"Nunu" redirects here. For the psychotropic snuff used by Matsés people, see Nu-nu.

meat baozi for sale on a market
Alternative names Bao, humbow, nunu, pau
Type Filled steamed bread
Place of origin China
Creator [[]]
Variations Dabao, xiaobao
Cookbook: Baozi  Media: Baozi
Chinese 包子

A baozi (Chinese:  包子) or simply known as bao, bau, humbow, nunu, bakpao (Hokkien), bausak, pow, pau or pao (Hakka) is a type of steamed, filled, bun[1] or bread-like (i.e. made with yeast) item in various Chinese cuisines, as there is much variation as to the fillings and the preparations. In its bun-like aspect it is very similar to the traditional Chinese mantou. It can be filled with meat and/or vegetarian fillings.

Two types are found in most parts of China and Indonesia: Dàbāo (大包, "big bun"), measuring about 10 cm across, served individually, and usually purchased for take-away. The other type, Xiǎobāo (小包, "small bun"), measure approximately 5 cm wide, and are most commonly eaten in restaurants, but may also be purchased for take-away. Each order consists of a steamer containing between three and ten pieces. A small ceramic dish is provided for vinegar or soy sauce, both of which are available in bottles at the table, along with various types of chili and garlic pastes, oils or infusions, fresh coriander and leeks, sesame oil, MSG, and other flavorings.


According to legend, they were invented by the Chinese scholar and military strategist Zhuge Liang during the Three Kingdoms period (3rd century AD).[2] An alternate theory is that Mongols brought the form to China in the Yuan Dynasty from the Turkic court.


Japanese variations
Making of baozi
English name Chinese name
Simplified / Traditional
Other names Description
Cha siu bao, Charsiu bau 叉烧包 / 叉燒包
manapua filled with barbecue-flavoured char siu pork; typical of Cantonese cuisine (Guangdong province and Hong Kong)
Goubuli baozi 狗不理包子
gǒubùlǐ bāozi
a well known brand of meat-filled baozi considered characteristic of Tianjin, Northern China; its name literally means, "Baozi ignored by dogs"
Xiaolongbao 小笼包 / 小籠包
a small, meat-filled baozi from Shanghai containing a juicy broth. Because it is succulent and prepared only with thin, partially leavened dough, it is sometimes considered different from other bao types, and more closely resembles a jiaozi (dumpling)
Shengjian mantou 生煎馒头 / 生煎饅頭
shēngjiān mántou
a small, meat-filled, fried baozi from Shanghai
Tangbaozi 汤包 / 湯包
a large soup-filled baozi from Yangzhou drunk through a straw;
in other areas of China, it is small in size with rich soup
Doushabao 豆沙包
Hokkien: tāu-se-pau filled with sweet bean paste
Lotus seed bun 莲蓉包
filled with sweetened lotus seed paste
Kaya-baozi filled with Kaya, a popular jam made from coconut, eggs, and sometimes pandan in Malaysia and Singapore
Naihuangbao 奶黄包 / 奶黃包
filled with sweet yellow custard filling
Shāobāo 烧包 / 燒包
Spanish: siópao; Philippine: siyopaw steamed, filled with either chicken, pork, shrimp or salted egg
Zhimabao 芝麻包
steamed, filled with a black sesame paste
Yacaibao (Beansprout-bao) 芽菜包
steamed, filled with a type of pickle, spices and possibly other vegetables or meat, common in Sichuan, China
Bah-pau 肉包
Hokkien: Bah-pau filled with pork
Big Pau 大包
large buns filled with pork, eggs and other ingredients
Baozza 包萨


well-known brand based in China famous for their fusion baozi, which are steamed and filled with a variety of pizza toppings


In many Chinese cultures, these buns are a popular food, and widely available.[1] While they can be eaten at any meal, baozi are often eaten for breakfast. They are also popular as a portable snack or meal.

The dish has also become common place throughout various regions of South East Asia due to longstanding Chinese immigration.

See also


  1. 1 2 Phillips, C. (2016). All Under Heaven: Recipes from the 35 Cuisines of China. Ten Speed Press. p. 405. ISBN 978-1-60774-982-0. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  2. See Etymology of "mantou"
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/2/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.