Amurru kingdom

The geopolitic map of the Middle East during the Amarna Period, before Amurru became part of the Hittite zone of influence

Amurru was an Amorite kingdom during the 14th12th centuries BC in a region spanning present-day western and north-western Syria and northern Lebanon [1][2][3]

The first documented leader of Amurru was Abdi-Ashirta, under whose leadership Amurru was part of the Egyptian empire. His son Aziru made contact with the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I, and eventually defected to the Hittites.

The Amurru kingdom was destroyed by the Sea Peoples around 1200 B.C.


  1. Izre'el, Sh. (1991). Amurru Akkadian: A Linguistic Study. With an Appendix on the History of Amurru by Itamar Singer. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.
  2. Singer, I. (1991). "The "Land of Amurru" and the "Lands of Amurru" in the Šaušgamuwa Treaty". Iraq. 53: 6974. doi:10.2307/4200336.
  3. Benz, B. (2016). The Land Before the Kingdom of Israel: A History of the Southern Levant and the People who Populated It. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns. pp. 141179.

External links

Coordinates: 34°34′11″N 36°13′55″E / 34.56972°N 36.23194°E / 34.56972; 36.23194

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