|Coordinates: 52°15′39″N 09°02′57″E / 52.26083°N 9.04917°ECoordinates: 52°15′39″N 09°02′57″E / 52.26083°N 9.04917°E|
|• Mayor||Reiner Brombach (SPD)|
|• Total||68.84 km2 (26.58 sq mi)|
|• Density||280/km2 (720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Bückeburg is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, on the border with North Rhine Westphalia. It is located in the district of Schaumburg close to the northern slopes of the Weserbergland ridge. Population: 21,030.
Bückeburg was once the capital of the tiny principality of Schaumburg-Lippe. Houses began to gather around the castle c. 1365 and were protected by a city wall in the 17th century. In the 19th century, it was connected to the Minden and Hanover Railway and housed a synagogue. The poet J. G. von Herder was court preacher here from 1771 to 1776.
Bückeburg is a former British garrison town and had a number of British residents until recently. Most of the British residents worked at the British Military Hospital (BMH) in Rinteln, or in the local English Prince Rupert School, also in Rinteln. The number of British military residents in Bückeburg decreased significantly in the late 1990s, when BMH Rinteln closed down, however the staff of Prince Rupert School are still based in Bückeburg until the closure of the school in July 2014.
Bückeburg Palace (Schloss Bückeburg) was the residence of the Princes of Schaumburg-Lippe. Although the Princely family surrendered political power in 1918, they still live there today. The palace, part of which is open to the public, is an important major tourist sight and houses important works of art and an important library. The history of the building spans 700 years, with the most important contributions stemming from the 16th, 17th, and 19th centuries.
The Princely Mausoleum in the palace grounds is open to the public as well. Built in 1915 in Neo-Romanic style and resembling the Roman Pantheon, it is the world's largest private sepulchre still in use. The cupola is adorned by an impressive gold mosaic, the second largest of its kind after the one in the Hagia Sophia.
Bückeburg is also home to a helicopter museum, which features the early drawings of flying objects by Leonardo da Vinci as well as 40 actual helicopters. The German Army's Army Aviators School using Bückeburg Air Base is located here.
The Town Church of Bückeburg (Bückeburger Stadtkirche) was one of the first Lutheran churches built after the Reformation. It is known for its pulpit and especially for the ornately decorated bronze-cast font, made by the Dutch artist Adriaen de Vries. Composer Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach (1732–1795), a son of J.S. Bach, worked at the Bückeburg court from before 1751 until his death, first as a harpsichordist, then, from 1759, as Konzertmeister (director) of the Hofkapelle (court orchestra) there. Bach is buried in the churchyard of the Stadtkirchengemeinde-Bückeburg. Bach set several texts by Johann Gottfried Herder, who was at the Bückeburg court as its superintendent and chief preacher from 1771–1776.
- Thomas Abbt (1738-1766), writer and philosopher, Government and consistorial council as well as Patronus scholarum.
- Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803), poet, theologian and philosopher, worked from 1771 to 1775 as the main preacher, superintendent and consistorial councilor in Bückeburg.
- Baroness Louise Lehzen (1884-1870), from 1814 to 1842 Gouvernante Queen Victoria lived from 1842 until her death in 1870 in Bückeburg.
- Iwan Müller (1786-1854), composer and instrument maker.
- Karl von Plettenberg (1852-1938), general of the infantry, lived in Bückeburg.
- Hermann Löns (1866-1914), journalist and writer, was from 1907 to 1909 editor of the Schaumburg-Lippische Landes-Zeitung (=newspaper)
- Wilhelm Külz (1875-1948), politician, was mayor from 1904 to 1912, from 1909 lord mayor in Bückeburg and 1926 Reichsinnenminister in the Kabinetten of the chancellors Hans Luther and Wilhelm Marx.
- Ernst Torgler (1893-1963), politician, from 1929 to 1933 KPD faction chairman in Reichstag and one of the defendants in the Reichstagsbrand process, worked from 1945 until 1948 in the Bückeburg city administration.
- Karl Lieffen (1926-1999), actor, was trained at the Army Music School.
- Hans Blum (born 1928), pianist, bassist, composer, was trained at the Army Music School.
- James Last (1929-2015), bassist, composer and bandleader, was trained at the Army Music School.
- Horst Fischer (1930-1986), trumpeter, was trained at the Army Music School.
- Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2015 (Tabelle K1020014)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
- EB (1878).
- EB (1911).
- "Bückeburg", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IV, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, p. 415.
- "Bückeburg", Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. IV, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1911, p. 720.