Argishti I of Urartu

Argishti I

Monument of Argishti in Yerevan, Armenia
King of Urartu
Reign 786-764 BC
Predecessor Menua
Successor Sarduri II
Issue Sarduri II
Father Menua

Argishti I (Armenian: Արգիշտի Ա), was the sixth known king of Urartu, reigning from 786 BC to 764 BC. He founded the citadel of Erebuni in 782 BC, which is the present capital of Armenia, Yerevan.[1]

A son and the successor of Menua, he continued the series of conquests initiated by his predecessors. He was involved in a number of inconclusive conflicts with the Assyrian king Shalmaneser IV. He conquered the northern part of Syria and made Urartu the most powerful state in post-Hittite Asia Minor. He also expanded his kingdom north to Lake Sevan, conquering much of Diauehi and the Ararat Valley.[2] Argishti built the Erebuni Fortress in 782 BC, and the fortress of Argishtikhinili in 776 BC.

He was succeeded by his son Sarduri II.

Some linguists believe that the name Argištiše has Indo-European etymology (Armenian).[3] Compare Armenian արեգ (translit. areg) – “sun deity”, “sun”, Phrygian ΑΡΕJΑΣΤΙΝ (translit. Areyastin) - “epithet of the great mother” and Greek αργεστής (translit. argestes) - “shining”, “brilliant”, “white”, “bright”.

See also


  1. Burney, Charles Allen. Historical Dictionary of the Hittites. 2004. p. 187.
  2. Suny, Ronald Grigor. The Making of the Georgian Nation. p. 6.
  3. Petrosyan, Armen - The Indo-european and ancient Near Eastern sources of the Armenian epic, 2002, Institute for the study of Man

Further reading

External links

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