Arthur Middleton (1681–1737)

Arthur Middleton
Governor of South Carolina (acting)
In office
May 7, 1725  December, 1730
Preceded by Francis Nicholson
Succeeded by Robert Johnson
Personal details
Born October 29, 1681 (1681-10-29)
South Carolina
Died September 17, 1737 (1737-09-18) (aged 55)
South Carolina

Mary Williams Middleton

Sarah Middleton

Henry Hester





Arthur Middleton (October 29, 1681 – September 17, 1737) was a South Carolina planter and Acting Governor of South Carolina from May 7, 1725 to December, 1730.


In 1678, Middleton's father (Edward) and his uncle, Arthur, moved from Barbados to South Carolina, and settled on 1,780 acres of land 14 miles north of Charles Town. His father, Edward had purchased his uncle's share of the landgrant, plus another 3,130 acres, then settled with his wife, Sara, on the plantation; and named the plantation The Oaks.

Middleton was born on October 29, 1681. He married Mary Williams and Sarah Middleton.[1]


Middleton’s father died in 1685, leaving to his wife, Sara, and their young son, Arthur, the plantation. In the following decade, English colonists learned how to cultivate rice in fresh water swamps, with slave labor, by 1699, The Oaks plantation had begun to make money. By 1720, the estate consisted of over 5,000 acres and Middleton owned over 100 slaves.

A well-established member of the Carolina gentry, Middleton was also a respected member. In 1710, he traveled to London to discuss the political problems in the Carolinas.


Middleton died on September 17, 1737 at the age of 56, and at that time he owned 107 slaves. Though he had eight children, only three survived. His widow, Sarah Middleton died on September 24, 1765.[2]


  1. "Arthur Middleton". Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  2. Arthur Middleton. The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Volume 5. Retrieved 15 September 2013.

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Francis Nicholson
Governor of South Carolina (acting)
May 7, 1725 to December, 1730
Succeeded by
Robert Johnson
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