PT Angkasa Pura I logo
|Formation||February 20, 1962|
|Legal status||State-owned enterprise|
|Headquarters||Kemayoran, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Central and Eastern region of Indonesia|
|Sulistyo Wimbo S. Hardjito|
PT Angkasa Pura II logo
|Formation||August 13, 1984|
|Legal status||State-owned enterprise|
|Headquarters||Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Tangerang, Indonesia|
|Western region of Indonesia|
|Budi Karya Sumadi|
Angkasa Pura (Sanskrit for Sky City) is a state enterprise of the Indonesian Department of Transport that is responsible for the management of airports in Indonesia. Angkasa Pura is made up of two companies: PT Angkasa Pura I and PT Angkasa Pura II. Angkasa Pura along with other agencies were managing air traffic services in Indonesia but later transfer to new state enterprise, AirNav Indonesia for the sole company or agency controlling the air traffic in Indonesia.
In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I had airport capacities of 30,700,440 people, but the movement was 49,237,437 passengers. Over capacities also occurred for PT Angkasa Pura II with capacities of 30,815,000 people, but the movement was 62,215,834 passengers.
In 1962, Perusahaan Negara (PN) Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was established after a formal request by president Sukarno. It first started to control operations for the Kemayoran Airport (JKT) in Jakarta. In 1965, PN Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was renamed PN Angkasa Pura. In 1974, as the company became publicly administrated, PN Angkasa Pura changed from a state-owned company (perusahaan negara (PN)) to a public company (perusahaan umum (Perum)) and the company name was changed to Perum Angkasa Pura.
Another name change came in 1987, when Perum Angkasa Pura became Perum Angkasa Pura I following the establishment of Perum Angkasa Pura II. Perum Angkasa Pura II was established to control the operation of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (CGK) and Halim Perdanakusuma Airport (HLP) in Jakarta.
In 1992, both Perum Angkasa Pura I and Perum Angkasa Pura II were again renamed to Perseroan Terbatas (PT) Angkasa Pura I and PT Angkasa Pura II.Since then, these two companies have operated the major airports in Indonesia.
Angkasa Pura operates the following airports:
- PT. Angkasa Pura I operates airports in central and eastern Indonesia.
- Juanda International Airport, Surabaya, East Java (since 1 January 1985)
- Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan (since 9 January 1987)
- Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport, Makassar, South Sulawesi (since 9 January 1987)
- Sam Ratulangi International Airport, Manado, North Sulawesi (since 1 January 1989)
- Frans Kaisiepo Airport, Biak, Papua (since 1 January 1989)
- Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali (since 30 March 1989)
- Adisumarmo International Airport, Solo/Surakarta, Central Java (since 29 April 1992)
- Adisucipto International Airport, Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta (since 29 April 1992)
- Syamsudin Noor Airport, Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan (since 29 April 1992)
- Achmad Yani International Airport, Semarang, Central Java (since 1 October 1995)
Selaparang Airport(1 October 1995 - closing in 30 September 2011)
- Lombok International Airport, Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara (Replaced Selaparang Airport on 1 October 2011)
- Pattimura Airport, Ambon, Maluku (since 11 October 1995)
- El Tari Airport, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara (since 1 April 1999)
- PT. Angkasa Pura II operates airports in western Indonesia.
- Halim Perdanakusuma Airport, Jakarta, Jakarta (since 13 August 1984)
- Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, Jakarta (since 5 July 1985)
- Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport, Palembang, South Sumatra (since 8 February 1991)
- Supadio Airport, Pontianak, West Kalimantan (since 8 February 1991)
Polonia International Airport(1 January 1994 - closing in 24 July 2013)
- Kualanamu International Airport, Medan, North Sumatra (Replaced Polonia International Airport on 25 July 2013)
- Sultan Iskandar Muda International Airport, Banda Aceh, Aceh (since 9 April 1994)
Tabing Airport(9 April 1994 - 22 July 2005 due used as an airbase of Indonesian Air Force)
- Minangkabau International Airport, Padang, West Sumatra (Replaced Tabing Airport on 22 July 2005)
- Sultan Syarif Kasim II International Airport, Pekanbaru, Riau (since 9 April 1994)
- Husein Sastranegara International Airport, Bandung, West Java (since 9 April 1994)
- Raja Haji Fisabilillah Airport, Tanjung Pinang, Riau Islands (since 22 March 2000)
- Sultan Thaha Airport, Jambi, Jambi (since 1 April 2007)
- Depati Amir Airport, Pangkal Pinang, Bangka–Belitung Islands (since 1 April 2007)
- Silangit Airport, Siborong-Borong, North Sumatra (since 14 December 2012)
In 2010, Angkasa Pura II made profit of Rp.1,264 trillion. 7 airports suffered losses, but 5 airport made profit. Soekarno Hatta International Airport got profit Rp.1,573 trillion (US$160 million). The other airports which got profit were Polonia Medan airport, Sultan Syarif Kasim Pekanbaru airport, Supadio Pontianak airport and Husein Sastra Negara Bandung airport.
In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I combined capacity was 30 million passengers, but handled 49 million passengers, while PT Angkasa Pura II combined capacity was only 28 million passengers, but handled 62 million passengers. The most heavily burden airports were Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Polonia International Airport, Ngurah Rai International Airport and Juanda International Airport.
PT Angkasa Pura I will build hotels at Juanda International Airport and Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport in 2011. The investment is Rp.50 billion ($5.8 million) and both hotels will be operated by Accor under the Formule 1 brand.
PT Angkasa Pura I will build Flight Plan and Flow Management Centre (FLIPMAC) in Surabaya to cover also Bali, Makassar and Balikpapan and become the centre of Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) nationwide due to Surabaya's point of intersection between domestic and international routes and Jakarta–Surabaya flight path is the world's fifth-most populous and fourth most populous in the Asia Pacific region with 760 flights traffic per week. The system will monitor all the movements of planes from refuelling, baggage, and start catering to aircraft engines and given a time limit and for approaching aircraft, altitude and airspeed settings are also monitored long before the plane arrived at the airport so that aircraft avoid holding or delay. The initial phase will be installed in late 2012 and is expected to be operational in mid-2013 with investment about Rp40 billion.
- "Waspada Online". Waspada Online. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- (Indonesian) History of Angkasa Pura I
- (Indonesian) History of Angkasa Pura II
- "Soekarno Hatta airport enjoys huge profit, seven others suffer losses". thejakartapost.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Major RI airports bursting at the seams: Inaca". KONTAN. Archived from the original on August 15, 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Airport operator to build two hotels". thejakartapost.com. Archived from the original on June 25, 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Angkasa Pura I siap bangun air traffic flow". February 9, 2012.