Berlin Police

Berlin Police
Der Polizeipräsident in Berlin
Common name Berliner Polizei / Polizei Berlin

Patch of the Berlin Police
Agency overview
Formed 23 June 1848
Employees 22,000 [1]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Location of Berlin shown in Germany
Size 891.85 km²
Population 3,479,740
Governing body Senate of Berlin
Constituting instruments
  • Allgemeines Gesetz zum Schutz der öffentlichen Sicherheit und Ordnung (ASOG Berlin) (Law of the protection of public safety and order)
  • Strafprozeßordnung (StPO) (Code of criminal procedure)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Platz der Luftbrücke 6
12101 Berlin
Agency executive Klaus Kandt, Polizeipräsident
Official website
Berliner map divided into the 6 directorates
Polizeipräsidium, main entry
A patrol car in blue-silver livery

The Berlin Police (German: Der Polizeipräsident in Berlin -The Police Chief of Berlin-, or commonly Berliner Polizei) is the German Landespolizei force for the city-state of Berlin. Law enforcement in Germany is divided between federal and state (Land) agencies.



In March 1848 Berlin was one of the places were the Revolution of 1848 took place (also called the March Revolution). At this time just a small number of police officers (approx. 200 officers for 400,000 citizens) with limited authority, the so-called Revierpolizei (literally police station police) existed. To fight the revolution, the chief of police, police commissioner Dr. Julius Freiher von Minutoli asked the Prussian army for help. They send two guard cavallery regiments (the Regiment Gardes du Corps (cuirassiers), the 1. Garde-Dragoner Regiment "Königin Victoria von Großbritannien und Irland" (dragoons)), and three guard infantry regiments (1. and 2. Garderegiment zu Fuss, Kaiser Alexander Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr.1). Approximately 230 citizens were shot or killed by saber because the guard troops had the order "Immer feste druff!" (~ strike them hard). After a couple of days the troops withdrew and a militia ("Bürgerwehr") with a strength of 20,000 men was founded. In short, the militia was worthless.

Shortly after the revolution, King Frederick William IV of Prussia founded the "Königliche Schutzmannschaft zu Berlin" in June 1848. It was the first modern police force in Germany from the viewpoint of then and today. It consisted of:

In 1936, during the Nazi regime it was dissolved like all other German police forces, and replaced by the Ordnungspolizei or Orpo. The Orpo was established as a centralized organisation uniting the municipal, city, and rural uniformed forces that had been organised on a state-by-state basis. Eventually the Orpo embraced virtually all of the Third Reich's law-enforcement and emergency response organizations, including fire brigades, coast guard, civil defense, and even night watchmen. It was under the overall command of Heinrich Himmler.[2]

After the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) and the Reunification of Germany (1990), the West Berlin police, with 20,000 employees, and the East Berlin police, with 12,000 employees; were merged under the direction of the western police chief Georg Schertz.[1] Approximately 2,300 officers changed from the West to the East and approximately 2,700 from the East to the West. 9,600 East Berlin officers were checked to be possible collaborators of the MfS (Stasi). 8,544 of them got a recommendation, 1,056 not. Approximately 2,000 were retired or resigned themselves.

Police chiefs

This is a list of police chiefs from 1945:[3]



Berlin Police is divided into 6 local directorates (Direktion). Each local directorate is responsible for one to three Berliner districts:

Each Direktion had a couple of Abschnitte (precincts, all in all 38) where the patrol car staff (Schutzpolizei/Schupo) is located. Other sub departments of a Direktion are (not all listed):


Dedicated to the LKA:

The directorate central operations has the following sub branches:

Defunct Unit

See also


  1. 1 2 (German) Infos and brief history of Berlin Police Archived January 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. Williams, Max (2001). Reinhard Heydrich: The Biography: Volume 1, Ulric, p. 77.
  3. (German) List of police chiefs of Berlin
  4. (German) Polizeidirektion 1 Archived January 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. (German) Polizeidirektion 2 Archived January 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. (German) Polizeidirektion 3 Archived January 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. (German) Polizeidirektion 4 Archived January 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. (German) Polizeidirektion 5 Archived January 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. (German) Polizeidirektion 6 Archived January 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. (German) Landeskriminalamt Berlin Archived January 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. (German) is an "overregional directorate" Direktion Zentrale Aufgaben Berlin Archived January 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. (German) Zentrale Serviceeinheit Berlin Archived April 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. (German) Freiwilliger Polizeidienst Berlin website

External links

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