B minor

B minor
Relative key D major
Parallel key B major
Dominant key F minor
Subdominant E minor
Component pitches
B, C, D, E, F, G, A, B
See also: B major and B-flat minor
B natural minor scale ascending and descending.  Play 
B harmonic minor scale ascending and descending.  Play 
B melodic minor scale ascending and descending.  Play 

B minor is a minor scale consisting of the pitches B, C, D, E, F, G, and A. Its key signature consists of two sharps. The harmonic minor raises the note A to A. Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written with accidentals as necessary.

Its relative major is D major, and its parallel major is B major.

Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart (1739–1791) regarded B minor as a key expressing a quiet acceptance of fate and very gentle complaint, something commentators find to be in line with Bach's use of the key in his St John Passion.[1] By the end of the Baroque era, however, conventional academic views of B minor had shifted: Composer-theorist Francesco Galeazzi (1758–1819)[2] opined that B minor was not suitable for music in good taste. Beethoven labelled a B minor melodic idea in one of his sketchbooks as a "black key".[3] Brahms, Dvořák, Schubert, Liszt, Chopin, Borodin, and Tchaikovsky all wrote significant works in B minor.

Notable compositions in B minor



  1. Tusa, pp. 2–3, n. 5
  2. Galeazzi, Elementi di Musica
  3. Tusa, p. 2, n. 3


See also

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/29/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.