Antimony tribromide

Antimony tribromide
IUPAC name
Other names
Antimony(III) bromide
7789-61-9 N
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
Interactive image
ChemSpider 23017 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.254
EC Number 232-179-8
PubChem 24615
RTECS number CC4400000
Molar mass 361.472 g/mol
Appearance colorless to yellow crystals
Density 4.35 g/cm3
Melting point 96.6 °C (205.9 °F; 369.8 K)
Boiling point 288 °C (550 °F; 561 K)
Solubility soluble in dilute HCl, HBr, CS2, acetone, benzene, chloroform, ammonia, alcohol
2.47 D
Orthorhombic, oP16, SpaceGroup = Pnma, No. 62 (β form)
96 J/mol K
-259 kJ/mol
not listed
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
7000 mg/kg
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 0.5 mg/m3 (as Sb)[1]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 0.5 mg/m3 (as Sb)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Antimony tribromide (SbBr3) is a chemical compound containing antimony in its +3 oxidation state.


It may be made by the reaction of antimony with elemental bromine, or by the reaction of antimony trioxide with hydrobromic acid.

Alternatively, it can be prepared by the action of bromine on a mixture of antimony sulfide and antimony trioxide at 250 °C.


It can be added to polymers such as polyethylene as a fire retardant.[2] It is also used in the production of other antimony compounds, in chemical analysis, as a mordant, and in dyeing. [3]

Chemical Properties

Antimony tribromide has two crystalline forms, both having orthorhombic symmetries. When a warm carbon disulfide solution of SbBr3 is rapidly cooled, it crystallizes into the needle-like α-SbBr3, which then slowly converts to the more stable β form.[4]

Antimony tribromide hydrolyzes in water to form hydrobromic acid and antimony trioxide:

2 SbBr3 + 3 H2O → Sb2O3 + 6 HBr


  1. 1 2 "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0036". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
  2. Yang, Y. P.; D. G. Brewer; J. E. S. Venart (1991). "A study of the synergistic action of antimony oxide in fire-retardant polyethylene". Fire and Materials. 15: 37. doi:10.1002/fam.810150107.
  3. "Antimony tribromide"
  4. Okuda, Tsutomu; Terao, Hiromitsu; Ege, Osamu; Negita, Hisao (1970). "Structural Studies of Antimony Tribromide and Its Molecular Complex with Benzene by Means of the 81Br Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance". Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan. 43 (8): 2398. doi:10.1246/bcsj.43.2398.
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