Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria

Archduke Karl Albrecht

Archduke Karl Albrecht in 1918
Born (1888-12-18)18 December 1888
Pula, Austro-Hungary
Died 17 March 1951(1951-03-17) (aged 62)
near Stockholm, Sweden
Spouse Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona
Issue Prince Karl-Stefan
Princess Maria-Christina
Prince Karl Albrecht
Princess Renata
Full name
Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria
Mother Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany

Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria-Teschen (Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus von Österreich, later Karl Albrecht Habsburg-Lothringen, since 1919 – Karol Olbracht Habsburg-Lotaryński; (Pula, 18 December 1888 Östervik, nr. Stockholm, 17 March 1951).

Early life and career

He was an Austrian Archduke, the oldest son of Archduke Charles Stephen and Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany.

He was a landowner in Żywiec, Officer Colonel of Artillery in both the Imperial (k.u.k.) Austro-Hungarian Army (on Horse) and the Polish Army, and the 1,175th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1910, etc.[1]

In 1918 and again in 1939 he volunteered to the Polish Army. He fought in the Polish–Soviet War.[2] In 1920, he commanded the Grudziądz Fortress. During the German occupation of Poland, he declared Polish nationality and refused to sign the Volksliste. He was imprisoned[2] in November 1939, kept in Cieszyn and tortured by the Gestapo.[2] His wife was interned in Wisła. He left prison blind in one eye and half-paralyzed. In October 1942, Albrecht and his family were sent to a labor camp in Strausberg.[2] After liberation, he moved to Kraków and then to Sweden. His estate was confiscated in 1939 by the invading Germans, and again in 1945 by the Polish People's Republic.[2]

Family and children

On 8 November 1920 he married morganatically Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona (Tullgarn, near Trosa, 18 December 1889 - Saltsjöbaden, near Stockholm, Sweden, 26 November 1985) in the Castle of Żywiec, Poland. Alice became the Princess von Altenburg (with the style Highness) on 15 December 1949, as a daughter of Oscar Carl Gustav Ankarcrona (10 June 1857 -), and his wife (m. 20 November 1886) Anna Elisabeth Aurora Carleson (5 November 1867 -).

Their children were:


Titles, styles, honours, and arms



  1. Ribera, José António Moya, Costados, N.º 81
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Timothy Snyder. The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke. Basic Books. 2008.

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