Bengo Province


Bengo, province of Angola
Country Angola
Capital Caxito
  Total 31,371 km2 (12,112 sq mi)
Population (2014 census)
  Total 351,579
  Density 11/km2 (29/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code AO-BGO

Coordinates: 8°47′S 13°59′E / 8.783°S 13.983°E / -8.783; 13.983

Boat on a beach of Bengo.

Bengo is a province of Angola. Its capital is Caxito. According to 1988 statistics, there were 18,700 people living in urban areas with 137,400 in rural areas, with a total of 156,100 residents.[1] It has an area of 33,016 square kilometres, and its current population is approximately 450,000. The province had been created in 1980 by dividing the original province Luanda into Bengo and the then smaller province Luanda.[2]


The province is bordered by the provinces of Zaire to the North, Uige to the Northeast, Cuanza Norte to the East, and Cuanza Sul to the South. It has two western coastal stretches along the Atlantic Ocean, and forms an enclave around the national capital's province of Luanda. The Kissama National Park and the Kibinda Forest Reserve are here. The province also has a number of lakes, most of them are in the municipalities of Dande and Icolo and Bengo. There are lagoons at Panguila and Ibendoa, Cabiri and Ulua do Sungui.


Since the territorial reform of July 2011

The Angolan National Assembly approved a law on July 27, 2011 reorganizing the territorial subdivisions of Luanda and Bengo provinces .[2] The law moved the Icolo e Bengo and Quiçama municipalities from Bengo province to Luanda province and created new municipalities in both provinces. Now, Bengo is divided into six municipalities: Ambriz, Bula-Atumba, Dande, Dembos, Nambuangongo, and Pango Aluquém.[3]

Before the territorial reform of 2011

The province of Bengo contained five municipalities (municípios):[4]

Município Capital[5] Area (km2)[5] Pop. (2006 est)[5]
Ambriz Ambriz 4,204 16,611
Dande Caxito 6,529 82,992
Ícolo e Bengo Catete 3,819 58,830
Nambuangongo Muxaluando 5,604 110,831
Quiçama Muxima 12,046 29,905

Icolo e Bengo and Quiçama have been moved to Luanda Province in 2011.

Some sources also show the following municipalities in Bengo province: Bula-Atumba,[5] Dembos,[5][6] and Pango-Aluquém,[5][6] while others list those three in Cuanza Norte (Kwanza Norte) province.[4]


The province of Bengo contains the following communes (comunas):[7]

Natural resources

Bengo is known by the abundant fishes, with a few fishing communities along the coast. From this region was found the first dinosaur fossil skeleton from Angola: the Angolatitan.[8]


  1. Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Angola / Tables
  2. 1 2 National Assembly of Angola (27 July 2011). "Lei n.º 29/11 de 1 de Setembro - Alteração da Divisão Político-Administrativa das províncias de Luanda e Bengo" [Law to change the politico-administrative divisions of Luanda and Bengo provinces] (PDF) (in Portuguese). IPGUL 'Noticias'. Retrieved 20 March 2012. While the law had been voted on July 27, 2011, its effective date is 60 days after publication in the Official Journal, which happened on September 1, 2011.
  3. "Bengo". Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  4. 1 2 "Reference Center: Provinces". Angolan Embassy in the United States. Archived from the original on 11 Feb 2006.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Angola Statistics: Bengo. GeoHive. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Angola. Instituto Nacional de Segurança Social, Angola.
  6. 1 2 "Bengo: Municípios". Info-Angola. Retrieved 27 Feb 2010.
  7. "Bengo: Comunas". Info-Angola. Retrieved 27 Feb 2010.
  8. O Mateus, LL Jacobs, AS Schulp, MJ Polcyn, TS Tavares, A Buta Neto, 2011. Angolatitan adamastor, a new sauropod dinosaur and the first record from Angola. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 83 (1), 221-233.

External links

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