Bhaca language

Not to be confused with Baca language.
Native to South Africa
Ethnicity Bhaca people
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog bhac1238[1]

Bhaca (Baca) is a minor Bantu language of South Africa.[2] Traditionally considered a dialect of Xhosa, it is closer to Swazi and Phuthi.[3][4] It is spoken southeast of Lesotho, where Sotho, Xhosa and Zulu meet, mainly around Mount Frere, Mzimkhulu, and to a lesser extent in Mount Ayliff, Matatiele, Harding and Ixopo.


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Bhaca". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. 1 2 Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. Jordan, Archibald C. (1942). "Some features of the phonetic and grammatical structure of Baca". Masters dissertation. University of Cape Town.
  4. Swazi at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
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