Balearic dialect

Balearic (Catalan: balear, IPA: [bəɫəˈa]) is the collective name for the dialects of Catalan spoken in the Balearic Islands: mallorquí in Majorca, eivissenc in Ibiza, and menorquí in Minorca.

At the last census, 746,792 people in the Balearic Islands claimed to be able to speak Catalan, though some of these people may be speakers of mainland variants.[1]


Distinctive features of Catalan in the Balearic Islands differ according to the specific variant being spoken (Majorcan, Minorcan, or Ibizan).

Phonetic features

Consonants of Balearic Catalan[2]
Bilabial Labio-
Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t c ~ k
voiced b d ɟ ~ ɡ
Affricate voiceless ts
voiced dz
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ
voiced v z ʒ
Trill ɲ
Tap ɾ
Approximant j w
Lateral l ʎ



Morphosyntactic features

Lexical features

Political questions

Some in the Balearic Islands, such as the Partido Popular and a former regional president, José Ramón Bauzà, argue that the dialects of Baleric Islands are actually separate languages and not dialects of Catalan. Bauzà has even campaigned against having centralized or standardized standards of Catalan in public education.[3]

See also


  1. "2001 census, from Institut Balear d'Estadística, Govern de les Illes Balears". Retrieved 2010-09-07.
  2. Carbonell & Llisterri (1999:62)
  3. Mallorcai, menorcai, ibizai és formenterai nyelv (


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