Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence
"Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence", also referred as Riverside Church speech, is an anti-Vietnam war and pro-social justice speech delivered by Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1967, coincidentally exactly one year before he was assassinated. The major speech at Riverside Church in New York, New York, followed several interviews and several other public speeches in which King came out against the war in Vietnam and the policies that created the war. Some, like civil rights leader Ralph Bunche, the NAACP, and the editorial page writers of the Washington Post and the New York Times called the Riverside Church speech a mistake on King's part. Others—including James Bevel, King's partner and strategist in the Civil Rights Movement—called it King's most important speech. It was written by activist and historian Vincent Harding.
King delivered the speech, sponsored by the group Clergy and Laymen Concerned About Vietnam, after committing to participate in New York's April 15, 1967, anti-Vietnam war march from Central Park to the United Nations sponsored by the Spring Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam.
In popular culture
Excerpts from this speech are used in the song "Together" by Nordic Giants.
- "Vincent Harding dies at 82; historian wrote controversial King speech". LA Times. May 23, 2014. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
- Face the Nation, CBS News, August 29, 1965
- "A Tragedy", Washington Post, April 6, 1967
- "Dr. King's Error", New York Times, April 7, 1967
- Matt Schudel (May 22, 2014). "Vincent Harding, author of Martin Luther King Jr.'s antiwar speech, dies". Retrieved June 10, 2015.
- Tavis Smiley on PBS
- Full transcript of the speech from Commondreams.org
- Full transcript and audio of speech at American Rhetoric Online Speech Bank.