of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The Lions are a Test side, and generally select international players, but they can pick uncapped players available to any one of the four unions. The side tours every four years, with these rotating among Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. The 2009 Test series was lost 2–1 to South Africa, while the 2013 Test series was won 2–1 over Australia.

From 1888 onwards combined rugby sides from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland toured the Southern Hemisphere. The first tour was a commercial venture, and was undertaken without official backing.[2] The six subsequent visits enjoyed a growing degree of support from the authorities, before the 1910 South Africa tour, which was the first tour representative of the four Home Unions.[3] In 1949 the four Home Unions formally created a Tours Committee[4] and for the first time, every player of the 1950 Lions squad had played internationally before the tour.[5] The 1950s tours saw high win rates in provincial games, but the Test series were typically lost or drawn. The winning series in 1971 (New Zealand) and 1974 (South Africa) changed this pattern. The last tour of the amateur age took place in 1993.

Naming and symbols

Team members

The multi-nation team that is today named the British and Irish Lions first came into existence in 1888 as the Shaw & Shrewsbury Team. It was then primarily English in composition but also contained players from Scotland and Wales. Later the name British Isles became associated with the team. On their 1950 tour of New Zealand and Australia they officially adopted the name British Lions, the nickname first used by British and South African journalists on the 1924 South African tour[4] after the lion emblem on their ties, the emblem on their jerseys having been dropped in favour of the four-quartered badge with the symbols of the four represented unions.

When the team first emerged in the nineteenth century, it represented the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, then one single state. The team continued to exist after the Irish war of independence and civil war and the subsequent division of Ireland in 1922 into the Irish Free State (later the Republic of Ireland) and Northern Ireland. To avoid ambiguity and possible offence to Irish players, it was later decided to define the team's identity as representing the two sovereign states – the United Kingdom and Ireland – with the team members being either "British" or "Irish". From the 2001 tour of Australia, the official name British and Irish Lions has been used. The team is often referred to simply as the Lions.

Team anthem

As the Lions represent two sovereign states, they do not have a national anthem. For the 2005 tour to New Zealand, the Lions management commissioned a song, "The Power of Four", although it met with little support amongst Lions fans at the matches and was not used on the 2009 or 2013 Tours.

Team colours and strip

For more than half a century, the Lions have been synonymous with the red jersey that sports the amalgamated crests of the four unions. However, prior to 1950 the strip went through a number of significantly different formats.[6]

Unsanctioned tours

In 1888, the promoter of the first expedition to Australia and New Zealand, Arthur Shrewsbury, demanded "something that would be good material and yet take them by storm out here".[7] The result was a jersey in thick red, white and blue hoops, worn above white shorts and dark socks. The tours to South Africa in 1891 and 1896 retained the red, white and blue theme but this time as red and white hooped jerseys and dark blue shorts and socks.[7] The 1899 trip to Australia saw a reversion to red, white and blue jerseys, but with the blue used in thick hoops and the red and white in thin bands. The shorts remained blue, as did the socks although a white flash was added to the latter. The one-off test in 1999 between England and Australia that was played to commemorate Australia's first test against Reverend Matthew Mullineux's British side saw England wear an updated version of this jersey.[7] In 1903, the South Africa tour followed on from the 1896 tour, with red and white hooped jerseys. The slight differences were that the red hoops were slightly thicker than the white (the opposite was true in 1896), and the white flash on the socks introduced in 1899 was partially retained.[7] The Australia of 1904 saw exactly the same kit as in 1899, and it seemed that the British touring sides had settled on kits particular to the host destination. However, in 1908 with the Scottish and Irish unions refusing to be involved, the Anglo-Welsh side only sported red jerseys with a thick white band on their jerseys on tour to Australia and New Zealand.[6] Blue shorts were retained, but the socks were for the first time red, with a white flash.

Blue jerseys, the Lions named, and the crest adopted

The Scots were once again involved in Dr Tom Smyth's 1910 team to South Africa. Thus, dark blue jerseys, were introduced with white shorts and the red socks of 1908.[7] The jerseys also had a single lion-rampant crest. The 1924 tour returned to South Africa, retaining the blue jerseys but now with shorts to match. It is the 1924 tour that is credited as being the first in which the team were referred to as "the Lions", the irony being that it was on this tour that the single lion-rampant crest was replaced with the forerunner of the four-quartered badge with the symbols of the four represented unions, that is still worn today. Although the lion had been dropped from the jersey, the players had worn the lion motif on their ties as they arrived in South Africa, which led the press and public referring to them as "the Lions".[8]

The unofficial 1927 Argentina tour used the same kit and badge.[6] So powerful was the attribution of "the Lions" nickname that three heraldic versions of the animal returned as the jersey badge in 1930.[6] This was the tour to New Zealand where the tourists now standard blue jerseys caused some controversy. The convention in rugby is for the home side to accommodate its guests when there is a clash of kit. The New Zealand side, by then already synonymous with the appellation "All Blacks", had an all black kit that clashed with the Lions' blue. After much reluctance and debate New Zealand agreed to change for the Tests and the All Blacks became the All Whites for the first time. On the 1930 tour a delegation led by the Irish lock George Beamish expressed their displeasure at the fact that whilst the blue of Scotland, white of England and red of Wales were represented in the strip there was no green for Ireland. A green flash was added to the socks, which from 1938 became a green turnover (although on blue socks thus eliminating red from the kit), and that has remained a feature of the strip ever since.[9] In 1936, the four-quartered badge returned for the tour to Argentina and has remained on the kits ever since,[6] but other than that the strip remained the same.

Red jerseys

The adoption of the red jersey happened in the 1950 tour. A return to New Zealand was accompanied by a desire to avoid the controversy of 1930 and so red replaced blue for the jersey with the resultant kit being that which is still worn today, the combination of red jersey, white shorts and green and blue socks, representing the four unions.[10] The only additions to the strip since 1950 began appearing in 1993, with the addition of kit suppliers logos in prominent positions. Umbro had in 1989 asked for "maximum brand exposure whenever possible" but this did not affect the kit's appearance. Since then, Nike then Adidas have had more overt branding on the shirts, with sponsors Scottish Provident (1997), NTL (2001), Zurich (2005) and HSBC (2009 & 2013[11]).[9]

Jersey evolution


1888, 1891
1899, 1904



Shaw & Shrewsbury Team, 1888, The first British or Irish touring rugby team, a private-enterprise trip to Australia and New Zealand.
Despite its label as an England side, the team which toured South Africa in 1891 contained several Scots.
England v Cape Colony, 1891. The first match of the Bill MacLagan undefeated tour of South Africa.

The earliest tours date back to 1888, when a 21-man squad visited Australia and New Zealand. The squad drew players from England, Scotland and Wales, though English players predominated. The 35-match tour of two host nations included no tests, but the side played provincial, city and academic sides, winning 27 matches. They played 19 games of Australian rules football, against prominent clubs in Victoria and South Australia, winning six and drawing one of these (see Australian rules football in England).

The first tour, although unsanctioned by rugby bodies, established the concept of Northern Hemisphere sporting sides touring to the Southern Hemisphere. Three years after the first tour, the Western Province union invited rugby bodies in Britain to tour South Africa. Some saw the 1891 team – the first sanctioned by the Rugby Football Union – as the English national team, though others referred to it as "the British Isles". The tourists played a total of twenty matches, three of them tests. The team also played the regional side of South Africa (South Africa did not exist as a political unit in 1891), winning all three matches. In a notable event of the tour, the touring side presented the Currie Cup to Griqualand West, the province they thought produced the best performance on the tour.

Five years later a British Isles side returned to South Africa. They played one extra match on this tour, making the total of 21 games, including four tests against South Africa, with the British Isles winning three of them. The squad had a notable Irish orientation, with the Irish national team contributing six players to the 21-man squad.

In 1899 the British Isles touring side returned to Australia for the first time since the unofficial tour of 1888. The squad of 23 for the first time ever had players from each of the home nations. The team again participated in 21 matches, playing state teams as well as northern Queensland sides and Victorian teams. A four-test series took place against Australia, the tourists winning three out of the four. The team returned via Hawaii and Canada playing additional games on route.

Four years later, in 1903, the British and Irish team returned to South Africa. The opening performance of the side proved disappointing from the tourists' point of view, with defeats in its opening three matches by Western Province sides in Cape Town. From then on the team experienced mixed results, though more wins than losses. The side lost the test series to South Africa, drawing twice, but with the South Africans winning the decider 8 to nil.

No more than twelve months passed before the British and Irish team ventured to Australia and New Zealand in 1904. The tourists devastated the Australian teams, winning every single game. Australia also lost all three tests to the visitors, even getting held to a standstill in two of the three games. Though the New Zealand leg of the tour did not take long in comparison to the number of Australian games, the British and Irish experienced considerable difficulty across the Tasman after whitewashing the Australians. The team managed two early wins before losing the test to New Zealand and only winning one more game as well as drawing once. Despite their difficulties in New Zealand, the tour proved a raging success on-field for the British and Irish.

In 1908, another tour took place to Australia and New Zealand. In a reversal of previous practice, the planners allocated more matches in New Zealand rather than in Australia: perhaps the strength of the New Zealand teams and the heavy defeats of all Australian teams on the previous tour influenced this decision. Some commentators thought that this tour hoped to reach out to rugby communities in Australia, as rugby league (infamously) started in Australia in 1908. The Anglo-Welsh side (Irish and Scottish unions did not participate) performed well in all the non-test matches, but drew a test against New Zealand and lost the other two.


Three members of the team that toured on Argentina in 1927.

Visits that took place before the 1910 South Africa tour (the first selected by a committee from the four Home Unions) had enjoyed a growing degree of support from the authorities, although only one of these included representatives of all four nations. The 1910 tour to South Africa marked the official beginning of British and Irish rugby tours: the inaugural tour operating under all four unions. The team performed moderately against the non-test parties, claiming victories in just over half their matches. The test series, however, went to South Africa, who won two of the three games. A side managed by Oxford University — supposedly the England rugby team, but actually including three Scottish players — toured Argentina at the time: the people of Argentina termed it the "Combined British".

The next British Isles team tour did not take place until 1924, again in South Africa. The team, led by Ronald Cove-Smith, struggled with injuries and lost three of the four test matches, drawing the other 3–3. In total, 21 games were played, with the touring side winning 9, drawing 3 and losing 9. This tour may have marked the occasion when the team first became known as "the Lions".

In 1927 a short, nine-game series took place in Argentina, with the Lions winning all nine encounters; the tour did however become a financial success for Argentine rugby. After a seemingly long absence from New Zealand, the Lions returned in 1930 to some success. The Lions won all of their games that did not have test status except for the matches against Auckland, Wellington and Canterbury; they did however lose three of their four test matches against New Zealand, winning the first test 6–3. The side also visited Australia, losing a test but winning five out of the six non-test games.

In 1936 the Lions visited Argentina for the second time, winning all ten of their matches and only conceding nine points in the whole tour. Two years later the Lions toured in South Africa, winning more than half of their normal matches. Despite having lost the test series to South Africa by game three, the Lions won the final test.


The first post-war tour went to New Zealand and Australia in 1950. The Lions, sporting newly redesigned jerseys and displaying a fresh style of play, managed to win 22 and draw one of 29 matches over the two nations. The Lions won the opening four fixtures before losing to Otago and Southland, but succeeded in holding the All Blacks to a 9–9 draw. The Lions performed well in the remaining All Black tests though they lost all three, the team did not lose another non-test in the New Zealand leg of the tour. The Lions won all their games in Australia except for their final fixture against a New South Wales XV in Newcastle. They won both tests against Australia, in Brisbane, Queensland and in Sydney.

In 1955 the Lions toured South Africa and left with another imposing record, one draw and 19 wins from the 25 fixtures. The four-test series against South Africa, a thrilling affair, ended in a drawn series.

The 1959 tour to Australia and New Zealand marked once again a very successful tour for the Lions, who only lost six of their 35 fixtures. The Lions easily won both tests against Australia and lost the first three tests against the All Blacks, but did find victory (9–6) in the final test.

After the glittering decade of the 1950s, the first tour of the 1960s proved not nearly as successful as previous ones. The 1962 tour to South Africa saw the Lions still win 16 of their 25 games, but did not fare well against the Springboks, losing three of the four tests. For the 1966 tour to Australia and New Zealand John Robins became the first Lions Coach, and the trip started off very well for the Lions, who stormed through Australia, winning five non-tests and drawing one; and most notably defeating Australia in two tests as well. The Lions however experienced mixed results during the New Zealand leg of the tour, as well as losing all of the tests against the All Blacks. The Lions also played a test against Canada on their way home, winning 19 to 8 in Toronto. The 1968 tour of South Africa saw the Lions win 15 of their 16 provincial matches, but the team actually lost three tests against the Springboks and drew one.


The 1970s saw a renaissance for the Lions. The 1971 team, centred around the skilled Welsh half-back pairing of Gareth Edwards and Barry John, secured a series win over the All Blacks. The tour started with a loss to Queensland but proceeded to storm through the next provincial fixtures, winning 11 games in a row. The Lions then went on to defeat the All Blacks in Dunedin. The Lions would only lose a single match on the rest of the tour, and won the test series against New Zealand, winning and drawing the last two games, to take the series two wins to one.

One of the best-known and most successful Lions team toured South Africa in 1974 under the esteemed Irish forward Willie John McBride. It went through 22 games unbeaten, and triumphed 3–0 (with one drawn) in the test open series. The test series featured a lot of violence. The management of the Lions concluded that the Springboks dominated their opponents with physical aggression. At that time, test match referees came from the home nation, substitutions took place only if a doctor found a player unable to continue and there were no video cameras or sideline officials to prevent violent play. The Lions decided "to get their retaliation in first" with the infamous "99 call". The Lions postulated that a South African referee would probably not send off all of the Lions if they all retaliated against "blatant thuggery". Famous video footage of the 'battle of Boet Erasmus Stadium' shows JPR Williams running over half of the pitch and launching himself at Van Heerden after such a call.

The 1977 tour to New Zealand saw the Lions drop only one non-test out of 21 games, a loss to a Universities side. The team did not win the test series though, winning one game but losing the other three.

In August 1977 the British Lions made a stopover in Fiji on the way home from their tour of New Zealand. Fiji beat them 25–21 at Buckhurst Park, Suva.


The British and Irish Lions against the All Blacks in 2005

The Lions toured South Africa in 1980. The team completed a flawless non-test record, winning 14 out of 14 non-test matches on the tour. The Lions did however lose the first three tests to South Africa, winning the last one, though the series had already been won by the Springboks.

The 1983 tour to New Zealand saw the team successful on the non-test front, winning all but two games, but getting white-washed in the test-series against the All Blacks. A tour to South Africa by the Lions was anticipated in 1986. However, the invitation for the Lions to tour South Africa was never accepted because of controversy surrounding Apartheid. As a result, the anticipated tour never occurred in 1986.[12] The Lions did not return to South Africa until 1997, after the Apartheid era. A Lions team was selected in 1986 for the International Rugby Board centenary match against a Rest of the World XV in April of that year; the team was organised by the Four Home Unions Committee and the players were given the status of official British Lions.[13] The Lions tour to Australia in 1989 was a short affair, being only 12 matches in total. The tour was very successful for the Lions, who won all eight non-tests and won the test series against Australia, two to one.

The Lions tour to New Zealand in 1993 was the last of the amateur era. The tourists won six and lost four non-test matches, and lost the test series 2–1. The tour to South Africa in 1997 was a success for the Lions, who completed the tour with only two losses. The Lions won the test series 2–1.

In 2001, the ten game tour to Australia, saw the Wallabies win the test series 2–1. This series saw the first award of the Tom Richards Trophy. The Lions' 2005 tour to New Zealand, coached by 2003 England world cup winning coach Clive Woodward, won all seven games against provincial teams however suffered heavy defeats in all three tests and were narrowly defeated by the New Zealand Maori team.


The Lions faced the World Cup winners South Africa, with Ian McGeechan leading a coaching team including Warren Gatland, Shaun Edwards and Rob Howley. The Lions were captained by Irish lock Paul O'Connell.[14] The initial Lions selection consisted of fourteen Irish players, thirteen Welsh, eight English and two Scots in the 37-man squad.

In the first Test on 20 June, they lost 26–21, and lost the series in the second 28–25 in a tightly-fought game at Loftus Versfeld on 27 June.[15] The Lions won the third Test 28–9 at Ellis Park, and the series finished 2–1 to South Africa.


During June 2013 the British and Irish Lions toured Australia.

Former Scotland and Lions full-back Andy Irvine was appointed as tour manager in 2010.[16] Wales head coach Warren Gatland was the Lions' head coach, and their tour captain was Sam Warburton.

The tour started in Hong Kong with a match against the Barbarians before moving on to Australia for the main tour featuring six provincial matches and three tests.[17]

2017 and Beyond

The next British and Irish Lions tour will be to New Zealand in 2017. The current agreement with the SANZAAR Nations runs out after the New Zealand tour and negotiations will begin in 2014 It has been stated that all areas will be negotiated, from finances, scheduling, itineraries, the strength of opposition in warm-up matches and the number of matches played.[18]

Warren Gatland has again been named as head coach for the Lions.


Overall test matches

Updated after the 2013 Tour

Against Played Won Lost Drawn For Against % Won
 Argentina 7 6 0 1 236 31 86
 Australia 23 17 6 0 414 248 74
 New Zealand 38 6 29 3 345 634 16
 South Africa 46 17 23 6 470 546 37
Total 114 46 58 10 1,465 1,459 40

Overall tour results

Against Tours Won Lost Drawn % Won
 Argentina 3 3 0 0 100%
 Australia 9 7 2 0 78%
 New Zealand 11 1 10 0 9%
 South Africa 13 4 8 1 31%
Total 36 15 20 1 42%



The Lions currently tour three southern hemisphere nations; Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. They also routinely toured in Argentina before World War II. Tours currently take place every four years. The most recent tour visited Australia in June–July 2013, and before that the Lions toured South Africa in 2009.

In a break with tradition, a "home" fixture against Argentina took place at Millennium Stadium in Cardiff on 23 May 2005, before the Lions went to New Zealand. It finished in a draw, 25–25.

On tour, games take place against local provinces, clubs or representative sides as well as the full tests against the host's national team.

The Lions, and their predecessor teams, have often played games against other nearby countries on tour. For example, they played Rhodesia (the future Zimbabwe) in 1910, 1924, 1938, 1955, 1962, 1968 & 1974 during their tours to South Africa. They also were beaten by Fiji on their 1977 tour to New Zealand. In addition, they toured pre-independence Namibia (then South West Africa), in 1955, 1962, 1968, and 1974.

There have also been games in other countries on the way home. These include games in Canada in 1959 and 1966, East Africa (then mostly Kenya, and held in Nairobi), and an unofficial game against Ceylon (future Sri Lanka) in 1950.

Previous tours have seen some non-Test players become demotivated, but more recently this issue has reduced because of high injury rates, increased use of replacements and greater selection flexibility.

In recent tours a common issue has been weak opposition in many non-Test games, partly as opposition countries have their top players in national training camps, partly as sides protect top players for domestic games which are seen as more commercially important than Lions games, and possibly partly to prevent the Lions having high standard preparatory games.


Tour Test matches

Year To Captain Head coach Top scorer in Tests Result Tests record
1888 New Zealand
& Australia
England Robert Seddon
England Andrew Stoddart
England Alfred Shaw
England Arthur Shrewsbury
No Test matches played
1891 South Africa Scotland Bill Maclagan England Edwin Ash England Arthur Rotherham, 4 Won 3–0
1896 South Africa England Johnny Hammond
Thomas Crean
England Roger Walker England J. F. Byrne, 12 Won 3–1
1899 Australia England Matthew Mullineux
England Frank Stout
England Matthew Mullineux England Charlie Adamson, 17 Won 3–1
1903 South Africa Scotland Mark Morrison England Johnny Hammond Scotland John Gillespie, 4 Lost 0–1
1904 Australia
& New Zealand
Scotland David Bedell-Sivright
WalesTeddy Morgan
New Zealand Arthur O'Brien Wales Percy Bush, 20 Won
3–0 (Australia)
0–1 (New Zealand)
1908 New Zealand
& Australia
Wales Arthur 'Boxer' Harding England George Harnett Wales Reggie Gibbs, 3
Wales Jack Jones, 3
Lost 0–2 (1 drawn test) (NZ)
No tests against Australia
1910 South Africa Tommy Smyth
Wales Jack Jones
England William Cail
WalesWalter E. Rees
England Jack Spoors, 9 Lost 1–2
1910 Argentina England John Raphael England R.V. Stanley England Harold Monks, 10
(no test caps awarded)
Won 1–0
1924 South Africa England Ronald Cove-Smith Wales Harry Packer England Tom Voyce, 6 Lost 0–3 (1 drawn test)
1927 Argentina Scotland David MacMyn England James Baxter England Ernest Hammett, 40
(no test caps awarded)
Won 4–0
1930 New Zealand
& Australia
England Doug Prentice
England Carl Aarvold
England James Baxter England Carl Aarvold, 9 Lost
1–3 (New Zealand)
1936 Argentina England Bernard Gadney England Doug Prentice England John Brett, 7
(no test caps awarded)
Won 1–0
1938 South Africa Ireland Sam Walker EnglandMajor B.C. Hartley WalesVivian Jenkins, 9 Lost 1–2
1950 New Zealand
& Australia
Karl Mullen
WalesBleddyn Williams
England Leslie B. Osborne Wales Lewis Jones, 26 Lost
0–3 (1 drawn test) (NZ)
2–0 (Australia)
1955 South Africa Robin Thompson
WalesCliff Morgan
Jack Siggins England Jeff Butterfield, 12 Tied 2–2
1959 Australia
& New Zealand
Ronnie Dawson O.B. Glasgow David Hewitt, 16 Won
2–0 (Australia)
1–3 (New Zealand)
1962 South Africa Scotland Arthur Smith
EnglandDickie Jeeps
Harry McKibbin England John Willcox, 5 Lost 0–3 (1 drawn test)
1966 Australia,
New Zealand
Wales David Watkins
Scotland Mike Campbell-Lamerton
Wales John Robins Scotland Stewart Wilson, 30 Won
2–0 (Australia)
0–4 (New Zealand)
1968 South Africa Tom Kiernan Ronnie Dawson Tom Kiernan, 35 Lost 0–3 (1 drawn test)
1971 New Zealand Wales John Dawes Wales Carwyn James Wales Barry John, 30 Won 2–1 (1 drawn test)
1974 South Africa Willie John McBride Syd Millar Wales Phil Bennett, 26 Won 3–0 (1 drawn test)
1977 New Zealand Wales Phil Bennett Wales John Dawes Wales Phil Bennett, 18 Lost 1–3 (New Zealand)
1980 South Africa England Bill Beaumont Noel Murphy Tony Ward, 18 Lost 1–3
1983 New Zealand Ciaran Fitzgerald Scotland Jim Telfer Ollie Campbell, 15 Lost 0–4
1989 Australia Scotland Finlay Calder Scotland Ian McGeechan Scotland Gavin Hastings, 28 Won 2–1
1993 New Zealand Scotland Gavin Hastings Scotland Ian McGeechan Scotland Gavin Hastings, 38 Lost 1–2
1997 South Africa England Martin Johnson Scotland Ian McGeechan
Scotland Jim Telfer
Wales Neil Jenkins, 41 Won 2–1
2001 Australia England Martin Johnson New Zealand Graham Henry England Jonny Wilkinson, 36 Lost 1–2
2005 New Zealand Brian O'Driscoll
England Martin Corry
Wales Gareth Thomas
England Sir Clive Woodward England Jonny Wilkinson, 31 Lost 0–3
2009 South Africa Paul O'Connell Scotland Ian McGeechan Wales Stephen Jones, 39 Lost 1–2
2013 Australia Wales Sam Warburton
Wales Alun Wyn Jones
New Zealand Warren Gatland Wales Leigh Halfpenny, 49 Won 2–1
2017 New Zealand New Zealand Warren Gatland|

Other International matches

Year Against Captain Head coach Top Scorer Result Related tour
1910  Southern Rhodesia Wales Jack Jones England William Cail
Wales Walter E. Rees
Wales Reg Plummer, 6 Won 1910 British Lions tour to South Africa
1924  Rhodesia Wales Neil MacPherson Wales Harry Packer Scotland Ian Smith, 6 Won 1924 British Lions tour to South Africa
1930  Ceylon Ireland James Leo Farrell England James Baxter Won 1930 British Lions tour to New Zealand and Australia
1938  Rhodesia Ireland Sam Walker England Bernard Charles Hartley Wales Viv Jenkins, 7 Won 1938 British Lions tour to South Africa
1938  Rhodesia Ireland Sam Walker England Bernard Charles Hartley Wales Elvet Jones, 9 Won 1938 British Lions tour to South Africa
1950  Ceylon England Leslie B. Osborne Won 1950 British Lions tour to New Zealand and Australia
1955 South-West Africa Scotland Angus Cameron Ireland Jack Siggins Ireland Tony O'Reilly, 3
England Frank Sykes, 3
Wales Haydn Morris, 3
Won 1955 British Lions tour to South Africa
1955  Rhodesia Wales Cliff Morgan Ireland Jack Siggins England Frank Sykes, 9 Won 1955 British Lions tour to South Africa
1955  Rhodesia Wales Cliff Morgan Ireland Jack Siggins England Doug Baker, 6 Won 1955 British Lions tour to South Africa
1955  East Africa
(Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika)
Ireland Robin Thompson Ireland Jack Siggins Scotland Arthur Smith, 15 Won 1955 British Lions tour to South Africa
1962  Rhodesia Scotland Arthur Smith Ireland Harry McKibbin England Mike Weston, 12 Won 1962 British Lions tour to South Africa
1962 South-West Africa England Dickie Jeeps Ireland Harry McKibbin England Mike Weston, 3
Wales Keith Rowlands, 3
Ireland Raymond Hunter, 3
Won 1962 British Lions tour to South Africa
1962  East Africa Scotland Mike Campbell-Lamerton Ireland Harry McKibbin England Richard Sharp, 14 Won 1962 British Lions tour to South Africa
1966  Canada Scotland Mike Campbell-Lamerton Wales John Robins Ireland Noel Murphy, 6 Won 1966 British Lions tour to Australia and New Zealand
1968  Rhodesia Ireland Tom Kiernan Ireland Ronnie Dawson Wales Keith Jarrett, 10 Won 1968 British Lions tour to South Africa
1968 South-West Africa Scotland Jim Telfer Ireland Ronnie Dawson England Bob Hiller, 11 Won 1968 British Lions tour to South Africa
1974 South-West Africa Wales Gareth Edwards Ireland Syd Millar Scotland Andy Irvine, 8 Won 1974 British Lions tour to South Africa
1974  Rhodesia Wales Gareth Edwards Ireland Syd Millar Scotland Andy Irvine, 22 Won 1974 British Lions tour to South Africa
1977  Fiji Wales Phil Bennett Wales John Dawes Wales Phil Bennett, 13 Lost 1977 British Lions tour to New Zealand
1977 Barbarian F.C. Wales Phil Bennett Wales John Dawes Wales Phil Bennett, 8 Won No tour – Home match as part of Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee celebrations (just returned from New Zealand)
1986 Rest of the World XV Scotland Colin Deans Ireland Mick Doyle Scotland John Beattie, 4 Lost No Tour – Home Match as part of IRB centenary celebrations
1989  France England Rob Andrew Scotland Ian McGeechan Scotland Gavin Hastings, 22 Won No Tour – one-off match as part of French bi-centennial celebrations
1990 Rest of Europe XV Scotland David Sole England Roger Uttley Scotland Gavin Hastings, 19 Won No Tour – Charity Match in aid of Romania. Not billed as Lions, but as Four Home Unions
2005  Argentina Wales Michael Owen England Clive Woodward England Jonny Wilkinson, 20 Draw 2005 New Zealand tour warm-up – Home match
2013 Barbarians F.C. Ireland Paul O'Connell New Zealand Warren Gatland England Owen Farrell Won 2013 Australia tour warm-up - Away match

Lions non-tour and home matches

The Lions have played a number of "home matches" against international opposition. With the exception of the 2005 home match against Argentina (which was played as a warm-up to the 2005 British and Irish Lions tour to New Zealand), these matches have been one-offs to mark special occasions:

  1. The Lions played an unofficial international match in 1955 at Cardiff Arms Park against a Welsh XV to mark the 75th anniversary of the Welsh Rugby Union. The Lions won 20–17 but did not include all the big names of the 1955 tour, such as Tony O'Reilly, Jeff Butterfield, Phil Davies, Dickie Jeeps, Bryn Meredith and Jim Greenwood, but was not bereft of great internationals such as the Newport wing Ken Jones who toured New Zealand with the Lions in 1950.[19][20]
  2. In 1977, the Lions played their first official home game, against the Barbarians as a charity fund-raiser held as part of the Queen's silver jubilee celebrations. The Baa-Baas line-up featured JPR Williams, Gerald Davies, Gareth Edwards, Jean-Pierre Rives and Jean-Claude Skrela. The Lions included 13 of the team which played in the fourth test vs New Zealand three weeks before and won 23–14.[21]
  3. In 1986, a match was organised against a Rest of the World XV as both a warm-up to the 1986 South Africa tour, which was subsequently cancelled, and as a celebration match to mark the International Rugby Board's centenary. The Lions lost 15–7, but never toured.
  4. In 1989, Rob Andrew captained the Lions in their victory against France in Paris. The game formed part of the celebrations of the bi-centennial of the French Revolution. The Lions won 29–27.
  5. In 1990, a team titled the "Four Home Unions" was put together to play the "Rest of Europe XV". This was a match to raise money for the rebuilding of Romania following the overthrow of Nicolae Ceauşescu in December 1989. The team's logo was that used by the Lions, i.e. the crests of the four home unions united in a shield. The Rest of Europe played under the symbol of the Federaţia Română de Rugby.

See also



a. ^ Names of the Lions in the languages of Britain and Ireland:

  • English: British and Irish Lions
  • Irish: Leoin na Breataine agus na hÉireann
  • Scots: Breetish an Erse Lions
  • Scottish Gaelic: Leòghainn Bhreatainn agus Èireann
  • Welsh: Llewod Prydeinig a Gwyddelig
  • Cornish: Lewyow Predennek ha Iwerdhonek


  2. Griffiths (1987), pg 9:3.
  3. Griffiths (1987), pg 9:6.
  4. 1 2 Godwin (1981), pg 231.
  5. Griffiths (1987), pg 9–8.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Lions change stripes" at Lions website, 17 April 2005 (archive)
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 Bath, Richard (2008). The British & Irish Lions Miscellany. London: Vision Sports Publishing. p. 76.
  8. Richard Bath, The British & Irish Lions Miscellany, page 1, 2008, (Vision Sports Publishing:London)
  9. 1 2 Richard Bath, The British & Irish Lions Miscellany, page 77, 2008, (Vision Sports Publishing:London)
  10. Lions name is a source of great pride The Times 19 June 2009
  11. "2013 British Lions Shirt Launched". 29 October 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  12. Griffiths, John (5 December 2011). "The Lions tour that never was, Cecil Afrika's Sevens' career and Shane Williams' try-scoring rate". ESPN scrum. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  13. Thomas, Clem (2005). The History of the British and Irish Lions. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. p. 202. ISBN 1845960300.
  14. "O'Connell handed Lions captaincy". BBC Sport. 21 April 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
  15. "Springboks Take The Series: SA 28 Lions 25". Rugby Breakdown. 27 June 2009. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
  16. Jones, Chris (18 October 2010). "Andy Irvine proud to be named Lion king for Australia tour". Evening Standard. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  17. "Lions line up match in Hong Kong". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  18. Paul Rees (6 July 2013). "Lion kings of cash turn thoughts to New Zealand 2017 and beyond". The Guardian. Guardian Media. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  19. "Lions at Home". Archived from the original on 16 July 2012.
  20. "International legends celebrate WRU landmark". 15 December 2005. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  21. Seeckts, Richard. "Lions prevail in Queen's silver jubilee celebrations". Retrieved 5 June 2013.

External links

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