|Bacillus subtilis, Gram stained|
Garrity et al. 2001
The Bacillaceae are a family of Gram-positive, heterotrophic, rod-shaped bacteria that may produce endospores. Motile members of this family are characterized by peritrichous flagella. Some Bacillaceae are aerobic, while others are facultative or strict anaerobes. Most are not pathogenic, but Bacillus species are known to cause disease in humans.
Gram-variable cell wall
Genera within this family are sometimes colloquially identified as bacilli. However, this term is a misnomer because it does not distinguish between class Bacilli, order Bacillales, family Bacillaceae, and genus Bacillus.
- Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (2 ed.), Volume 3. 2008. The low G + C Gram-positive Bacteria. Editors: De Vos, P., Garrity, G., Jones, D., Krieg, N.R., Ludwig, W., Rainey, F.A., Schleifer, K.-H. and W.B. Whitman. ISBN 0-387-95041-9
- Lim, J.M., Jeon, C.O., Song, S.M., and C.J. Kim. 2005. Pontibacillus chungwhensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a moderately halophilic Gram-positive bacterium from a solar saltern in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55:165-170.