November 10, 1916|
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.
January 22, 2004 87) (aged|
San Juan Capistrano, California U.S.
|Occupation||Composer, arranger, trumpeter|
Edward William "Billy" May, Jr (November 10, 1916 – January 22, 2004) was an American composer, arranger and trumpeter. He composed film and television music for The Green Hornet (1966), The Mod Squad (1968), Batman (with Batgirl theme, 1967), and Naked City (1960). He collaborated on films such as Pennies from Heaven (1981), and orchestrated Cocoon, and Cocoon: The Return, among others.
May also wrote arrangements for many top singers, including Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Anita O'Day, Peggy Lee, Vic Damone, Bobby Darin, Johnny Mercer, Ella Fitzgerald, Jack Jones, Bing Crosby, Sandler and Young, Nancy Wilson, Rosemary Clooney, The Andrews Sisters and Ella Mae Morse. He also collaborated with satirist Stan Freberg on several classic 1950s and 1960s satirical music albums.
As a trumpet player, during the 1940s big-band era, May recorded such songs as "Measure for Measure", "Long Tall Mama", and "Boom Shot", with Glenn Miller and His Orchestra, and "The Wrong Idea", "Lumby", and "Wings Over Manhattan" with Charlie Barnet and His Orchestra. With his own band, May had a hit single, "Charmaine", in 1952, and he released an album, Sorta-May.
May was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He started out playing the tuba in the high school band. "I sat in the rear of the stand. [...] I didn't realize it at the time, but I was intrigued with becoming an arranger and an orchestrator." At the age of seventeen May began playing with Gene Olsen's Polish-American Orchestra. After playing for a few local bands, May heard Charlie Barnet's band on the radio in his hometown of Pittsburgh. May approached the bandleader and asked if he could write arrangements for the band. This happened in the summer of 1938. From 1938 to 1940, May wrote arrangements and played trumpet for Charlie Barnet's big band. His arrangement of the Ray Noble composition "Cherokee" became a major hit of the swing music era. During the Barnet days, May revealed a significant flair for satire on a composition titled "The Wrong Idea", composed with Charlie Barnet, that ridiculed the bland "Mickey Mouse" style of safe big-band music with specific musical mockery of bandleader Sammy Kaye, known for his "swing and sway" trademark. May's caustic lyrics to the song called it "swing and sweat with Charlie Barnet". Bandleader Glenn Miller hired May away from Charlie Barnet in 1940. "May points out that he was not responsible for any of the [Glenn Miller] band's signature hits, but he did write the beautiful left-field introduction to [Bill] Finegan's [arrangement of] 'Serenade In Blue'."
With Capitol Records
At Capitol, May wrote arrangements for many top artists. These included Frank Sinatra on the albums Come Fly with Me (1958), Come Dance with Me! (1959) and Come Swing with Me! (1961); Nat King Cole on the albums Just One of Those Things and Let's Face the Music!, as well as numerous singles (all his work with Cole being packaged later on the 2-CD set The Billy May Sessions); Stan Freberg, with whom he was a longtime collaborator, featuring on many of the artist's comedy recordings; Peggy Lee on the album Pretty Eyes; Sue Raney on her second album Songs for a Raney Day; Vic Damone on the albums The Lively Ones and Strange Enchantment; Jeri Southern on the album Jeri Southern Meets Cole Porter; Keely Smith on the album Politely and on a duet single, "Nothing In Common"/"How Are Ya Fixed For Love?", with Sinatra; Bobby Darin on the album Oh! Look at Me Now; Nancy Wilson on the albums Like In Love, Something Wonderful, Tender Loving Care, Nancy - Naturally! and various tracks from the albums Just For Now and Lush Life; Matt Monro on several tracks from the albums Invitation to the Movies, Invitation to Broadway, and These Years; Bing Crosby and Rosemary Clooney on the albums That Travelin' Two-Beat and Fancy Meeting You Here; and Sir George Shearing on the albums Satin Affair and Burnished Brass, co-arranged with Shearing (May also conducted Shearing's album Concerto For My Love, on which Shearing had sole credit for the arrangements).
Additionally, May's orchestra was featured on many Capitol Records children's projects, including cowboy star, Hopalong Cassidy. He also worked closely with early 1950s satirist Stan Freberg, using his arranging skills to help Freberg create his spoofs of current hits by creating musical backing often stunningly close to the original hit single. On Freberg's Wun'erful, Wun'erful! a lacerating spoof of bandleader Lawrence Welk, May hired some of the best jazz musicians in Hollywood for his recording sessions, and they relished the idea of mocking the financially successful Welk sound, which they considered musically awful. The result was a note-perfect recreation of Welk's sound as Freberg and a group of vocalists created parodies of Welk's "musical family". Freberg has recounted that Welk was less than amused by the results, which he could not have achieved without May.
May also composed and conducted the music for Freberg's short-lived comedy radio series on CBS, which ran for fifteen episodes in 1957. His send-up of trashy horror-film music ("Gray Flannel Hat Full of Teenage Werewolves") is notable.
Much of May's work for Capitol has been reissued on the Ultra-Lounge series of CDs.
With other record labels
The Crosby-Clooney collaboration was a sequel to their earlier album on RCA Records, Fancy Meeting You Here, also arranged by May.
May’s other non-Capitol work included another Bing Crosby duet album, this time with Louis Armstrong, entitled Bing & Satchmo; a further duet album twinning Bobby Darin with Johnny Mercer, called Two Of A Kind; the sixth in Ella Fitzgerald's acclaimed series of Song Books for Verve Records, Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Harold Arlen Songbook; similar dips into Cole Porter and Rodgers and Hart with Anita O'Day, entitled Anita O'Day Swings Cole Porter with Billy May and Anita O'Day and Billy May Swing Rodgers and Hart (both on Verve); Mel Tormé’s Latin-flavoured album ¡Olé Tormé!: Mel Tormé Goes South of the Border with Billy May; Movie Star Jane Russell's self-titled album on MGM Records in 1958; early albums by Jack Jones (Shall We Dance?) and Petula Clark (In Hollywood); one solitary session with Sarah Vaughan for Roulette Records in 1960, to record the single "The Green Leaves of Summer" and three other tracks; May also arranged and recorded one album in Cleveland with Cosmic Records titled "Guess Who" for the Golden Key Club Cosmic Records Cleveland and two more albums with Keely Smith, recorded nearly forty years apart – CheroKeely Swings from 1962 and Keely Sings Sinatra, one of May’s last pieces of work, from 2001.
After Sinatra left Capitol to start his own label, Reprise Records, May continued to provide arrangements for him, off and on, for nearly thirty more years, working on the albums Sinatra Swings, Francis A. & Edward K. (with Duke Ellington) and Trilogy 1: The Past, as well as the chart for one of Sinatra's last ever solo recordings, "Cry Me a River" (1988). In addition, May was the natural choice to arrange Sinatra's knockabout duet with Sammy Davis Jr., "Me and My Shadow", which was a hit single on both sides of the Atlantic in 1962, whilst he also contributed to Sinatra's ambitious "Reprise Musical Repertory Theatre" project, providing a few arrangements for three of its four albums, South Pacific, Kiss Me, Kate and Guys and Dolls, May's charts being variously performed by Sinatra, Davis, Crosby, Dean Martin, Jo Stafford and Lou Monte and yielding a perennial Sinatra concert favourite, "Luck Be a Lady" from Guys and Dolls.
May's charts often featured brisk tempos and intricate brass parts. One distinctive feature of his style is his frequent use of trumpet mute devices; another, a saxophone glissando, is widely known as his "slurping saxes". However, May was also an accomplished writer in slower tempos, sometimes using string arrangements. Good examples of this aspect of his work include his brass chart for "These Foolish Things (Remind Me of You)" on the Cole album Just One of Those Things, his string arrangement of "April in Paris" on Sinatra's Come Fly With Me album, and his arrangement of "I Can't Get Started" on Keely Smith's Politely, which includes a nod to May in the lyrics ("Billy May arranged this for me").
Film and television soundtrack work
In 1957, May made his debut as film composer with Jane Russell's The Fuzzy Pink Nightgown and soundtrack recording was released on Imperial Records (this album would eventually become a collector's item). May's musical compositions for television include "Somewhere in the Night", which was the theme music for the Naked City (1960) television series, and his jazz style re-arrangement of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's Flight of the Bumblebee, which was the theme music for The Green Hornet (1966) television series, which featured a trumpet performance by Al Hirt. May also composed the music for the "Batgirl Theme" song, which was used in the Batman (1966) television series when the Batgirl character was added to the cast in 1967. Along with Nelson Riddle, he was also involved in scoring episodes of Naked City (1960), Batman (1966), The Green Hornet (1966), Emergency! (1972) and some first season episodes of CHiPs (1977). His film scores include the Rat Pack film Sergeants 3 (1962), Johnny Cool (1963), Tony Rome (1967), The Secret Life of an American Wife (1968) and The Ballad of Andy Crocker (1969). May also arranged and produced the song "River of No Return" for Capitol recording artist Tennessee Ernie Ford for the 1954 film of the same name starring Marilyn Monroe and Robert Mitchum. Billy May and His Orchestra is also credited as playing themselves in the film Nightmare (1956), starring Edward G. Robinson, and May as music and vocal arranger of music by Herschel Burke Gilbert, who was also musical director.
Compositions by Billy May
Billy May's compositions included "Long Tall Mama" and "Measure For Measure", recorded with the Glenn Miller Orchestra, "Boom Shot", written with Glenn Miller (Billy's wife Arletta originally received credit as co-author in his place) for the soundtrack of the 1942 20th Century Fox movie Orchestra Wives, "Harlem Chapel Bells", which was performed with Glenn Miller and his Orchestra on April 2, 1941 and broadcast on the Chesterfield Moonlight Serenade radio program on CBS, "Lean Baby", "Fat Man Boogie", "Ping Pong", "Jooms Jones", "Gabby Goose", "Lumby", "Daisy Mae" and "Friday Afternoon" with Hal McIntyre, "Miles Behind", "The Wrong Idea" with Charlie Barnet, "Wings Over Manhattan", "Filet of Soul", "Mayhem", "Gin and Tonic", and "Solving the Riddle". But his biggest hit as a composer was the children's song "I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat", which he recorded with Mel Blanc in 1950. Another arrangement, "Be My Host", served as the winner's fanfare on The Newlywed Game and was played after host Bob Eubanks announced who the winning couple was.
Selected solo recordings
- 1952 "Charmaine" (Capitol 1919) charted for two weeks, peaked at No. 17
- 1956 Main title from The Man With the Golden Arm (Capitol 3372) charted for fourteen weeks, peaked at No. 49; and UK No. 9
- 1952 A Band Is Born
- 1952 A Big Band Bash
- 1954 Sorta-May
- 1955 Sorta-Dixie
- 1955 Bacchanalia
- 1955 Naughty Operetta
- 1955 Arthur Murray Favorites Cha Cha Mambos
- 1957 Jimmy Lunceford In Hi-Fi
- 1957 Plays For Fancy Dancin'
- 1958 Billy May's Big Fat Brass
- 1960 Cha Cha! Billy May
- 1960 The Girls and Boys On Broadway
- 1962 The Sweetest Swingin' Sounds of Billy May
- 1962 Process 70
- 1963 Bill's Bag
- 1966 Billy May Today!
- Billy May at the Internet Movie Database
- Will Friedwald (1997). Sinatra! The Song Is You. p. 278. ISBN 978-0-306-80742-8
- Friedwald, 278.
- Friedwald 280.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-08. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
- "Keely Smith - I Can't Get Started [Mono Vinyl]". YouTube. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- Friedwald, 282.
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories 1890-1954. Record Research In. p. 303 of 657. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- Whitburn, Joel (2000). Top Pop Singles 1955-1999. Record Research In. p. 415 of 932. ISBN 0-89820-139-X.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 356. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Mirtle, Jack (1998). The Music of Billy May: A Discography. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-30739-3
- Billy May profile at Allmusic
- NAMM (National Association of Music Merchants) Oral History Interview with Billy May April 4, 2002