BioMed Central

Not to be confused with PubMed Central.
BioMed Central
Parent company Springer Nature
Status Active
Founded 2000 (2000)
Founder Current Science Group
Headquarters location United Kingdom
Distribution Open access
Publication types Scientific journals
Nonfiction topics Science
Official website

BioMed Central (BMC) is a United Kingdom-based, for-profit scientific publisher specialising in open access journal publication. BioMed Central and its sister companies Chemistry Central and PhysMath Central publish over 200 scientific journals. Most BioMed Central journals are now published only online. BioMed Central describes itself as the first and largest open access science publisher. It is owned by Springer Nature.


BioMed Central was founded in 2000 as part of the Current Science Group (now Science Navigation Group, SNG), a nursery of scientific publishing companies. SNG chairman Vitek Tracz developed the concept for the company after NIH director Harold Varmus's PubMed Central concept for open-access publishing was scaled back.[1] The first director of the company was Jan Velterop. In 2002, the company's business model evolved to include article processing charges, and these have since been the primary source of revenue.

In October 2008, it was announced that BioMed Central (along with Chemistry Central and PhysMath Central) had been acquired by Springer Science+Business Media, the second largest STM publisher.[2]

In 2007 Yale University Libraries stopped subsidizing page charges for affiliates of Yale who are using BioMed Central as the publisher of their works.[3]

In November 2008, BioMed Central became an official supporting organisation of Healthcare Information For All.[4]


The flagship journals produced by BioMed Central include Genome Biology, BMC Medicine, and BMC Biology. It also produces the BMC journal series of 65 journals covering the fields of biology and medicine. Chemistry Central and the PhysMath Central series of journals are also produced by the company. Most of the other journals published by BioMed Central are owned and produced independently by societies and academic editorial boards, with BioMed Central providing the hosting, publishing platform and marketing.

All journals are published online; some of the flagship journals have in the past also been available as print subscriptions, but currently Arthritis Research & Therapy is the only journal to offer this. Publications in BioMed Central journals are, immediately upon publication, released under the Creative Commons "Attribution" license which grants permission to reuse publications and produce derivative work. The only exceptions to this (as of 2010) were the flagship journals, which reserved rights on review and commentary content; those articles were available to purchase on a subscription or on a pay-per-view basis, becoming freely available (but not fully open access) to all after six months; however, as of January 2015, "no subscription fees apply to these journals or to any articles published in them."[5]

BMC journal series

The BMC-series of journals is a collection of 65 online research journals published by BioMed Central.[6] Like all other BioMed Central journals, they have a policy of open access to the research articles they publish. Between them, they cover all major subject areas within biology and medicine. Two of the journals, BMC Biology and BMC Medicine, have a broad scope, and aim to publish particularly significant research. A third journal, BMC Research Notes, publishes research from all areas of biology and medicine without making impact or interest criteria for publication, while BMC Proceedings publishes conference proceedings. The other 61 journals specialise on a particular subject area. Due to their free licensing, images from BMC journals can be reused in other places.

  • BMC Anesthesiology
  • BMC Cancer
  • BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
  • BMC Clinical Pathology
  • BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • BMC Dermatology
  • BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders
  • BMC Emergency Medicine
  • BMC Endocrine Disorders
  • BMC Family Practice
  • BMC Gastroenterology
  • BMC Geriatrics
  • BMC Health Services Research
  • BMC Hematology
  • BMC Infectious Diseases
  • BMC International Health and Human Rights
  • BMC Medical Education
  • BMC Medical Ethics
  • BMC Medical Genetics
  • BMC Medical Genomics
  • BMC Medical Imaging
  • BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
  • BMC Medical Physics
  • BMC Medical Research Methodology
  • BMC Medicine
  • BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • BMC Nephrology
  • BMC Neurology
  • BMC Nursing
  • BMC Nutrition
  • BMC Obesity
  • BMC Ophthalmology
  • BMC Oral Health
  • BMC Palliative Care
  • BMC Pediatrics
  • BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
  • BMC Psychiatry
  • BMC Psychology
  • BMC Public Health
  • BMC Pulmonary Medicine
  • BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • BMC Surgery
  • BMC Urology
  • BMC Women's Health

Most BMC series journals have an impact factor. For the 49 journals with impact factors, it ranged from 1 (BMC International Health and Human Rights) to 6.68 (BMC Medicine).[7]


The company also has hosted biomedical databases, including Current Controlled Trials, a database of clinical trials.[8] The Biology Image Library and the Cases Database, a database of medical case reports,[9] were closed in 2014.[10] The company also provided hosting for institutional repositories of publications based on the DSpace platform under the brand Open Repository.[11] The Open Repository activity was sold to Atmire in 2016.[12]

See also


  1. "Interview with Vitek Tracz: Essential for Science". Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  2. Suber, Peter (2008-10-07). "Peter Suber, Open Access News". Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  3. Connor, Elizabeth (2008). "Interview with Harold E. Varmus of PLoS". Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries. 5 (2): 149–159. doi:10.1080/15424060802064352.
  4. "HIFA Supporting Organisations". HIFA2015.
  5. "Access to articles". BioMed Central. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
  6. "The BMC-series journals". BioMed Central. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  7. "Impact Factor success for BioMed Central journals". Retrieved 2016-10-26.
  8. "Current Controlled Trials - Clinical Trial Search. ISRCTN numbering scheme. Database of Clinical Trials". Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  9. "Home Page". Cases Database. Retrieved 2014-02-15.
  10., Notice of Closure, July, 2014, accessed 2015-04-06
  11. "Home". Open Repository. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  12. "Atmire acquires Open Repository". Library Technology Guides. 2016-08-01.

Further reading

External links

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