Andromeda IV

Not to be confused with 4 Andromedae.
Andromeda IV

Andromeda IV just about 30 to the right from TYC 2801-551-1 star (mag: 10.3); HST
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension 00h 42m 32.3s[1]
Declination +40° 34 19[1]
Redshift 256 ± 9 km/s[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 16.6B[1]
Type Dwarf irregular[1]
Apparent size (V) 1.3 × 1.0[1]
Other designations
And IV,[1] PGC 2544[1]

Coordinates: 00h 42m 32.3s, +40° 34′ 19″ Andromeda IV (And IV) is an isolated irregular dwarf galaxy. The moderate surface brightness, a very blue color, low current star formation rate and low metallicity are consistent with it being a small (background) dwarf irregular galaxy, perhaps similar to Local Group dwarfs such as IC 1613 and Sextans A. Arguments based on the observed radial velocity and the tentative detection of the RGB tip suggest that it lies well outside the confines of the Local Group.[2]

Further study using the Hubble space telescope has shown it to be a solitary irregular dwarf galaxy. The galaxy is between 22 and 24 million light years from Earth, and so is not close to the Andromeda Galaxy at all. The galaxy is severely isolated. The Holmberg diameter is 1880 parsecs, but neutral atomic hydrogen gas extends more than eight times further out in a disk. The galaxy is very dark, and the baryonic mass to dark matter ratio is 0.11.[3][4]


It was discovered by Sidney van den Bergh in 1972.[5]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for Andromeda IV. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  2. Ferguson; Gallagher; Wyse (2000). "On the nature of Andromeda IV". The Astronomical Journal. 120 (2): 821–832. arXiv:astro-ph/0005015Freely accessible. Bibcode:2000AJ....120..821F. doi:10.1086/301485.
  3. Nowakowski, Tomasz (22 December 2015). "Andromeda IV turns out to be a solitary gas-rich dwarf galaxy". physorg. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
  4. Karachentsev, I. D.; Chengalur, Jayaram. N.; Tully, R. B.; Makarova, L. N.; Sharina, M. E.; Begum, A.; Rizzi, L. (2015). "Andromeda IV, a solitary gas-rich dwarf galaxy". arXiv:1512.05907Freely accessible [astro-ph.GA].
  5. McConnachie, A. W.; Irwin, M. J.; Ferguson, A. M. N.; Ibata, R. A.; Lewis, G. F.; Tanvir, N. (2005). "Distances and metallicities for 17 Local Group galaxies". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 356 (4): 979–997. arXiv:astro-ph/0410489Freely accessible. Bibcode:2005MNRAS.356..979M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.08514.x.
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