Babyflot is the informal name given to any airline in the former Soviet Union created from the dissolution of the Soviet airline monopoly Aeroflot in the early 1990s, at the time of the breakup of the Soviet Union. The word is a portmanteau of "baby" and "Aeroflot", compare Baby Bells.

In 1992 Aeroflot was divided into more than 300 regional and other smaller airlines, with many having just one-plane operations. International routes were operated separately as Aeroflot—Russian International Airlines (ARIA).[1] Some airline companies created from the old Aeroflot are now flag carriers of independent post-Soviet countries for example, Uzbekistan Airlines, and Lithuanian Airlines.

Fall of the Babyflots

There were over 800 such airlines at one time with many of them subsequently closing down due to abysmal safety records in 1994. 118 carriers went out of business because fewer passengers could afford to fly than in 1995.[2]

By 2000, Russia had only about eight federal air carriers and 40 to 45 regional airlines - down sharply from the current 315 carriers, said Ivan Valov, first deputy chief of the Russian Federal Aviation Service. The government began to restrict licensing and certification and bring air-safety standards into compliance with international standards. The "Babyflot" airlines have been blamed for a sharp decline in Russia's air safety. Many of the crashes that occurred been blamed on poor maintenance and lax controls at many small carriers, which have neglected flight safety in their run for profit.[3]

The eight hundred-odd "Babyflot" airlines had such poor safety records that in 1994 the International Air Transport Association took the unusual step of recommending train travel as the least life-threatening form of conveyance in the former Soviet Union.[4]

List of babyflots

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.


  1. "Directory: World Airlines", Flight International (2007-04-03), p. 47. Retrieved on 2007-05-27.
  2. Ivan Valov, first deputy chief of the Russian Federal Aviation Service.1/15/1998
  3. Casino Moscow: A Tale of Greed and Adventure on Capitalism's Wildest Frontier by Matthew Brzezinski, Ch 1

Further reading

External links

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