This article is about the sausage. For other uses, see Boudin (disambiguation).
Boudin noir, before cooking.

Boudin (French pronunciation: [budɛ̃]) are various kinds of sausage in French, Belgian, German, Quebec, Acadian, Creole, Austrian[1] and Cajun cuisine.


The Anglo-Norman word boudin meant 'sausage', 'blood sausage' or 'entrails' in general. Its origin is unclear. It has been traced both to Romance and to Germanic roots, but there is not good evidence for either.[2] The English word "pudding" probably comes from boudin.[3]


A sliced French boudin noir
Cajun-style smoked Boudin blanc

In the United States

Boudins noirs and blancs at a Christmas market in Brussels

The term "boudin" in the Acadiana cultural region of Louisiana is commonly understood to refer only to boudin blanc and not to other variants. Boudin blanc is the staple boudin of this region and is the one most widely consumed. Also popular is seafood boudin consisting of crab, shrimp, and rice.

Cajun boudin is available most readily in southern Louisiana, particularly in the Lafayette, Lake Charles, Alexandria, Baton Rouge, and smaller, lesser known areas like Ville Platte (the north point of the "Cajun Triangle" where it tends to be a daily staple), though it may be found nearly anywhere in "Cajun Country", including eastern Texas. There are restaurants devoted to the speciality, though boudin is also sold from rice cookers in convenience stores along Interstate 10. Since boudin freezes well, it is shipped to specialty stores and even some large retailers outside the region. Boudin is fast approaching the status of the stars of Cajun cuisine (e.g., dirty rice, étouffée, gumbo, and jambalaya) and has fanatic devotees who travel across Louisiana comparing the numerous homemade varieties.

Boudin Noir is available in Illinois in the Iroquois County towns of Papineau and Beaverville. The dish is the featured cuisine at the annual Beaverville Founder's Day, held the second weekend of September. People travel from hundreds of miles to partake of the boudin.

"Le Boudin"

Boudin gave rise to "Le Boudin", the official march of the French Foreign Legion. "Blood sausage" is a colloquial reference to the gear (rolled up in a red blanket) that used to top the backpacks of Legionnaires. The song makes repeated reference to the fact that the Belgians don't get any "blood sausage", since the King of the Belgians at one time forbade his subjects from joining the Legion (verse says "ce sont des tireurs au cul").

See also


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