Awadhi language

Native to India, Nepal, Fiji (as Fijian Hindustani)
Region India: Awadh and Lower Doab regions of Uttar Pradesh and adjacent areas of neighboring states
Native speakers
2.5 million in India (2001)[1]
501,752 in Nepal (2011)[2]
Devanagari, Kaithi, Perso-Arabic
Official status
Official language in
No official status
Language codes
ISO 639-2 awa
ISO 639-3 awa
Glottolog awad1243[3]

Awadhi (Devanagari: अवधी) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal.


Awadhi was classified as an Eastern Hindi by George Abraham Grierson, who commissioned the Linguistic Survey of India.[4]


Important works in Awadhi are the Candayan of Maulana Da’ud, the Padmavat of Malik Mohammad Jaisi (1540 A.D.), the Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas (1575 A.D.), and Indravati by Nur Muhammad (1757 A.D.).[5]

Popular culture

Bollywood star Amitabh Bachhan has a noted propensity for switching to Awadhi in his many movies and songs like "Hori Khele Raghuvira Awadh Ma" from Baghban and "Ek Rahe Eer Ek Rahe Beer" from Bhootnath. Recently in the serial Yudh which aired on Sony Entertainment Television (India), Bachchan spoke parts of his dialogue in Awadhi which were received with critical acclaim. According to the Hindustan Times: "We simply loved Amitabh Bachchan speaking Awadhi on TV! Only an actor of his calibre could transform himself from a high-class English speaking businessman to rattle off the dialogues in Awadhi, his father tongue. He has done it in the past for a few Bollywood and regional films, but not as regularly as one would have liked him, to show off grasp over the language. It was great to see him speak in fluent Awadhi in Wednesday's episode."[6]

See also


External links

Awadhi language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator
For a list of words relating to Awadhi, see the Awadhi language category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/28/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.