BBL Pipeline

Balgzand Bacton Line

Location of Balgzand Bacton Line
Country Netherlands, United Kingdom
Coordinates 52°53′20″N 3°05′43″E / 52.8890°N 3.0954°E / 52.8890; 3.0954
General direction east–west
From Anna Paulowna, Netherlands
Passes through North Sea
To Bacton Gas Terminal, United Kingdom
General information
Type natural gas
Partners Gasunie, Uniper, Fluxys
Operator BBL Company
Commissioned 2006
Technical information
Length 235 km (146 mi)
Maximum discharge 16 billion cubic meters
Diameter 36 in (914 mm)
Number of compressor stations 1
Compressor stations Anna Paulowna

The BBL Pipeline (Balgzand Bacton Line, BBL) is a natural gas interconnector between the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.


Laying the pipeline between the compressor station at the Grasweg in Anna Paulowna (province of North Holland) and Bacton Gas Terminal started on 14 July 2006. The pipeline became operational on 1 December 2006.

Technical description

The overall length of pipeline is 235 kilometres (146 mi) of which around 230 kilometres (140 mi) is offshore. The pipeline's diameter is 36 inches (910 mm) and working pressure is 135 standard atmospheres (13,700 kPa). The initial capacity is 16 billion cubic meters (bcm) per year, which will be increased to 19.2 bcm by the end of 2010 by installing a fourth compressor at the compressor station at Anna Paulowna.[1] The pipeline has a regulatory exemption from the two-ways gas flow until October 2018. Until this, the direction of gas flow is from the Netherlands to the UK.[2] The overall cost of the project was around 500 million.

Operating company

The BBL was developed and operated by the BBL Company. The main shareholder of the company is Gasunie with 60% of the shares, and gas companies Uniper and Fluxys both own 20%. Russian Gazprom had an option for 9%, in exchange for a 9% share of Nord Stream AG.[3] The BBL Pipeline would allow Gazprom to supply additional gas to the British market through the Nord Stream pipeline.

See also


  1. "BBL pumps up the volume". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2008-08-19. Retrieved 2008-08-19. (subscription required (help)).
  2. Adomaitis, Nerijus (2016-10-06). "UK extends BBL pipeline's exemption from two way gas flows". Reuters. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
  3. "Gazprom and Gasunie sign agreement on cooperation within Nord Stream and BBL projects" (Press release). Gazprom. 2007-11-06. Archived from the original on 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2007-11-06.

External links

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