Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer in 2015
|Minister President of Saarland|
Assumed office |
10 August 2011
Christoph Hartmann (2012–2013)|
Peter Jacoby (acting, 2012)
Heiko Maas (2012–2013)
Anke Rehlinger (2013–)
|Preceded by||Peter Müller|
|Member of the Saarland Regional Parliament|
Assumed office |
9 August 1962|
University of Trier
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (born 9 August 1962 in Völklingen) is a German politician of the CDU. Since 10 August 2011, she is the current Minister-President of the Saarland, succeeding Peter Müller. In 1998, she was a member of the Bundestag, the German federal parliament.
Early life and education
Kramp-Karrenbauer is from a conservative Catholic family. Between 1984 and 1990 she studied political science and law at University of Trier and Saarbrücken. Between 1991 and 1998 she was a policy officer for CDU Saarland.
In the negotiations to form a coalition government following the 2009 federal elections, Kramp-Karrenbauer was part of the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on education and research policy, led by Annette Schavan and Andreas Pinkwart.
Minister-President of Saarland, 2011-present
In January 2011, Kramp-Karrenbauer was named as successor to Müller, who went on to become a judge at the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.
In January 2012, Kramp-Karrenbauer ended a coalition that included the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP) and blamed the party for “dismantling itself.” She said that her three-party coalition – including the Greens as well as the FDP and her own CDU – had lost the necessary “trust, stability and capacity to act” with the liberals. Under Kramp-Karrenbauer’s leadership, the CDU won the state election shortly after, in what was widely regarded the first electoral test of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s crisis-fighting policy since the beginning of the European debt crisis; meanwhile, the FDP was ejected from the state parliament after taking just 1.2 percent.
Between 2011 and 2014, Kramp-Karrenbauer also served as Commissioner of the Federal Republic of Germany for Cultural Affairs under the Treaty on Franco-German Cooperation. She continues to be a member of the German-French Friendship Group set up by the German Bundesrat and the French Senate. As one of the state's representatives at the Bundesrat, she serves on the Committee on Cultural Affairs; the Committee on Foreign Affairs; and on the Committee on Defence.
Kramp-Karrenbauer was a CDU delegate to the Federal Convention for the purpose of electing the President of Germany in 2012. In the negotiations to form a so-called Grand Coalition (Große Koalition) following the 2013 federal elections, she was part of the CDU/CSU delegation’ leadership team.
When the Mayor of Hamburg Olaf Scholz submitted a motion for a mandatory women's quota for supervisory boards to the Bundesrat in 2012, Kramp-Karrenbauer joined the state governments controlled by the Social Democrats and voted in favor of the draft legislation; in doing so, she supported an initiative opposed by Chancellor Angela Merkel and state governments controlled by the CDU.
Amid her party’s campaign for the 2013 federal elections, Kramp-Karrenbauer suggested Germany return to a top income tax rate above 50 percent, setting off a fierce debate within her party. In her view, Chancellor Angela Merkel's predecessor Gerhard Schröder had gone too far by reducing the top rate to 42 percent from 53 percent in the 1990s. In May 2014, she was among leading members of Merkel’s CDU who called for reductions to offset the fiscal drag – the automatic increases in the tax take that occur as inflation and income growth push wage-earners into higher tax brackets.
When the Federal Constitutional Court ruled in favor of tax equality to same-sex couples in 2013, Kramp-Karrenbauer voiced her concerns about also granting full adoption rights for same-sex couples." In 2015, she caused a public controversy by arguing that "if we open up [the definition of marriage] to become a long-term responsible partnership between two adults, then other demands can't be ruled out, such as a marriage between close relatives or between more than two people."
- German Adult Education Association (DVV), President (since 2015)
- Central Committee of German Catholics, Member
- Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Member
- Max Planck Society, Member of the Senate
- Max Planck Institute for Informatics, Member of the Board of Trustees
- RAG-Stiftung, Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Trustees
- Talat Alaiyan Foundation, Patron
- German Foundation of School Sports, former Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees
- Foundation for the Cultural Heritage of Saarland, former Ex-Officio Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees
- 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, Member of the Board of Trustees
Kramp-Karrenbauer is married to a mining engineer and has three children. An avid reader and self-described AC/DC fan, she speaks French and continues to take lessons to improve her command of the language.
- Biography as Member of Parliament
- Official Website of the Minister-President
- Siobhán Dowling (January 25, 2011), Letter from Berlin: Germany's New Generation of Female Political Leaders Der Spiegel.
- Anthony Czuczka and Brian Parkin (April 16, 2012), Merkel Seen Turning to Euro Bond-Backing SPD to Win in 2013 Bloomberg News.
- Anthony Czuczka and Brian Parkin (March 26, 2012), Merkel’s Party Wins Saarland State in Show of Crisis Backing Bloomberg News.
- Markus Dettmer, Peter Müller and René Pfister (April 23, 2013), Rebel in the Ranks: Gutsy Minister Gives Glimpse of Life After Merkel Der Spiegel.
- Noah Barkin (March 24, 2013), Merkel ally backs double-digit hike in top tax rate Reuters.
- Stefan Wagstyl (May 8, 2014), Angela Merkel sees no ‘room for manoeuvre’ on tax cuts Financial Times.
- Melanie Amann, Dietmar Hipp and Peter Müller (June 11, 2013), Vater and Vater: Gay Adoption Debate Flusters Conservatives Der Spiegel.
- WM-Kuratorium unter Vorsitz von Dr. Thomas Bach FIFA, press release of 30 September 2008.
- Leon Mangasarian (May 23, 2013), German SPD Seen by Merkel Party Leader Turning to Left Bloomberg News.
- Leon Mangasarian (May 23, 2013), Strained Franco-German Ties Worry Merkel Party Saarland Premier Bloomberg News.
Media related to Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer at Wikimedia Commons