Belmont Abbey College
|Motto||Ut in omnibus glorificetur Deus|
Motto in English
|That in all things God may be glorified|
|Type||Private liberal arts college|
|Established||April 21, 1876|
|Affiliation||Roman Catholic (Benedictine)|
|Endowment||$8.02 million (2014)|
|Chancellor||Abbot Placid Solari|
|President||Dr. William K. Thierfelder|
|Location||Belmont, North Carolina, USA|
Crimson and cream|
|Athletics||NCAA Division II – Conference Carolinas|
Belmont Abbey Historic District
100 Belmont--Mt. Holly Rd.|
Belmont, North Carolina
|Area||37.5 acres (15.2 ha)|
|Architectural style||Other, Gothic Revival, American Benedictine|
|NRHP Reference #||93000584|
|Added to NRHP||July 14, 1993|
Belmont Abbey College is a private liberal-arts Catholic college located in Belmont, North Carolina, USA, about 15 miles (24 km) west of Uptown Charlotte. It was founded in 1876 by the Benedictine monks of Belmont Abbey. The school is affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church and the Order of Saint Benedict. It is endorsed by The Newman Guide to Choosing a Catholic College.
Offering an undergraduate education, the college enrolls students from diverse ethnic, cultural, and religious backgrounds.
As a result of the closing of Sacred Heart College (see below), Belmont Abbey is the only college in North Carolina affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church.
Belmont Abbey College was founded in 1876 as St. Mary's College by Benedictine monks from Saint Vincent Archabbey in Pennsylvania. Father Jeremiah O'Connell purchased Caldwell farm and donated the land to the Benedictines, hoping the community would found a Catholic educational institution in the Carolinas. On April 21, 1876, Father Herman Wolfe, from St. Vincent's, arrived with two students to take possession of the property and begin classes. In 1878, the college held its first commencement exercises. Katharine Drexel, a benefactor of the monastery and college, visited Belmont Abbey in 1904. The present name of the college was adopted in 1913. In 1967 John Oetgen, college president and Benedictine priest, conferred an honorary degree on the Protestant evangelist Billy Graham, marking what was at the time seen as a bold ecumenical gesture. Originally a college for young men, Belmont Abbey became a coeducational institution in 1972. In 1987, Sacred Heart College for women merged with the Abbey, and its campus began to host a variety of Abbey classes and programs.
The Belmont Abbey Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. It encompasses 14 contributing buildings, 3 contributing sites, 1 contributing structure, and 1 contributing object (a statue of Saint Benedict (1924)). It includes at its heart the separately listed Belmont Abbey Cathedral. Other contributing buildings include the Brothers' Building (1893, 1897, 1904), Old Science (1893), Jubilee Hall (1897), The Monastery (1880, 1891, and 1894), the College Building (or Stowe Hall, 1886, 1888, 1898), Saint Leo Hall (1907), and The Haid (1929).
Maurus Hall is centrally located on campus and houses a student lounge, grill, and the Holy Grounds coffee shop. Across from Maurus Hall is the Haid, which serves as a student and community theater. The Haid was originally built as a gymnasium. The Abbey Players now perform there. Along Abbey Lane, towards the far end of the campus, are the Vincent Abbot Taylor Library and the William Gaston Science Hall. Administrative offices are located in Robert Stowe Hall, with classrooms on the second and third floors. St. Leo's Hall, built in the American Benedictine style, houses the Campus Book Store and Catholic Shop on the first floor. Professorial offices are located in St. Leo's Hall, and Grace Auditorium is located on the third floor.
The quad is located between the Poellath and O'Connell residence halls, both constructed in the early 1960s. Raphael Arthur Hall, constructed in 1967, offers students individual rooms and sits on the hill above Poellath, near Campus Police. The St. Joseph's Eucharistic Adoration Chapel, dedicated in 2008, is across from Campus Police. Wheeler Athletic Center, completed in 1970, is located behind Poellath Hall. At the back of the campus are the four Cuthbert Allen Apartment buildings, built in 1989. The newly renovated Student Commons, located next to the new cafeteria, houses the campus mailroom, snack machines, a lounge area, and Student Life offices. Behind the Student Commons are the St. Scholastica and St. Benedict residence halls. The Lourdes Grotto, an official pilgrimage shrine, is situated behind O'Connell Hall.
Mary Help of Christians Abbey Basilica
The Abbey Church, the most prominent building on the college's campus, was completed in 1894 under the supervision of Abbot Leo Haid. Drexel made significant donations to the completion of the structure, which served as North Carolina's first and only cathedral prior to the erection of the Diocese of Raleigh in 1924. The church is constructed in the gothic-revival style out of brick and granite, built in the shape of a Latin cross. The towers of the church, named Ora (the taller) and Labora (the smaller), can be seen from most of the college campus. The taller of the two towers holds bells which ring to signal the celebration of the Eucharist and the Liturgy of the Hours. The monastic community continues to hold daily services which are open to the student body and the public. Following the Second Vatican Council, the interior of the Abbey Church was renovated in a modernist style in order to facilitate the liturgical reforms of the era. In 1975, Belmont Abbey lost its territorial status and cathedral rank to the newly created Diocese of Charlotte. In 1998 Pope John Paul II named the Abbey Church a minor basilica in recognition of the historic and aesthetic significance of the structure.
Sacred Heart Campus
The Sisters of Mercy of Belmont reside at Sacred Heart Convent, in downtown Belmont. The convent is located on a campus made up of various organizations like Catherine's House, Holy Angels, and Mercy Heritage Center, archives for the Sisters of Mercy of the Americas. In 1892 the sisters began a finishing school for girls that eventually became a four-year degree institution, Sacred Heart College. Sacred Heart College closed in 1987, and a section of the Sacred Heart College is now rented by Belmont Abbey and called Sacred Heart Campus; classes are offered at Sacred Heart for both traditional and adult degree students. Belmont Abbey continues to offer alumnae services to graduates from Sacred Heart College.
St. Joseph Adoration Chapel
The Saint Joseph Adoration Chapel was dedicated on November 7, 2008. It marked the first building project under President Bill Thierfelder. Dr. Thierfelder wanted all that came to the Belmont Abbey College campus, that the college finds its center in Jesus Christ. During the Fall and Spring semesters, the chapel is open 24 hours a day for prayers and the Blessed Sacrament is exposed from 6:00am to 9:00pm.
Plans were proposed by the President of the college in 2008 to construct a new residence hall on campus in order to facilitate increased enrollment. In the Fall of 2012, construction began on two new residence halls to open in the Fall of 2013.
In the Summer of 2011, construction began on a state-of-the-art integrated cafeteria. The construction was complete in time for the new cafeteria to open to the student body beginning in the Fall of 2012.
The Abbey is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools and approved by the American Medical Association. More than 80 percent of the faculty at Belmont Abbey hold doctoral degrees in their subjects. After completing a core curriculum, students declare a major and concentrate within their chosen areas of study.
The college's First Year Symposium, required for incoming freshmen, seeks to acclimate new students to college life. Taught by professors from various fields, this course explains the theories of a liberal education and introduces students to the Rule of St. Benedict and the Catholic intellectual tradition.
Rankings and reputation
In 2006 the Abbey was ranked as one of the best colleges in the Southeast by U.S. News & World Report and The Princeton Review. The Abbey was likewise ranked first in North Carolina – and second in the Southeast – for class size by the U.S. News & World Report.
The Belmont Abbey Crusaders participate in the NCAA's Division II program. The Crusaders are members of Conference Carolinas. Men's and women's lacrosse, women's golf. Men's and women's tennis and men's and women's track and field have been added for the 2009 season. Al McGuire coached Basketball for the Crusaders from 1957 to 1964. During his tenure the team had 5 post-season tournament appearances.
In 2009, the Crusaders Baseball team reached the NCAA Division II World Series, at the USA Baseball Training Complex located in Cary, North Carolina. The Crusaders were ranked 6th in their respective regional tournament and went on to win four straight against nationally ranked teams to capture their first regional championship. The Crusaders fell to eventual National Champions Lynn University after winning two in a row. The Crusaders finished the season ranked 3rd in the Nation.
In 2012, Women's Volleyball, Women's Soccer, and Men's Basketball all won the NCAA Division II Conference Carolina title.
Organizations and Greek Life
The Abbey has over 40 student organizations, an active Student Government Association, and many Greek organizations belonging to the college's Greek Council. Kappa Sigma and Sigma Alpha are the only active fraternities on campus, while active sororities are: Tau Kappa Delta, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Alpha Sigma Pi, and Delta Psi Theta. Delta Tau Delta, Sigma Phi Epsilon, and Tau Kappa Epsilon still have inactive national fraternity chapters.
Belmont Abbey has a theatre department. The Abbey Players of Belmont Abbey College were founded in 1883, and have been a part of campus life for over a century. At present, the theatre produces six shows a year, representing a wide repertoire of drama, comedy and musicals. Participation in the Abbey Players is open to any interested member of the Belmont Abbey College community, and students, faculty, staff and monks regularly appear together. In addition, it functions as the Belmont Community Theatre, which brings in theatre artists from the surrounding Metrolina area.
The new campus cafeteria (Built in the summer of 2012) is located on the residential side of campus, next to the Walter Coggins Student Commons. Robert Lee Stowe Hall contains a grill and Holy Grounds coffee shop.
Incoming freshmen are required to live in either Poellath or O’Connell; two-story single-sex residence halls. Beginning in the Fall of 2013, the students will have the option to live in the new residence halls currently being built (2012). Raphael Arthur Hall provides residents the choice to live in individual rooms. In addition to the three residence halls on campus, upperclassmen are eligible to live in either one of the four on campus Cuthbert Allen apartment buildings or the Cloisters, off-campus apartments in nearby Mount Holly, North Carolina.
- Jordan Anderson – NASCAR driver
- David Brumbaugh – Oklahoma House of Representatives
- Joseph Cryan – New Jersey General Assembly Majority Leader
- Joseph Lennox Federal – Prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Salt Lake City from 1960 to 1980.
- Hal Haid – Major League Baseball player
- Winder R. Harris – U.S. Representative from Virginia
- Nikki Hornsby – Grammy voting singer songwriter guitarist recording artist & founder of CJP-NHRecords
- Franklin Lawson – Retired Professional Soccer player & soccer coach for Georgia Perimeter College
- Robert G. Marshall – Virginia House of Delegates
- Patrick McHenry – U.S. Representative from North Carolina
- Eugene O'Dunne – pioneering anti-racist judge on the Supreme Bench of Baltimore
- Alex Pledger – Professional basketball player for New Zealand Breakers
- Tony Suarez – Professional soccer player for Carolina Lightnin'
- Vincent Stanislaus Waters – Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh
- Patti Wheeler – President and Owner of Wheeler Television Inc.
Faculty health care coverage controversy
In 2007 the college’s administration removed healthcare coverage for “abortion, contraception, and voluntary sterilization” after discovering that these were covered by the college’s healthcare policy. Eight faculty members responded by filing complaints to the North Carolina Department of Insurance, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and the National Women's Law Center. The latter threatened a lawsuit on behalf of the eight faculty members, several of whom were allegedly lifelong Catholics.
The college’s administration have received statements of support from Catholic news sources and other organizations, and the administration has stated that they have no intention of reinstating those portions of the healthcare plan that are contrary to the Catholic identity of the college.
After the student newspaper, The Crusader, published an article in May 2008 pointing out that the Abbey profits from the sale of contraceptives at two stores on its land, the Abbot responded by stating that: “"[They] are preponderantly good operations, i.e. 99 percent or more of their business is not problematic, and the employment generation and economic stimulation they provide for the community of Belmont are worth tolerating a small amount of evil. The Abbey is not willing to lease to them because they sell contraceptives, but despite it."
Lawsuit against the Obama administration
According to a November 11, 2011 online news story by Patricia L. Guilfoyle of Catholic News Service,: "Belmont Abbey College is suing the federal government over a new regulation that requires employer health insurance plans to provide free coverage of contraceptives and sterilization, even if it may be contrary to their religious beliefs."
Objection to a local no-kill shelter
According to a June 20, 2013 online news story by the Associated Press, Belmont Abbey College objected to the rezoning of a nearby 6 acre piece of land that would have been used for a no-kill shelter.
In 2016, the college, along with other religious colleges and universities throughout the United States came under increasing criticism from LGBT advocates for refusing to implement anti-discrimination policies on behalf of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students. Belmont Abbey College argued that its status as a primarily Catholic institution was in conflict with these anti-discrimination protections. In a statement, the college claimed that such recognition and protection of LGBT individuals would "abdicate the responsibility of the college community as a whole to act in accord with its fundamental identity as a community which publicly identifies itself as in communion with the Catholic Church."
- "Belmont Abbey's Endowment". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-24. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-25. Retrieved 2010-05-24. Belmont Abbey History
- Reverend Paschal Baumstein, O.S.B. (October 1992). "Belmont Abbey Historic District" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-11-01.
- "Territorial Abbey of Belmont-Mary Help of Christians". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Article in the Crusader
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-29. Retrieved 2010-05-25. Accreditation
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-23. Retrieved 2010-05-25. Academic programs
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-06-07. Retrieved 2010-05-25. FYS
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-05-25. Link to News Releases
- LifeSiteNews.com. "Belmont Abbey College Removes Employee Benefits for Abortion, Sterilization and Contraception", LifeSiteNews.com, May 7, 2008.
- Wentowski, Ray. "Belmont Abbey Removes Contraception Coverage from Employee Healthcare, Benefits from Contraceptive Sales on Abbey Land" Archived September 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., abbeycrusader.com, May 7, 2008.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "Religious colleges granted Title IX waivers on LGBT issues targeted by activists - The College Fix". The College Fix. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- Official website
- Belmont Abbey Crusaders Athletics
- The Crusader Student Newspaper
- Official Website of the Belmont Abbey Monastery
- Belmont Abbey College student yearbooks on DigitalNC.org