Armazi stele of Vespasian

Armazi stele of Vespasian
Material Stone
Size 126 x 116[1]
Writing Ancient Greek
Created 75 AD
Discovered 1867
Place Armazi
Present location Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi

The Armazi stele of Vespasian (Georgian: ვესპასიანეს არმაზის სტელა) is a stele with Ancient Greek inscriptions found in 1867[2] at Armazi, near Mtskheta, in the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Iberia. The stele memorialises reinforcement of fortification of Armazi walls by Emperor Vespasian.[3][4] Additionally, the inscription mentions two emperors Titus, Domitian and two kings Mihrdat I of Iberia, Pharasmanes I of Iberia and prince royal Amazaspus. The inscription is dated 75 AD.[3][5][6] The top of the stele is lost. According to Professor David Braund the missing text was in Latin or Armazic (outgrowth of Aramaic language).[3][7] Cyril Toumanoff identifies Amazaspus as King Amazasp I of Iberia,[8] though it can be prince royal Amazaspus, son of Pharasmanes I of Iberia, who is known from the Epigram of Amazaspos found in Rome.[3]


Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus, pontifex maximus, holding the tribunician power for the seventh time, imperator for the fourteenth time, consul for the sixth time, and designated for the seventh, father of the fatherland, censor and imperator Titus Caesar, son of Augustus, holding the tribunician power for the fifth time, consul for the fourth time and designated for the fifth, censor, and Domitianus Caesar, son of Augustus, consul for the third time and designated for the fourth, for the king of the Iberians, Mithridates, son of King Pharasmanes, and Amazaspus, friend of Caesar and of the Romans, and for his people [Iberians] they [Romans] fortified the walls.[9]


  1. Gamkrelidze, p. 18
  2. Lomtatidze, p. 24
  3. 1 2 3 4 Rapp, p. 224
  4. Gamkrelidze, p. 13
  5. Suny, p. 15
  6. Toumanoff, p. 13
  7. Rapp, p. 215
  8. Toumanoff, p. 15
  9. Lomtatidze, p. 11


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