August 28, 1951|
San Diego, California, U.S.
|Pen name||Barbara Hamilton|
|Occupation||Novelist, short story author, screenwriter|
|Genre||Science fiction, fantasy, horror, mystery, historical fiction|
Barbara Hambly (born August 28, 1951) is an American novelist and screenwriter within the genres of fantasy, science fiction, mystery, and historical fiction. She has a bestselling mystery series featuring a free man of color, a musician and physician, in New Orleans in the antebellum years. She also wrote a novel about Mary Todd Lincoln.
Early life and education
Hambly was born in San Diego, California and grew up in Montclair, California. Her parents, Edward Everett Hambly Sr. and Florence Moraski Hambly, are from a coal-mining town in eastern Pennsylvania. She has an older sister, Mary Ann Sanders, and a younger brother, Edward Everett Hambly Jr. In her early teens, after reading J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, she affixed images of dragons to her bedroom door. She became interested in costumery from an early age, and has been a long-time participant in Society for Creative Anachronism activities. In the mid-1960s, the Hambly family spent a year in Australia.
She chose work that allowed her time to write; all of her novels contain a biography paragraph with a litany of jobs: high school teacher, model, waitress, technical editor, all-night liquor store clerk, and Shotokan karate instructor. Her first published novel was Time of the Dark (1982).
Hambly served as President of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America from 1994 to 1996. Her works have been nominated for many awards in the fantasy and horror fiction categories, winning a Locus Award for Best Horror Novel Those Who Hunt the Night (1989) (released in the UK as Immortal Blood) and the Lord Ruthven Award for fiction for its sequel, Travelling With the Dead (1996).
Marriage and personal life
Hambly was married for some years to George Alec Effinger, a science fiction writer. He died in 2002. She lives in Los Angeles. Hambly speaks freely of suffering from seasonal affective disorder, which was undiagnosed for years.
Themes within fantasy
Hambly's work has several themes. She has a penchant for unusual characters within the fantasy genre, such as the menopausal witch and reluctant scholar-lord in the Winterlands trilogy, or the philologist secret service agent in the vampire novels.
Her writing is filled with rich descriptions and actors whose actions bear consequences for both their lives and relationships, suffusing her series with a sense of loss and regret. Hambly's characters suffer the pain of frustrated aspirations to a degree that is uncommon in most fantasy novels.
Though using many standard clichés and plot devices of the fantasy genre, her works explore the ethical implications of the consequences of these devices, and what their effect is for the characters, were they real people. In avoiding the "...easy consolatory self-identification of genre fantasy" (p. 449) and refusing to let her work be guided more explicitly by conventions and the desires of her audience, Hambly may have missed out on more remunerative success and acclaim.
Although magic exists in many of her settings, it is not used as an easy solution but follows rules and takes energy from the wizards. The unusual settings are generally rationalized as alternative universes.
Benjamin January mysteries
This historical mystery series begins with A Free Man of Color (1997) and features Benjamin January, a brilliant, classically educated, free colored surgeon and musician living in New Orleans during the antebellum years of the 1830s. At the time, New Orleans had a large and prosperous population of free people of color. Born a slave, as his mother was enslaved, January was freed as a young child by his mother's lover, under the plaçage system. Provided with an excellent education, he gained fluency in several classical and modern languages, and was thoroughly versed in the whole of classical Western learning and arts. He studied medicine in Paris, where he trained as a surgeon. He returned to Louisiana to escape the memory of his late wife, a woman from North Africa. As a free black in Louisiana, he cannot find work as a surgeon. He earns a modest living by his exceptional talent as a musician.
Each title is a murder mystery, with a complex plot and well-developed characters. Each explores many aspects of French Creole and overall Louisiana society. Most tend to emphasize some particular element of antebellum Louisiana life, such as Voodoo religion (Graveyard Dust), opera and music (Die Upon a Kiss), the annual epidemics of yellow fever and malaria (Fever Season), fear of miscegenation (Dead and Buried), or the harsh nature of commercial sugar production by enslaved labor (Sold Down the River).
Important themes of the series are 1) the cultural clash between the rising Protestant English-speaking Anglo-Americans, and the declining Catholic, French-speaking Creoles, 2) skin color discrimination within the society of Creoles of color, with favor given to lighter-skinned persons 3) January's bitterness at the many forms of racial injustice he observes, 4) the complex, partially race-based sexual politics of colonial French and United States society, and 5) January's comparison of what he thinks of as the open and frank African outlook of his early childhood with the more restrained and rational European worldview he acquired through education and experience. This last theme occurs most often with respect to music, spirituality, and respect for law and social custom.
- A Free Man of Color (1997)
- Fever Season (1998)
- Graveyard Dust (1999)
- Sold Down the River (2000)
- Die upon a Kiss (2001)
- Wet Grave (2002)
- Days of the Dead (2003)
- Dead Water (2004)
- Dead and Buried (2010)
- The Shirt On His Back (2011)
- Ran Away (2011)
- Good Man Friday (2013)
- Crimson Angel (2014)
- Drinking Gourd (2016)
- "Libre" (2006, short story in Ellery Queen’s Mystery Magazine, November 2006, Salute to New Orleans issue. Available on Hambly's website.)
- "There Shall Your Heart Be Also" (2007, short story in New Orleans Noir, ed. Julie Smith. Available on Hambly's website.)
- "A Time to Every Purpose Under Heaven" (2010, short story starring Rose and Dominique, and taking place while Benjamin is away (plot of The Shirt On His Back). Available on Hambly's website.)
- Search the Seven Hills [originally The Quirinal Hill Affair] (1983)
- The Emancipator's Wife (2005; finalist for the Michael Shaara Prize for Excellence in a Civil War Novel, 2006)
- Patriot Hearts (2007)
- Homeland: A Novel (2009)
Abigail Adams Mysteries (written as Barbara Hamilton)
- The Ninth Daughter (2009)
- A Marked Man (2010)
- Sup with the Devil (2011)
Sherlock Holmes short story pastiches
- "The Adventure of the Antiquarian’s Niece" (2003, Shadows Over Baker Street, ed. Michael Reaves & John Pelan)
- "The Dollmaker of Marigold Walk" (2003, My Sherlock Holmes, ed. Michael Kurlan, featuring the First Mrs. Watson)
- "The Lost Boy" (2008, Gaslight Grimoire, ed. J. R. Campbell and Charles Prepolec, featuring the First Mrs. Watson)
Anne Steelyard: The Garden of Emptiness
- An Honorary Man (2008, graphic novel)
- The Gate of Dreams and Starlight (2009, graphic novel)
- A Thousand Waters (2011, graphic novel)
The Darwath Trilogy
- The Time of the Dark (1982)
- The Walls of Air (1983)
- The Armies of Daylight (1983)
- Mother of Winter (1996; Locus award nominee 1997)
- Icefalcon's Quest (1998)
- "Pretty Polly" (2010, original short story available on Hambly's website.)
Sun Wolf and Starhawk
- The Ladies of Mandrigyn (1984; Locus award nominee, 1985)
- The Witches of Wenshar (1987; Locus award nominee, 1988)
- The Unschooled Wizard (The Ladies of Mandrigyn & The Witches of Wenshar omnibus; 1987)
- The Dark Hand of Magic (1990)
- "A Night with the Girls" (2010, an original short story available on Hambly's website.)
- "Fairest In The Land" (2011, an original short story available on Hambly's website.)
- Dragonsbane (1985; Locus Award nominee, 1986 and 1987)
- Dragonshadow (1999; Locus Award nominee, 2000)
- Knight of the Demon Queen (2000; Locus Award nominee, 2001)
- Dragonstar (2002)
- Princess (2010, novella starring John Aversin. Now available on Hambly's website.)
The Windrose Chronicles
- The Silent Tower (1986)
- The Silicon Mage (1988)
- Darkmage (1988, omnibus of The Silent Tower and The Silicon Mage)
- Dog Wizard (1993; Locus Award nominee, 1994)
- Stranger at the Wedding (also published as Sorcerer's Ward) (1994)
- "Firemaggot" (2010, an original short story available on Smashwords)
- "Corridor" (2011, an original short story available on Smashwords)
- "Plus-One" (2012, an original short story available on Smashwords)
- "Personal Paradise" (2014, an original short story available on Smashwords)
- "Zénobie" (July 2015, an original short story available on Smashwords)
- "...Pretty Maids All in a Row" (October 2015)
Star Trek Universe
- Ishmael (1985)
- Ghost-Walker (1991)
- Crossroad (1994)
James Asher, Vampire Novels
- Those Who Hunt the Night / Immortal Blood (UK title) (1988; Locus Award winner for Best Horror Novel in 1989)
- Traveling with the Dead (1995; Locus Award nominee, 1996, winner of the Lord Ruthven Award, 1996)
- Blood Maidens (2010)
- Magistrates of Hell (2012)
- The Kindred of Darkness (2014)
- Darkness on his Bones (2015)
Beauty and the Beast
- Beauty and the Beast novelization (1989)
- Song of Orpheus (1990)
- The Rainbow Abyss (1991; Locus Award nominee, 1992)
- The Magicians of Night (1992; Locus Award nominee, 1993)
Star Wars Universe
- Children of the Jedi (1995)
- "Nightlily: The Lovers' Tale" (1995, short story in the anthology Tales from the Mos Eisley Cantina)
- "Taster's Choice: The Tale of Jabba's Chef" (1996, short story from the anthology Tales from Jabba's Palace)
- "Murder in Slushtime" (1997, short story published in Star Wars Adventure Journal 14)
- Planet of Twilight (1997)
- Sisters of the Raven (2002)
- Circle of the Moon (2005)
- Bride of the Rat God (1994; Locus Award nominee, 1995)and (sequel) Castle of Horror (April 2016, Amazon/Kindle)
- Magic Time (2002) (with Marc Zicree. The first of a trilogy. The other two volumes are by other authors: Angelfire by Marc Scott Zicree and Maya Kaathryn Bohnhoff, and Ghostlands by Marc Scott Zicree and Robert Charles Wilson.)
- Renfield: Slave of Dracula (2006)
- "Someone Else's Shadow" (short story in the Night's Edge anthology)
- "Biography of Barbara Hambly". Barbarahambly.com. 1999-09-17. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- "Books and awards". Barbarahambly.com. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- yGen User (2005-12-25). "Interview with Andromeda Spaceways". Andromedaspaceways.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- "Review of female characters in Barbara Hambly novels", Strange Horizons
- Clute, J. & Grant, J. (1999). The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. Orbit: London (UK)
- Review of Barbara Hambly as an author, Future Fiction website
- "Smashwords – About Barbara Hambly". Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Official website
- Bibliography at SciFan
- Barbara Hambly at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Barbara Hambly at the Internet Movie Database
- Podcast interview
- Barbara Hambly at Library of Congress Authorities, with 46 catalog records
- Barbara Hamilton (pseudonym) at LC Authorities, with 3 records