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Aslim Taslam (Arabic: أسلم تسلم) is a phrase meaning "submit (to God i.e. by accepting Islam) and you will get salvation", taken from the letters sent by the Islamic prophet Muhammad to various kings and rulers in which he urged them to convert to Islam.
Letters of Muhammad
Muhammad, according to the usually told Islamic historiography, sent ambassadors with such letters to Heraclius the emperor of Eastern Roman Empire, Chosroes II the emperor of Persia, the Negus of Ethiopia, Muqawqis the ruler of Egypt, Harith Gassani the governor of Syria and Munzir ibn Sawa the ruler of Bahrain. The account as transmitted by Muslim historians reads as follows
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم من محمد بن عبد الله إلى هرقل عظيم الروم: سلام على من اتبع الهدى، أما بعد فإنى أدعوك بدعوة الإسلام أسلم تسلم يؤتك الله أجرك مرتين، فإن توليت فعليك إثم جميع الأريسيِين قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ تَعَالَوْا إِلَىٰ كَلِمَةٍ سَوَاءٍ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمْ أَلَّا نَعْبُدَ إِلَّا اللَّهَ وَلَا نُشْرِكَ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُنَا بَعْضًا أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ ۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَقُولُوا اشْهَدُوا بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ
|“|| In the name of God the Beneficent, the Merciful:
(This letter is) from Muhammad son of Abdullah to Heraclius the Great (ruler) of the Romans (Byzantines). Peace be upon him, he who follows the right path. Furthermore I invite thee to Islam; become a Muslim and thou shalt be safe (from Hell or God's punishment), and God will double thy reward (as your people will follow along and be saved because of you), and if thou rejectest, thou shalt bear the sins of the Arisiyins (the peasants, your people).
(And I recite to you God's Statement:) Say (O Muhammad): 'O people of the scripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship none but God and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords beside God. Then, if they turn away, say: 'Bear witness that we are Muslims' (those who have surrendered to God).
The letter to Chosroes II is similar except that it refers to Magians instead of the Arisiyin.
Similar Letters of Leaders from Muslim countries
On September 17, 2006, in response to the Pope Benedict XVI Islam controversy, characterized by Gazan clerics as "the result of his hatred for Islam and not the result of ignorance." one of them, Sheikh Imad Hamato, called on the pope to "repent and ask for forgiveness" and said: "We want to use the words of the Prophet Muhammad and tell the pope: aslim taslam."
Osama bin Laden sent a handful of such letters both to USA and Europe saying aslim taslam
Hizb ut-Tahrir Indonesia spokesperson, Ismail Yusanto said to Nikolas van Dam, the Dutch ambassador for Indonesia that the Dutch government is responsible for the Fitna (film) of Geert Wilders and said aslim taslam.
In response to the aslim taslam invitation to submit to God by Islam, the Italian author and journalist Oriana Fallaci asserted the rejoinder "lan astaslem" (Arabic: لن استسلم) meaning "I will never surrender/I will never submit/I will never be a Muslim". Michelle Malkin has taken up this slogan as a response to the WTC terrorist attacks
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- Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic
- Glossary of Islamic terms in Arabic
- Abidullah Ghazi & Tasneema K Ghazi, Teachings of Our Prophet: A selection of Hadith for Children, IQRA International Education, p. 3.
- Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 52, Number 196
- "Gazans warn pope to accept Islam". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved March 3, 2009.by Khaled Abu Toameh September 18, 2006
- "Lettre de Mohammad, au Négus Al Asham, Roi d'Abyssinie.". aslim-taslam. Retrieved March 3, 2009.by Sajida M
- Nadia Maria El-Cheikh, "Muhammad and Heraclius: A Study in Legitimacy", Studia Islamica, No. 89. (1999), p. 5-21.
- Sahih Bukhari 1.1.6
- Gerrit Jan Reinink, Rijksuniversiteit Te Groningen, "The Reign of Heraclius (610-641): crisis and confrontation", Peeters Publishers (2002), ISBN 90-429-1228-6, p. 125-128.
- At-Tabari, Tarikh al-umam wal-muluk
- Henryk M. Broder, Hurra, wir kapitulieren! Von der Lust am Einknicken (“Hurray, we are capitulating! About the lust to bend over backwards”,) Berlin 2006, pp. 71-90
- Bruce Lawrence, Messages to the World: The Statements of Osama Bin Laden, London/New York 2005
- "Video: Al Qaeda tells U.S. to convert or die". HotAir. Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009.September 2, 2006
- "Egyptian Cleric Hassan Abu Al-Ashbal Calls on President-Elect Obama to Convert to Islam". MEMRI. Retrieved March 3, 2009.November 27, 2009
- "Egyptian Cleric Hassan Abu Al-Ashbal Calls on President-Elect Obama to Convert to Islam". MEMRI. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009.November 27, 2008
- "Dutch Government must be held accountable over Fitna". Hizb ut-Tahrir. April 4, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
- Oriana Fallaci, The Rage and The Pride (La Rabbia e l'Orgoglio), 2001.
- "Oriana Fallaci, R.I.P., and the Religion of Perpetual Outrage". Townhall.com. Archived from the original on 16 October 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2006. by Michelle Malkin September 15, 2006
- "9/11 pledge: "I will not submit". Townhall.com. Archived from the original on 16 October 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2006. by Michelle Malkin September 11, 2006
- "9/11 pledge: "I will not submit"". Michelle Malkin. Archived from the original on 27 February 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009. by Michelle Malkin September 11, 2006
- "Seven years later: Remembrance and resolve". Michelle Malkin. Retrieved March 3, 2009. by Michelle Malkin September 11, 2008