भों देय् (नेपाल भाषा)
Banepa including Araniko Highway
Location in Nepal
|Coordinates: 27°38′N 85°31′E / 27.633°N 85.517°ECoordinates: 27°38′N 85°31′E / 27.633°N 85.517°E|
|• Total||5.56 km2 (2.15 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NST (UTC+5:45)|
Banepa (Nepal Bhasa: भोंत) is a valley situated at about 4800 ft above sea level in central Nepal which is said to be the smallest municipality of the country. Banepa, the historical town, is about 25 km east from Kathmandu. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it has a population of 24,764. The main attraction of Banepa is the temple of Chandeshwori, located approximately 1 km northeast of the town along the Rudramati River. The Dhaneshwor Temple is 1 km south of the town. Banepa is also well known for its eight different temples of Lord Ganesh, Narayanthan, the temple of Lord Narayan, Bhimshenthan, the temple of Lord Bhimshen and eight different ponds.
- Banepa near Chandeshwori Pitha
- Panauti near Prayaga Tirtha of Nepal
- Nala near Nala Bhagawati
- Dhulikhel near Narayana
- Khadpu near Dhaneshwor
- Chaukot near the resident of Chaukora Rishi
- Sanga, near Nasika Pitha.
King Anandedeva Malla united the scattered villages and made modern Banepa surrounded by eight gates with a Ganesh (the elephant - headed god of good omen) at each of the gates in eight different directions in Kaligat Year 4197 (around 1153 B.S.). He also built a temple of Chandeshwori and arranged a trust fund for the goddess. It is also believe that when entire Kathmandu Valley was covered with lake, there was a small kindgdom in Banepa.
Some of the ancient names of Banepa were Banepur, Baniyapur, Banipur . As it had trade relationship with Tibet from ancient period, Banepa is also known as "Bhont", "Bhonta", "Bhon dey(भों देय्)". Banepa is the combination of two words i.e. "Bane" means 'Business' and "Pa" means 'Place'. Therefore, "Banepa" means 'Place of Business'.
The old Newari town is located at the central part of the City. It is surrounded by 8 ganesh temples with 8 adjacent ponds and Phalchaa(फल्चा). The name of the Ganesh are:
- Tukampwo (तुकम्प्वो) Ganeshat South
Temple of Tukampwo Ganesh was established first of all other Ganesh Temple by King Anandadeva Malla after forming new Kingdom of Banepa. It is also the major temple of Banepa.
- Kobha (कोभः) Ganesh at Southeast
- Waku (वकु) Ganesh at East
- Thachhu (थाछु) Ganesh at North
- Kanthu (कांथु) Ganesh at Northeast
- Kwonla (क्वोंला) Ganesh at Southwest
- Talapukhu (तलाःपुखु) Ganesh at West
- Jyasanani (ज्यासःननी) Ganesh at Northwest
These Ganesh temples are said to be the boundaries of old Banepa. Many Temple is Ganesh Temple but main temple of Banepa city is Chandeswori. Dhaneshwor temple is famous for the followers of Lord Shiva (Mahadev). Along with this, King Ananda Dev Malla also built wells and taps for providing the Banepalis with the good source of water.
Punyamata River, which was the major source of drinking water, irrigation and many other activities, is being polluted day by day. The bank of Punyamata River has been a place for throwing solid wastages.The sewage which has been connected directly to the river without any treatment and in unmanaged way has adversely affected the river water. Waste materials produced from Bagmati Trekking Pvt. Ltd. have made the river water turned into black as well as the surrounding is also being polluted.
Although Banepa is a small place of an area of 5.56 sq. km., it has got the population density of 4454 per sq. km. Due to the connection of Banepa with other places through roadways, about 300 buses, minibuses, cars, trucks, motorcycles altogether are helping in the transportation in a day. Along with this, the gases emitted from those vehicles have polluted the environment of Banepa.
In the boundary of three municipalities of Kavrepalanchowk District, namely; Banepa, Dhulikhel and Panauti, the country's only IT Park is being contructed. All the three cities have been declared as the 'Cyber City'.
A lot of festivals are celebrated in Banepa as follows:
- Chandeshwori Jatra during Baisakh Purnima
- Kanya-puja (worshipping of the young girls) during Gunla
- Nawadurga Jatra (mainly known as Fish-catching festival)
- Ganesh Jatra during Vijaya Dashami
- Bhimsen Jatra
- Jaludya Jatra (जलुद्य जात्रा) on the day of Ashwin Krishna Pratipada, the next day of Indra Jatra.
Banepa has a Seventh-day Adventist hospital called Scheer Memorial Hospital, which was established in 1957. This hospital has been expanded as a medical college associated with Vanderbilt University in the USA and Kathmandu University. Many students enroll in the MBBS and B.Sc. Nursing programs at this hospital. Banepa is also the location of the Hospital and Rehabilitation Centre for Disabled Children and Reiyukai Eiko Masunaga Eye Hospital.
Banepa is also a major trade route to Tibet, with the Arniko Rajmarg, the only highway that connects Nepal and China (Tibet), running through this town. Furthermore, another newly constructed highway, the B.P. Koirala Highway (named after great leader of Nepal Bishweswor Prasad Koirala), also passes through this town. Though it is a small town, Banepa is the major economic center east of Kathmandu.
Banepa is also the best place for education in Kabhre district of Nepal. There are a number of high schools and colleges.
- Azad Secondary School
- Chaitanya Secondary School
- Siksha Sadan Secondary School
- Himalaya Secondary School
- Banepa Nist Higher Secondary School (http://www.nist.edu.np)
Some of the well-known private boarding schools are:
- Gyan Sarovar English Boarding Secondary School (estd. in 1988)
- Banepa Valley School (currently known as Baylor International Academy)
- Siddhartha English Higher Secondary School
- Bal Niketan English Boarding School
- Vidhya Sagar Secondary School (http://www.vidhyasagar.edu.np)
- Bal Batika Vidhya Mandir High School
- Kabhre Higher Secondary School
- Bagmati English Boarding School
- Pragati Pravat Higher Secondary School
- Rambhakta Memorial School
- Lin International Boarding School, Banepa-6, Punyamati Marga, +97711663778
- Everest Academy
- Kshitij English Boarding School
Among them the oldest private school is Pragati Prabhat School and the newest one is Kshitij English Boarding School which was established in 2006 A.D.
Pond of Talapukhu Ganesh Temple
Pond of Kobha Ganesh Temple
Bhairab painting of Chandeswori temple, one of the major attraction of Banepa
Narayanthan of Banepa, believed to be established during the reign of King Ranajit Malla
Entrance Gate of Chandeshwori Temple
Wood carved roof decoration on the Chandeshwari Temple.
Malla king and queen doing Namaste (the ritual greeting) in front of the Chandeshwari Temple.