Australian Navy Cadets

Australian Navy Cadets

Australian Navy Cadet Crest
Active 1907 – present
Country Australia Australia
Allegiance HM Queen Elizabeth II
Branch Navy
Type Volunteer Youth Organisation
Size 92 Units, 2,200 Cadets
Part of Australian Defence Force Cadets
Headquarters Directorate ANC, Russell Offices, Canberra
Nickname(s) ANC
Motto(s) Integrity and Endeavour
March Royal Australian Navy
Anniversaries 1 July
Vessels Operated Corsair, Envy, Various Powerboats, RHIB, Scruffy, Bosun's mate, Hobi Catamaran
Director General ANC Commodore Bruce Kafer, AM, CSC, RAN
National Commander ANC Captain Eliot Fisher, ESM, OAM, ANC
Director of Flotilla's Commander Kerry Rayner, OAM, ANC
Chief of Staff Commander Richard Trigg, ANC
RADM Sir David Martin, KCMG, AO
CAPT Gavin Reeves
CAPT John Gill
Australian Navy Cadets Ensign (2001–present)
Naval Reserve Cadets Ensign (1972–2001)
Australian Sea Cadet Corps Ensign (1956–1972)
Naval Ensign (1907–1956)

The Australian Navy Cadets (ANC) is a voluntary youth organisation owned and sponsored by the Royal Australian Navy. Together with the Australian Air Force Cadets and Australian Army Cadets, it forms the Australian Defence Force Cadets. It hosts over 91 units.


The organisation was founded in the early 1900s and officially recognised under the Naval Defence Act in 1910. Prior to 1973, the organisation was known as the Australian Sea Cadet Corps, and was jointly administered by the Royal Australian Navy and the Navy League of Australia. After 1973, the Navy assumed full responsibility for the Corps, which was renamed the Naval Reserve Cadets. The Australian Government review, 'Cadets The Future' recommended a final name change to Australian Navy Cadets in 2000.[1]

From 1942 until his death in 1952 HM King George VI was the Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps.

The Following is a list of names held by both the Naval League and Defence run/sponsored programs including the original 'Church of England – Boys Naval Brigade' from 1901 to 1911:[2]


ANC training is nautical in nature and includes waterborne activities. Activities can include, but are not limited to, navigation, communications, first aid, drill, maritime history, firearms proficiency and adventurous training.[3] The ANC also aims to achieve the following with its training program:


There are 91 Training Ships (units) across Australia, with a total membership of over 400 staff and 2,200 cadets,[4] including several that have been formed in High Schools. However, 2012 reporting suggested membership has fallen drastically to about 1,600. The ANC adheres to a rank structure similar to the Royal Australian Navy, with cadets having the opportunity to progress from the rank of Cadet Recruit to Cadet Midshipman. Each unit has a complement which lays out how many cadets the unit is allowed to carry and how many are allowed at each rank. Training camps and examinations are held for promotion in rank. The structure and organisation of the Australian Navy Cadets is based on that of the Royal Australian Navy however additionally features a large community involvement component.

ANC Units and Flotillas

Units in the ANC that are fully recognised Training Ships (TS) are sometimes named after ships of the Royal Australian Navy or the location the unit is based. Units that are not fully recognised training ships are known as New Training Ships (NTS). There are also cadet places in school called Cadets In High School (CIHS) and are usually named after their suburb or school.

Name of unit Location of unit Unit named after Navy League of Australia,
Annual Cadet Efficiency Award Winners
TS Albatross Wollongong, NSW HMAS Albatross 2006, 2008
TS Armidale Armidale, NSW HMAS Armidale
TS Canberra HMAS Harman, ACT HMAS Canberra
TS Orion Jindabyne, NSW HMAS Orion
TS Condamine Mosman, NSW HMAS Condamine 1982
TS Culgoa South West Rocks, NSW HMAS Culgoa
TS Hawkesbury Pt Clare (Gosford), NSW HMAS Hawkesbury 1979, 1999
TS Jervis Bay HMAS Creswell, NSW HMAS Jervis Bay
TS Kanimbla Holsworthy Barracks, NSW HMAS Kanimbla
TS Lismore Ballina, NSW HMAS Lismore
TS Manoora Taree, NSW HMAS Manoora
TS Nepean Penrith, NSW HMAS Nepean
TS Rushcutter Port Macquarie, NSW HMAS Rushcutter
TS Shoalhaven HMAS Albatross, NSW HMAS Shoalhaven
TS Shropshire Grafton, NSW HMAS Shropshire
TS Sirius Rockdale, NSW HMS Sirius
TS Sydney Spectacle Island, NSW HMAS Sydney 2013
TS Tobruk Newcastle, NSW HMAS Tobruk 1967
TS Vampire Tweed Heads, NSW HMAS Vampire
TS Vendetta Coffs Harbour, NSW HMAS Vendetta 1993
TS Carpentaria Thursday Island (Joint Defence Facility), QLD HMAS Carpentaria
TS Coral Sea Townsville, QLD Coral Sea 1989
NTS Magnetic Island[5] Magnetic Island, QLD Magnetic Island, QLD
TS Endeavour Cairns, QLD HMS Endeavour
NTS Cooktown Cooktown, QLD Cooktown, QLD
TS Pioneer Mackay, QLD HMAS Pioneer 2001
NTS Whitsunday Airlie Beach, QLD Whitsunday Islands, QLD
TS Bundaberg Port Bundaberg, QLD HMAS Bundaberg 1985, 1990, 2010
TS Centaur Maleny, QLD AHS Centaur
NTS Sheean Tewantin, QLD Edward Sheean
TS Gayundah Brisbane, QLD HMQS Gayundah 1961, 2014
TS Ipswich Ipswich, QLD HMAS Ipswich
TS Koopa Sandstone Point (Bribie Island), QLD HMAS Koopa
TS Krait Hervey Bay, QLD MV Krait
TS Maryborough Maryborough, QLD HMAS Maryborough
TS Magnus East Brisbane (School Unit), QLD Saint Magnus 1960, 1969
TS Morten Bay Woody Point (Brisbane), QLD HMAS Moreton
TS Norfolk Wellington Point (Brisbane), QLD Norfolk (sloop) 1995
TS Diamantina Redland Bay (Brisbane), QLD HMAS Diamantina
TS Onslow Caloundra, QLD HMAS Onslow
NTS Gympie Gympie, QLD HMAS Gympie
TS Paluma Shorncliffe, QLD HMAS Paluma 1966
TS Rockhampton Rockhampton, QLD HMAS Rockhampton
TS Gladstone Gladstone, QLD Gladstone, QLD
TS Southport Southport (Gold Coast – School Unit), QLD Southport, QLD
TS Success Robina (Gold Coast – School Unit), QLD HMAS Success
TS Toowoomba Toowoomba, QLD HMAS Toowoomba 2008
TS Tyalgum Main Beach (Gold Coast), QLD S.S. Tyalgum? 1996, 1997, 2002
NTS Vengeance Jindalee (School Unit), QLD HMS Vengeance (R71)
TS Walrus Eagleby (Gold Coast), QLD S.S Walrus 2011
TS Darwin Darwin, NT City of Darwin
TS Melville Bay Gove, NT HMAS Melville
TS Adelaide Port Adelaide, SA HMAS Adelaide 1972
TS Noarlunga Noarlunga, SA Port Noarlunga, SA 2012
TS Stuart Smithfield, SA HMAS Stuart
TS Augusta Pt Augusta, SA Port Augusta, SA
TS Whyalla Whyalla, SA HMAS Whyalla
TS Flinders Pt Flinders, SA HMAS Flinders 1964, 1986
TS Gambier Mt Gambier, SA Mount Gambier, SA 1970
TS Sturt Berri, SA Charles Sturt 1991
TS Argonaut St Helens (East Coast), TAS The Argonaut tin mine, HMS Argonaut 2015
TS Derwent Hobart, TAS HMAS Derwent 1965
TS Emu Burnie (Port of Burnie), TAS HMAS Emu 15/06/1951
TS Hobart Hobart (Dedicated Band Unit), TAS HMAS Hobart
TS Leven Ulverstone (Show Grounds Ulverstone), TAS
TS Mersey Devonport (Port of Devonport), TAS Mersey River (Tasmania) 1998
TS Tamar Launceston, TAS Tamar River (Tasmania) 1983
TS York George Town (Port of Bell Bay/Beauty Point), TAS HMS York
TS Albury Bandiana, VIC Albury, NSW
TS Barwon Geelong, VIC HMAS Barwon 1959, 1980, 1981, 1987
TS Bendigo Bendigo, VIC HMAS Bendigo 2003
TS Henty Portland, VIC Edward Henty
TS Latrobe Newborough (Moe), VIC HMAS Latrobe
TS Melbourne Surrey Hills, VIC HMAS Melbourne 1968
TS Mildura Mildura, VIC HMAS Mildura
TS Tingira HMAS Cerberus, VIC HMAS Tingira
TS Bataan Monash Barracks, VIC HMAS Bataan
CIHS Norwood Ringwood, VIC Norwood, VIC
TS Voyager Williamstown, VIC HMAS Voyager 2007
TS Anzac Rockingham, WA HMAS Anzac 1978, 2009
TS Broome Broome, WA HMAS Broome
TS Bunbury Bunbury, WA HMAS Bunbury
TS Canning Wilson (Perth Metro), WA Canning, WA 1984
TS Challenger (Closed) Guildford (Perth Metro), WA HMS Challenger
TS Cockburn Munster (Perth Metro), WA Cockburn Sound, WA
TS Dampier Dampier, WA Dampier, WA
TS Gascoyne Carnarvon, WA HMAS Gascoyne
TS Kybra Esprance, WA HMAS Kybra
TS Mandurah Mandurah, WA Mandurah, WA
TS Marmion Hillarys Marina (Perth Metro), WA Marmion, WA 1992, 1994
TS Morrow Geraldton, WA CDRE JC Morrow
TS Perth East Fremantle, WA HMAS Perth 1971
TS Pilbara Port Hedland, WA Pilbara Region, WA
TS Vancouver Albany, WA George Vancouver 1988

Former units of the NLSCC/ASCC/NRC/ANC;

Name of unit Location of unit Unit named after Navy League of Australia'
Annual Cadet Efficiency Award Winners
TS Bedford Kwinana Beach, WA Admiral Sir Frederick Bedford, GCB, GCVO, RN 1962 Renamed TS Anzac in 1975
TS Creswell East Fremantle, WA HMAS Creswell Renamed TS Perth in 1965
NLTD Victory Lavender Bay, NSW HMS Victory
NLTD Australia Gladesville, NSW HMAS Australia (1911)
NLTD Canberra Orange, NSW HMAS Canberra (D33)
NLTD Endeavour Manly, NSW HMS Endeavour
TS Warrego Woolwich, NSW HMAS Warrego (D70) 1963 Moved to Spectacle Island then eventually absorbed into TS Sydney
NLTD Vendetta Manly, NSW HMAS Vendetta (D69) Renamed TS Perth
TS Perth Manly, NSW HMAS Perth (D29) Renamed TS Condamine in 1956
NLTD Beatty Wollongong, NSW Admiral of the Fleet The Earl Beatty, GCB, OM, GCVO, DSO, RN Renamed TS Albatross
TS Cerberus Black Rock, VIC HMVS Cerberus Paid off 16 October 1952
TS Lightning Geelong, VIC Lightning (clipper)
TS Shropshire Canterbury, NSW HMAS Shropshire Closed and reopened in Grafton, NSW in 1982
TS Parramatta Rydalmere, NSW HMAS Parramatta (D55) Disbanded due to lack of cadets in 1995
TS Campbeltown Ingleburn, NSW HMS Campbeltown (I42) Disbanded due to lack of cadets in 1997
TS Avalon Geelong Grammar School, VIC Avalon Homestead Disbanded due to lack of staff
TS Warramunga Darwin, NT Unit destroyed by Cyclone Tracy (Darwin, 1974) and not reformed

Navy League of Australia, Annual Cadet Efficiency Award results[2]

In late 2009 early 2010 the decision was made to stop using Area Commands such as; South Queensland HQ, North Queensland HQ, New South WalesHQ etc. In the place Area Commands, Flotilla Commands would take over, each Flotilla would have on average 5 units in its command area and would report directly to the newly appointed 'Director of Flotillas'.

Name of Flotilla Flotilla named after State Located in Flotilla Commander
Brisbane Flotilla (BF) Brisbane Queensland LCDR Penny Gardner, ANC
Central Queensland Flotilla (CQF) (New name TBA) Central Queensland Queensland LCDR Joyce Kennedy, ANC
Defiance Flotilla (DF) HMS Defiance[6] New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory LCDR , ANC
Flinders Flotilla (FF) Matthew Flinders Victoria LCDR Jeffrey Paull, ANC
Investigator Flotilla (IF) HMS Investigator New South Wales LCDR Debra Shaw, ANC
Kellatie Flotilla (KF) Kellatie, means "deep water" for the local Aboriginal inhabitants Tasmania LCDR Alistair Barber, ANC
Westralia Flotilla (LF) HMAS Leeuwin Western Australia LCDR Spike Jones,ANC
North Queensland Flotilla (NQF) North Queensland Queensland LCDR Warren Gardner, ANC
Torrens Flotilla (TF) HMAS Torrens South Australia LCDR Gill McKay, ANC (Acting)

ANC Ranks

Ranks of the Australian Navy Cadets are divided into Staff ranks and Cadets Ranks. Volunteers do not become staff until appointed by the ANC.

Staff Ranks

Officer of Cadets (OOC) Ranks
Rank Sub Lieutenant ANC Lieutenant ANC Lieutenant Commander ANC Commander ANC Captain ANC
Instructor of Cadets (IOC) Ranks
Rank Provisional Instructor ANC Able Seaman ANC
(Inactive rank)
Leading Seaman ANC
(Inactive rank)
Petty Officer ANC Chief Petty Officer ANC Warrant Officer ANC
(Inactive rank)

Example of Use (officer); LCDR Joe Blogg, ANC
Example of Use (Instructor); POANC Joe Blogg

Cadet Ranks

Rank Cadet Recruit Cadet Seaman Cadet Able Seaman Cadet Leading Seaman Cadet Petty Officer Cadet Chief Petty Officer Cadet Warrant Officer Midshipman ANC

(inactive rank)


Example of Use; CDTPO Joe Bloggs


Example of Use; USV Joe Bloggs

Former National Commanders & Director's General

The basic Naval Reserve Cadet (NRC) command structure prior to 2001 was as follows;

Director of Naval Reserves and Cadets (DNRC) was a RANR Officer in Canberra who had overall authority of the Naval Reserve Cadets. Each state had a Senior Officer Naval Reserve Cadets (SONRC) who answered to the LNA or Local Naval Authority usually the Commanding Officer (CO) of the establishment on which the NRCHQ of that state resided. A Cadet Liaison Officer (CLO), usually a RANR Officer, was situated in HMAS Cairns, HMAS Moreton, HMAS Watson, HMAS Lonsdale, HMAS Encounter, HMAS Huon and HMAS Leeuwin (all shore bases at the time). The CLO had responsibility for the liaising between the NRC and RAN in their state. There was no national HQ or national staff until the ANC was established in 2001.

Rank Name Post-Nominals Service Branch Years as
National Commander (NCANC)
Director (DNRC)
Director NRC
Captain David Martin RAN 1973–1974 Later known as Rear Admiral Sir David Martin KCMG AO RAN – 34th Governor of New South Wales
Commander Allan Vidler NRC
Commander Christine Reinks NRC
National Commander ANC
Captain Gavin Reeves ANC 2000–25 February 2007 CAPT Reeves was awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001 for services to the ANC, NRC and the Australian Sea Cadet Corps.
Commander John Goss AM RANR 25 February 2007 – 13 August 2008 (Acting)
Captain Eliot Fisher ESM ANC 13 August 2008 – 13 August 2011
Captain John Gill ANC 13 August 2011 – 30 June 2014
Captain Eliot Fisher ESM, OAM ANC 13 August 2014 - 1 January 2017
Commander Kerry Rayner OAM ANC 1 January 2017

Prior to 2001 the ANC did not have the title or position 'Director General ANC', instead the overall Commander's position was called 'Director of Reserves Navy' which was a RANRANR position.

Rank Name Post-
Service Branch Years as
Director General (DGANC)
Director General ANC & Reserves (DGANCR)
Director General ANC
Commodore Nigel Coates AM RAN 2005–2007 Later known as Rear Admiral Nigel Coates AM RAN
Commodore Karel de Laat CSC, RFD RANR 2007-2007 Later known as Rear Admiral Karel de Laat CSC RFD RANR
Commodore Michael Smith AM RANR 2007-?
Commodore Geoff Geraghty AM RANR ? – 1 February 2014
Director General Australian Navy Cadets and Reserves
Commodore Geoff Geraghty AM RANR 2 February 2014 – 30 November 2014
Commodore Bruce Kafer AM, CSC RANR 1 December 2014 – Present


The uniforms of the Australian Navy Cadets are based on that of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), with only a few differences such as the shoulder flashes of the ANC reading "AUSTRALIAN NAVY CADETS" as opposed to the RAN's "AUSTRALIA" flashes.

Award Staff Cadet Years Service Notes
Personal Efficiency Badge All Ranks All Ranks (except RCT) completion of set qualification criteria
personal readiness with 12 month renewal
Staff (Silver Badges with Gold Wheel)
Cadet (Silver Badge with Silver Wheel)
Long Service & Good Conduct Stripe POANC All Ranks (except WO & MIDN) Staff
(1 for every 4 years of Service)
(1 for 4 years service as a cadet)
(1 for every 4 years service in the RAN or RANR)
(maximum of 3 stripes)
(1 stripe for every year of service)
(maximum of 3 stripes)
5 Year Service Certificate All Ranks N/A completion of 5 years service
10 Year Service Certificate All Ranks N/A completion of 10 years service
Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal All Ranks N/A For 15 Years Long Service A bar is awarded for every five years thereafter.
National Commander ANC Commendation All Ranks N/A for meritorious service In Gold, Silver and Bronze.
Director General ANC Commendation All Ranks N/A for extraordinary meritorious service In Gold, Silver and Bronze.
Conspicuous Service Medal (CSM) All Ranks N/A The medal recognises commendable achievement or commitment to duty in a non-combative context. It is awarded to members of the Australian Defence Force and certain other people for example, Defence Force chaplains.
Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC) All Ranks N/A The cross recognises exceptional dedication to duty or outstanding achievement in skills or judgement in a non-combative context. It is awarded to members of the Australian Defence Force and certain other people such as members of philanthropic organisations.

Activities and Training

Australian Navy Cadets marching during Remembrance Day ceremony Kings Park, Western Australia, 11 November 2012.

Courses and Skills

Cadets learn teamwork and leadership skills, and put these into practice at regular weekly parades. Cadets also have the opportunity to attend training camps for the purpose of promotion in rank, standard training, or to gain additional qualifications.

TS Hobart, a dedicated band unit, also offers musical activities as well as the normal cadet curriculum.

ANC and RAN Twinning Program

All ANC units can participate in sea rides on Royal Australian Navy ships as part of the "Twinning" program, an initiative to provide a link between ANC units and RAN ships.[7]

International Exchanges

As the ANC is part of the International Sea Cadet Association, the opportunity is present for members to go on exchange programs with overseas cadet groups.

ANC and Young Endeavour Youth Scheme

The ANC/Young Endeavour Voyage Scheme is a sailing program for Australian Navy Cadets aged 16 and over, focused on building leadership, teamwork and communication skills through sail training. This scheme is being sponsored by the RAN and extends to 24 Australian Navy Cadets and three ANC staff members the chance to participate in two dedicated voyages on STS Young Endeavour. Sponsorship covers all voyage fees, airfares and accommodation. Nominations are sought from cadets over the age of 16 years and placement is offered to the top 24 cadets who can demonstrate outstanding personal and leadership qualities and who have made a valuable contribution to their local community during the past 12 months.

Over the course of the voyage, 24 Navy Cadets and three ANC staff members learn aspects of sailing a 44-metre, square rigged tall ship on the open sea including climbing the two 30 metre masts, setting sails, navigating, keeping watch, taking the helm and helping in the galley. ANC crew are trained by a professional Royal Australian Navy crew who are there to ensure the highest standards of safety and care.

The YEYS staff lead and run the Ship's usual training, games/sport and activity programs, with all ANC staff and cadets coming under the direction and supervision of the Ship's crew. This is not a military program. ANC staff do not have a leadership role while embarked in STS Young Endeavour and fully participate in the ship's youth development program on an equal footing with the cadets whom they would usually lead. The focus of the voyage is on self-development, the atmosphere is informal and all ship's company and youth crew are addressed on a first name basis.


When Cadets complete the Initial General Training Course (GT), they have the opportunity to go and do a specialisation course. Having a specialisation is not necessary to get promoted to Leading Seamen but having done at least one Annual Continuous Training (ACT) is. Cadets are allowed to have more than one specialisation or category but each cadet will have a primary specialisation. Specialist courses are run on ACTs (as well as GT) which usually happen once a year. The awarding of categories mirrors that of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) even though sailors in the RAN can only gain one rate at any one time. The specialisations are available to cadets from the rank of Able Seaman.

The specialisations available in the Australian Navy Cadets are;

Former specialisations;

Cadets can also attend an advanced course on most of the above specialisations

Cuff Rates;

CSA (Cadet Special Award) are completed at cadets, camps and ACT (Annual Continuous Training). Cuff rates is a badge you get after completing the course and it is worn on ceremonial uniforms, with a maximum of three to be worn. Cuff rate include;

the Adventurous Training Award is run by the Australian Army Cadets and is worn above the readiness badge.


Australian Navy Cadet and a Royal Canadian Sea Cadet Petty Officer First Class during an international training activity

All cadets and staff in the ANC are workers of the ADF (Australian Defence Force) in accordance to the workplace health and safety act classifying them as workers but are not required to undertake military service.[8]


The age period of membership as a cadet is twelve turning thirteen on the year of entry, to the day before turning twenty. After turning twenty years of age, it is no longer possible to be a member of the ANC as a cadet.[9] There is no specific recruitment time.


All cadet units are staffed by paid officers and instructors, although some units may also have volunteer instructors. Adult staff involved in the organisation come from a variety of backgrounds and professions including:

Some Cadet Staff are appointed for their professional expertise in instruction or administration. Cadets may apply to become Officers or Instructors when they leave the Cadet program.[10]

The current National Command Authority are;

See also


  1. History – Australian Navy Cadets (ANC Official Website) .
  2. 1 2 Navy League of Australia – History of the ANC
  3. ABR5128 (AL2) Chapter 16
  4. Official ANC Website Australian Navy Cadets – ANC. Retrieved 8 March 2008. Archived 24 January 2011 at WebCite
  5. a Sub-Unit of the Townsville ANC Unit TS CORAL SEA
  6. The probable association is based on the 'United Irishmen' mutiny which begun aboard the Defiance, during which the Catholic Irish members of the Ship's Company were reported to had intended delivering to the French after murdering the Protestants in the crew. Eleven of the mutineers were hung, and ten mutineers were "transported for life" to New South Wales. The United service magazine, England's Wooden Walls: HMS DEFIANCE, London, 1844, p.100
  7. "Navy and cadets to bond through twinning initiative" (PDF). Sea Talk. Royal Australian Navy. Summer 2006. p. 29. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  8. ABR5128 (AL2) – Chapter 7
  9. How to Join - Australian Navy Cadets How to Join - Australian Navy Cadets. Retrieved 27 October 2008. Archived 24 January 2011 at WebCite
  10. 1 2 Australian Navy Cadets – Staff FAQs . Retrieved 8 March 2008.


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