This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Barwani District.
Coordinates: 22°02′N 74°54′E / 22.03°N 74.9°E / 22.03; 74.9Coordinates: 22°02′N 74°54′E / 22.03°N 74.9°E / 22.03; 74.9
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Barwani
  Body Ramesh Patel MLA
  Total 11.12 km2 (4.29 sq mi)
Elevation 178 m (584 ft)
Population (2011)
  Total 55,504
  Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
  Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 451551
Telephone code 91-7290
Vehicle registration MP 46

Barwani is a city and a municipality in Barwani District in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. The city is situated near the left bank of the Narmada River, and is the administrative headquarters of Barwani District. It has served as the capital of the former princely state of Barwani. It can be reached by road only. Bawangaja, a Jain pilgrimage place, is 8 km from Barwani.

Origin of name

The name Badwani originated from the forests of BAD which had surrounded the city in old times. WANI is the old word for the Garden. Hence city got its name BADWANI which means Garden of Bads. Barwani is still pronounced as Badwani but it spells Barwani.


Rajghat, Barwani

Barwani is located at 22°02′N 74°54′E / 22.03°N 74.9°E / 22.03; 74.9.[1] It has an average elevation of 178 metres (583 feet). The great Narmada River flows through Barwani (5 km from city center). The maximum temperature of Barwani in April and May used to go as high as 48'C, making it one of the hottest place in Central India. However, in recent years, it has cooled a little bit.

Barwani is surrounded by the great hills of Satpura and in the raining days it becomes one of the most beautiful places in central India. The city is also called the Paris of Nimar. Nimar region is split into East Nimar and West Nimar. Nimar, in local terms, means "area beyond thetdhgn Neem Trees". Barwani lies in West Nimar. The annual rainfall of Barwani is around 15 inches, though since 2006, it has increased a lot. Barwani is famous for its Papitas and Bawangaja (a Jain holy place 8 km from Barwani).

Transportation infrastructure

Barwani has good connectivity via roads.

Barwani at night


Barwani has no direct railway connectivity. The Western Railway (Ratlam Mandal) has a reservation counter in Barwani (Ambedker Park on Rajghat Road). The nearest railway station is situated at Indore. Another nearer railway station is Khandwa on the Central Railway, which is 180 km from Barwani via State highway No 26.


Barwani is well connected to other parts of Madhya Pradesh and India with national and state highways. The city is connected to the Agra-Bombay national highway no.3 by Khandwa-Baroda interstate highway no.26 at the distance of 45 km at Julwaniya. There are bus services to and from all of the major and minor cities near Barwani, including Indore, Khandwa, Ujjain, Dewas, Dhar, Ratlam, Khargone, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, and Baroda.


Religions in Barwani
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (1.0%), Buddhists (<0.5%).

As of 2011 India census,[2] Barwani had a population of 55,504. Males with a population of 28,437 constitute 51% of the population and females with a count of 27,067, constitute 49%.

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 6961 which is 12.54% of total population of Barwani. In Barwani Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 952 against state average of 931. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Barwani is around 919 compared to Madhya Pradesh state average of 918. Literacy rate of Barwani city is 82.10% higher than state average of 69.32%. In Barwani, Male literacy is around 87.17% while female literacy rate is 76.80%.

Schedule Tribe (ST) constitutes 23.29% while Schedule Caste (SC) were 9.95% of total population in Barwani.[3]

Out of total population, 18,438 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 13,957 were males while 4,481 were females. In census survey, worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labour activity. Of total 18438 working population, 89.06% were engaged in Main Work while 10.94% of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.[4]


Economically Barwani is entirely dependent on agriculture, with several other small industries developing in the area. Following is a list of national banks operating in Barwani.



Main festivals

All major festivals Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Ganesh Utsav, Navratri, Dussehra, Deepavali, Muharram, Gudi Padwa, Bhaidooj, Eid, Christmas, Nagpanchmi are celebrated with equal enthusiasm. Barwani is famous for jhakis (झाकी) during Ganesh Utsav and Tajiye during the Muharram.



Cinema Halls

Places of interest

Health care

Barwani is prominent in Nimar and Malwa regions for its health care facilities with its district hospital and many other private hospitals.

Barwani District Hospital is one of the oldest hospitals in Madhya Pradesh.





Notable Persons


  1. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Barwani
  2. "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
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