Bayan (accordion)

Main article: Accordion

Free-reed aerophone
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 421.221-12
Playing range

Right-hand manual: The Russian bayan and chromatic button accordions have a much greater right-hand range in scientific pitch notation than accordions with a piano keyboard: five octaves, plus a minor third (written range = E2-G7, actual range = E1-C#8).[1]

Left-hand manual


List of accordionists
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Accordion, Chromatic button accordion, Bayan, Diatonic button accordion, Piano accordion, Stradella bass system, Free-bass system, Accordion reed ranks & switches

The bayan (Russian: бая́н; IPA: [bɐˈjan]) is a type of chromatic button accordion developed in Russia in the early 20th century and named after the 11th-century bard Boyan.


Chromatic button system (type B), usually called Moscow system, most Russian bayans have this system
"West European", chromatic button system (type C)

The bayan differs from western chromatic button accordions in some details of construction:

The differences in internal construction give the bayan a different tone color from Western instruments, and the bass has a much fuller sound. Because of their range and purity of tone, bayans are often the instrument of choice for accordion virtuosi who perform classical and contemporary classical music. Two Soviet composers of note who wrote compositions for bayan are Vladislav Zolotaryov and Sofia Gubaidulina. Russian Bayan virtuoso Stas Venglevski has premiered contemporary works by Yehuda Yannay, Anthony Galla-Rini and William Susman.[2] In his work Drang (1999), John Palmer has pushed the expressive possibilities of the bayan to the limits of virtuosity.

See also


  1. Ricardo Llanos and Inaki Alberdi, "Accordion for Composers" (Spanish publication: 2002), 2-5).
  2. ”Premiere performances by Stas Venglevski” Archived March 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.


External links

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