Bocas del Toro Province
|Bocas del Toro Province|
Provincia de Bocas del Toro
Location of Bocas del Toro in Panama
|Coordinates (Seat of Government): 9°20′26″N 82°14′26″W / 9.34056°N 82.24056°WCoordinates: 9°20′26″N 82°14′26″W / 9.34056°N 82.24056°W|
|Capital||Bocas del Toro|
|• Total||4,657.2 km2 (1,798.2 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||27/km2 (70/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Eastern Time (UTC-5)|
|ISO 3166 code||PA-1|
|Google Earth, Statiods|
Bocas del Toro (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbokaz ðel ˈtoɾo]; meaning "Mouths of the Bull") is a province of Panama. Its area is 4,643.9 square kilometers, comprising the mainland and nine main islands. The province consists of the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Bahía Almirante (Almirante Bay), Laguna de Chiriquí (Chiriquí Lagoon), and adjacent mainland. The capital is the city of Bocas del Toro (or Bocas Town) on Isla Colón (Colón Island). Other major cities or towns include Almirante and Changuinola. The province has a population of 125,461 as of 2010.
Christopher Columbus and his crew first visited the area in 1502. Bocas del Toro borders the Caribbean Sea to the north, Limón Province of Costa Rica to the west, Chiriquí Province to the south, and Ngöbe-Buglé Comarca to the east. The Río Sixaola forms part of the border with Costa Rica. An old railroad bridge spans the river between Guabito and Sixaola, Costa Rica. The bridge is a border crossing used by tourists going between destinations in Bocas del Toro and Costa Rica.
The province contains two national parks, Isla Bastimentos National Marine Park and La Amistad International Park. The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute operates a research station on Colón Island just northwest of Bocas Town. There are many banana plantations in Bocas del Toro, often called the oro verde, or green gold of Central America.
Christopher Columbus explored the area in 1502 while searching for the passage to the Pacific Ocean. Columbus's original name for the island was Isla del Drago. In colonial times, Bocas del Toro was part of Veraguas. It was originally part of Costa Rica until, in one of many territorial disputes, Colombia took control of it with armed forces. The then government made a reservation called Bocas del Toro in 1834. In 1850, Bocas del Toro became a part of Chiriqui, then was separated from it and became part of Colon. On November 16, 1903, Bocas del Toro was separated from Colon and became its own province. In 1941, Bocas del Toro was divided into two districts, Bocas del Toro and Crimamola. Four years later, it became part of the same division as before. In 1970, Bocas del Toro district became Changuinola, the district of Bastimentos was eliminated, and three new districts were added, making the province what it is today. The districts' areas changed in 1997 when the Ngöbe-Buglé Comarca was created.
The national parks in the province are Isla Bastimentos National Marine Park (Parque Nacional Marino Isla Bastimentos), which contains most of Isla Bastimentos and some smaller nearby islands and extends into the large nature preserve at the Red Frog Beach Island Resort, and La Amistad International Park (Parque Internacional La Amistad), which spans the Costa Rica–Panama border. Bocas del Toro contains most of the Panamanian section of the park, which covers 400,000 hectares (4,000 km2; 1,544 sq mi). The Costa Rican section of the park covers 584,592 hectares (5,846 km2; 2,257 sq mi). La Amistad International Park is a designated UNESCO World Heritage site.
|Bocas del Toro District||1855||430 km²||Bocas del Toro, Bastimentos, Cauchero, Punta Laurel, and Tierra Oscura||Bocas del Toro|
|Changuinola District||1903||3,995 km²||Changuinola, Almirante, Guabito, Teribe, Valle del Risco, El Empalme, Las Tablas, Valle de Agua, Nance de Risco, Las Delicias, Cochigro, and La Gloria||Changuinola|
|Chiriquí Grande District||1970||207 km²||Chiriquí Grande, Miramar, Punte Peña, Punta Robalo, and Rambala||Chiriquí Grande|
|Climate data for Bocas del Toro (1971-2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)|| 30.8
|Average low °C (°F)|| 20.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)|| 123.9
|Average precipitation days||16.6||14.6||14.8||15.2||16.7||17.9||20.9||18.4||15.8||16.4||17||20.0||204.3|
|Source: World Meteorological Organization|
- Google Earth
- Provinces of Panama
- Somos Panama Archived March 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 15 March 2011
- Panama 2010 Census Retrieved: 24 May 2011
- "Lonely Planet". Bocas del Toro History. Retrieved: 15 March 2011
- Frommer's Panama (1st ed.). 2007. ISBN 978-0-470-04890-0.
- Bocas del Toro Research Station Retrieved: 14 June 2009.
- "Changuinola". Changuinola Banana. Retrieved: 15 March 2011
- "Red Frog Beach". Red Frog Beach.
- UNESCO La Amistad International Park overview Retrieved: 14 June 2009.
- "World Weather Information Service - Bocas del Toro". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
10. ^ www.bocasdeltoro.com Official Web Site of the Island 11. ^ http://bocasdeltoro.travel/ Official Bocas del Toro Travel Website
- Media related to Bocas del Toro at Wikimedia Commons
- Paraiso for Sale 2011 documentary about US immigration to Bocas, and the attendant impact on locals and indigenous peoples